I've never encountered this before and I am wondering what assumptions I can make. (Just to try to direct research in a more likely direction.)
I have found 3 Matson and a Thomas listing side by side on the census rolls in 1800 in Milton, Saratoga, New York. Christopher and Garshom are pretty typical (though were transcribed as Matron and Matoon), but Eli Matson is a lone adult as is "Majes"? Thomas - both not taxed. Are the two not taxed actually living in a separate household or do they have to be listed separately - neither is listed under sex/age. The two single people live between the two families.
1. Could this be a large farm parcel with 4 dwellings? Would that be one listing or 4?
2. Are not taxed people not citizens? I never thought of the census as being of citizens only.
3. Is Eli likely to be the father of Christopher and Garshom?
I so wish there was more info on these early censuses. They were so inconsiderate of later generation genealogists. LOL