As others stated out it's an abbreviation for Centimorgan, which was actually named after a guy named Morgan.
A centimorgan is not the same in distance as to how we normally understand it (eg. 100 cm is 1m). The reason is that the centimorgan (and the morgan) is used to show the number of base pairs that we have at a specific chromosome and start position which has a 1% chance of a crossover (or a morgan has a 100% chance of one crossover) per generation.
As these crossover chances are very different between men and women (women have a much higher crossover rate, they have about every 640k base pairs one crossover whereas men have it on average every 1.09 million base pairs).