All other free person not taxed

+4 votes
I've  never encountered this before and I am wondering what assumptions I can make. (Just to try to direct research in a more likely direction.)

I have found 3 Matson and a Thomas listing side by side on the census rolls in 1800 in Milton, Saratoga, New York. Christopher and Garshom are pretty typical (though were transcribed as Matron and Matoon), but Eli Matson is a lone adult as is "Majes"? Thomas - both not taxed.  Are the two not taxed actually living in a separate household or do they have to be listed separately - neither is listed under sex/age. The two single people live between the two families.  

1. Could this be a large farm parcel with 4 dwellings? Would that be one listing or 4?

2. Are not taxed people not citizens? I never thought of the census as being of citizens only.

3. Is Eli likely to be the father of Christopher and Garshom?

I so wish there was more info on these early censuses. They were so inconsiderate of later generation genealogists. LOL
in Genealogy Help by Susan Fitzmaurice G2G6 Mach 5 (57.2k points)

I say we slap 'em 'round a little.



2 Answers

+1 vote
by Ellen Smith G2G Astronaut (1.3m points)
No, the actual header on the census form says " all other free persons except Indians, not taxed."

So I guess the question is - who was not taxed and why?  Nationality? Residency? Age?

Thanks though, that was an interesting read.
+1 vote

The heading on the 1800 census says "all other free persons, except Indians not taxed." and the United States Consitution under Article 1 Section 2

"Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons."

Indentured Servents and Indians were considered free persons but they were not part of a household.  They had to count these free indentured servants and exclude the free Indians from the census. Because Indians not taxed were not included, we don't have any numbers for them.


by Ken Sargent G2G6 Mach 5 (57.5k points)
edited by Ken Sargent

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