I hope this helps! Here is what I found from 9 family trees on Ancestry.ca. The only major sources to any of this, I listed as a census record and a book called "The Handy Book of American Authors" however every tree was extremely similar in information aside from the children (some had them, some didn't). All dates matched and all had the same picture as you as well as knowledge of his " The Common Sense" article ...
Thomas Paine born 29 Jan 1737 in Thetford, Norfolk, England, died 8 Jun 1809 in New Rochelle, Westchester, New York, USA.
Son of Joseph Paine 1722 England -1751 England and Frances Cocke 1722-1790 married Jun 1734
Brother to Elizabeth Paine born 29 Aug 1738 Thetford, Norfolk, England - death ?
Half Brother to Daniel Paine (son of Joseph) born abt 1717-?
Husband to Mary Lambert born 1740 - death 1760 Margate, Kent, England; married Sep 1759 Sandwich, Kent, England
Father of Baby Girl Paine born 1760 Margate, Kent, England - 1760 Margate, Kent, England
Remarried Husband to Elizabeth Olive born 1753 East, Sussex, England - death 1808; married 26 Mar 1771
Father of Elizabeth born 1800 Virginia, USA - death 1850 Franklin, Virginia, USA (source: 1850 US Federal Census)
Auther of "The Common Sense"
Listed in the "Handy Book of American Authors, 1907" -
Barghouti, Kim, comp.. Handy Book of American Authors, 1907 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.Original data: Louis Harmon Peet. Handy Book of American Authors. New York, USA: Thomas Y. Crowell and Co., 1907.
About Handy Book of American Authors, 1907
Louis Harmon Peet wrote "The Handy Book of American Authors" in 1907 as a palm-sized reference book for authors and their works. This database contains the names, birth and death information for approximately 900 popular writers. Many were immigrants to America. This provides the researcher with a link to family lines in Europe