Clutterbuck family of Gloucestershire origins

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Many people have descent from the Clutterbuck family of Gloucestershire, who came to England as refugees from the Low countries during the reign of Elizabeth 1. Has anyone been able to establish their origins? Just curious.
in Genealogy Help by Susan Scarcella G2G6 Mach 7 (71.0k points)

2 Answers

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Best answer

Last name: Clutterbuck

This interesting and rare surname, found widely recorded in Gloucestershire, is the Anglicized form of a Dutch name which may have arrived in England at two periods in English history. Firstly, it may have arrived in Gloucestershire when Edward 111 brought Flemish weavers over to teach their craft to the English, with many settling in the Cotswolds. More likely however, the name followed later from Holland due to the religious persecution of French Huguenots, by the Duke of Alba who suppressed the Protestant revolt in the Netherlands (1567 - 1572), and who fled to nearby countries. The Clutterbucks were prominent in Gloucestershire life for many generations. The name first appears in records in the mid 16th Century (see below). A member of the family was mayor of Bristol in 1739. Henry Clutterbuck (1767 - 1856), studied medicine at Edinburgh 1802, and Glasgow 1804, and became a leading physician in London. Robert Clutterbuck (1772 - 1831), was a topographer who was educated at Oxford in 1794. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of one Clutterbuck, which was dated 1545, who was mayor of Gloucestershire, during the reign of King Henry V111, known as "Bluff King Hal", 1509 - 1547. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Clutterbuck#ixzz4ANW1dkwC

by Frank Gill G2G Astronaut (2.3m points)
selected by Susan Scarcella
I have my line traced back to the original Clutterbuck in England, and it is almost certain that the name is Dutch/ Low COuntries in origin being something like Clooterbooke or Klooterboke. I have seen these names still in modern Dutch documents,but what we would all like to know is where the Clutterbuck family was before it fled to England. The area they settled in was heavily centred on the cloth industry, and there were a number of Low Country families which settled there and set up mills, having fled persecution in their homeland.
+1 vote

"More likely however, the name followed later from Holland due to the religious persecution of French Huguenots, by the Duke of Alba who suppressed the Protestant revolt in the Netherlands (1567 - 1572), and who fled to nearby countries."

Hans Clueterijncx

mentioned in the record of Hans Clueterijncx and Tanneken Van Der Meijden

Name Hans Clueterijncx
Spouse's Name Tanneken Van Der Meijden
Event Date 12 Apr 1598
Event Place Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands

CITING THIS RECORD

"Netherlands Marriages, 1565-1892," database,FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FN79-YMW : accessed 2 June 2016), Hans Clueterijncx and Tanneken Van Der Meijden, 12 Apr 1598; citing Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands; FHL microfilm 113,358.

by Frank Gill G2G Astronaut (2.3m points)
Thank you so muh for that, Frank.
Hi

I think the Edward III Dutch/Flemish weaver story is more likely - the Clutterbucks were in Gloucestershire well before the 1560s/70s Huguenot wave - there are wills from 1524,1525, and 1546 in PCC, and references in court rolls back to the late 15th century.  Check out the discussion of origins in The Clutterbuck Book https://clutterbuckorg.blogspot.com.au/

Cheers

Gary
Like you, Gary, I am more inclined to believe  in an earlier arrival . As you said, there seem to have been Clutterbucks  in England at an earlier date, acc to the Clutterbuck book, . The problem is that, as yet,  no one has been able to link the earliest known of our Clutterbuck ancestors to the earlier names mentioned in docs, so we can only safely trace to the 1500s. Here's  hoping that someone will be able to fill in the gaps, if gaps there are.

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