What does c.l. following a name mean in a Louisiana birth record circa 1862?

+9 votes
Here are two birth record from St. Martin Parish, Louisiana. The records only include the mother's name, which could mean that the father was white and the mother black or some other "problematic" relationship according to the laws of the time. But, what exactly does c.l. really mean?

AUBRY, Marie Alice c.l. (Celeste AUBRY, c.l. ) b. 9 Aug. 1862 (SM Ch.: v. 10, # 1213)

AUBRY, Gabriel c.l. (Celeste AUBRY) b. 16 Oct. 1864 (SM Ch.: v. 10, #1312)
WikiTree profile: Celeste Aubry
in Genealogy Help by Jacqueline Girouard G2G6 Mach 6 (60.6k points)
retagged by Keith Hathaway

1 Answer

+8 votes
Best answer

I think it is colour libre - a free person of color - I have not been able to find a reference, it is not in the list of abbreviations at SWLR [SW Louisiana Records] by Father Hebert - List  of Abbreviations, Names of Church Parishes and Dates Records Began and it is not listed in the 101 CD which is the source for the entry for Celeste.

I remember that there were several variations for free people of color, some male some female but do not have a source for the abbreviations.
by Philip Smith G2G6 Pilot (275k points)
selected by Jacqueline Girouard

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