Is Richard "Rock" Taylor a descendant of Rowland Taylor?

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Richard "Rock" Taylor left England on the "Truelove" in 1635 and settled in Yarmouth on Cape Cod. There are several Rowland Taylor's descended from him in the family and I was wondering if he was a descendant of the on who was executed.
WikiTree profile: Rowland Taylor
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1 Answer

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FYI, There were several candidates for the Richard Taylor passenger of the 1635 Truelove. Was he Richard the tailor in Boston? The tailor in Yarmouth? The "rock" Richard of Yarmouth? Or even a Richard Taylor of Virginia ? We cannot yet confirm which Richard he was. 

by Jillaine Smith G2G6 Pilot (822k points)

From my early research notes that led to my article published in NEHGR: (complete notes may be found here.) The multiple Richard Taylors of early Massachusetts:

  1. 6 Feb 1647. A Richard Taylor [tailor] and wife Mary [might she be a Whelden?] baptized a son John Taylor inBoston. [Source: Early Records of Boston, NEHGS Register, volume 9, 1855, p. 188.] 
    This is likely the same Richard who joined the Boston church 1 January 1642 (per Savage; need better source). 
    This is also likely the RT ringing bells 26 Jun 1649 in Boston [Source: "Early Bells of Massachusetts-- Addenda," NEHGS Register, vol. 37, 1883, p. 46; by Elbridge H. Hoss, Esq. of Melrose, Mass.] 
    Likely the Boston Richard Taylor whose will is probated 2 Aug 1673 and which names son John, sister Joan in England and [subsequent] wife Elizabeth.
    Also quite possibly the Richard Taylor with a store at the foot of the stairs under the Towne House 1661-1668 at least and whose son (and heir) John assigns it to another in Nov 1675.
  2. 27 Oct 1646 A Richard Taylor married Ruth, daughter of Gabriel Whelding of Yarmouth, on or closely after 27 Oct 1646 [Source: PCR Volume 2, p. 110: "In the case betweene Gabriell Whelding and Richard Taylor, about his daughter Ruth, the said Gabriell pmiseth his free assent and consent to theire marriage."]. 
    Likely the same RT of Yarmouth listed as able to bear arms in 1643. [Sources: New England Historical & Genealogical Register, Vol. 4, No. 3, July 1850, p. 258; History of Barntstable County, p. 460; History of Cape Cod: Annals of Thirteen towns of Barnstable County, p. 182.]
  3. 4 Oct 1659. A Richard Taylor "of Watertown" has a will probated in Middlesex County that names a wife, Ann, as sole heir, but also mentions a daughter Frances Adams.
  4. 17 Sep 1665. A Richard Taylor shows up in Charlestowne as early as1665 when his wife, Ann, is admitted to the church there. [Source: Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, NEHGS Register, vol 23, 1869, p. 283: "Admitted: 1665 7th mo; 17 day: Anne taylor: ye wife [not widow] of Richard Taylor"] Can't be Yarmouth RT because Yarmouth RT is still married to Ruth Whelden; not likely to be RT who died in 1659 because his wife is not named widow at her admission to the church.
  5. [added; not in original notes] Richard Taylor, "tailor" of Yarmouth who died late 1673 after the drowning death of his unnamed wife. He has probate records in Yarmouth that name some of his children.

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