Help finding the father of an illegitimate child (Ruth Twiss, b. in Haydock, 1851) if there was no bastardy bond?

+7 votes
My GG Grandmother Ruth Twiss was illegitimate. She was born in Haydock, Lancashire on May 18, 1851 to Eliza Twiss. The family story is that Eliza was a live-in servant at a manor house (possibly in Bryn), and the manor lord's son took advantage of her. Eliza was said to be "slow." There does not seem to have been a bastardy bond, or at least I can't find it. Her birth certificate lists her mother as "Margaret" rather than Eliza, but does not list her father. I've never seen the mother called Margaret anywhere else. Ruth's marriage certificate lists her father as Joseph Twiss. Eliza's parents were Joseph and Mary Twiss (nee Brown). So I think she listed her grandfather as her father, I don't know.

There is more to the story in that the father's parents supposedly sent him to Australia after this happened. I have no way of knowing if any of this is true.

I have had my DNA tested, and so has my dad. I was hoping to find clues that way, but I really don't know enough about DNA testing to know if that's possible. It seems like it should be...but a professional genealogist told me what I want to find out is impossible. But then he told me to buy his book, so I'm not too impressed.
WikiTree profile: Ruth Sudworth
in Genealogy Help by Tanya McLauchlan G2G3 (3.6k points)

1 Answer

+1 vote
Ruth was born 18 May 1851 and christened 29 June 1851, Ashton in Mackerfield, St. Thomas, Lancashire, the daughter of Eliza Twiss. (England Births & Christenings 1538-1975) (

The 1851 Census, taken on the night of 30 March 1851 has Eliza, with siblings living with her parents, Joseph & Mary in Smithy Row, Haydock (parish of St. Thomas). Eliza is listed, without employment living at home.

Ruth with mother and grandparents were all lodging in Smithy Row in 1861, in the household of Thomas & Esther Heyes.

Married by 1881 Census, Ruth is living in Parr, Lancashire with husband, John. Eliza is with the family but called Lizzy

No evidence from birth, christening or census records, indicates the father, so most unlikely there will exist a Bastard Bond
by Living Woodhouse G2G6 Pilot (260k points)
Right. So is there ANY way to figure out who her father potentially might have been?

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