Yellowhead, William

William Yellowhead, or Musquakie, Ojibwa chief (d at the Rama Reserve, Lk Simcoe, Canada W 11 Jan 1864). During the WAR OF 1812 Yellowhead, then in his thirties or forties, fought for the British. He had his jaw shattered by a musket ball. Succeeding his father as head chief of the Lk Simcoe Ojibwa in 1817, he participated in the surrender the following year of 1,600,000 acres of their territory. He converted to Methodism in the late 1820s but later became an Anglican. As head chief he kept the great wampum belt which recorded the final peace between the Ojibwa and their hereditary enemies, the Six Nations Iroquois.