Dr. William H.X. 'Beach' Oxenham of London, Eng was listed in Ripley's but Clintoni F. Russell appears to have been golfing after he lost his site at an even earlier date.
They had a match-off in 1938 which Russell won. You can google this on the net to find more.
An example: http://dplreference.wordpress.com/2011/08/12/clinton-f-russell-1895-1961-blind-golf-champion/ Clinton F. Russell 1895-1961 First Blind Golf Champion