Is there a way to tell if I have Mi'kmaq ancestry?

+4 votes
5.8k views
I am not sure which category to post this in. Basically, I have Newfoundland ancestry and I have seen little hints and rumours that one or more of my ancestors (on the female side, I think) may have been Mi'kmaq. I'm really curious. And I want to be clear, that's ALL it is, as I have been accused (in a Facebook group) of wanting some sort of government benefit from potential Mi'kmaq ancestry. I don't even know what that's about, and I don't care. I just want to know if any of my ancestors were Mi'kmaq.

Anyway, I've had my DNA tested in a few different places: Ancestry, 23andMe, and then I transferred my results to FTDNA. I've had my Dad, brother, mother, maternal grandmother, and a third cousin tested as well. My Dad's line is the one that might have Mi'kmaq ancestry. However, none of the tests have said I have any Native American DNA. But do they test for Mi'kmaq? Or do they just test for tribes common south of the border?

I would appreciate any insight into this. Thanks!
in The Tree House by Tanya McLauchlan G2G3 (3.3k points)
Tanya,

Thank you for asking!  

Members of my New Hampshire/Connecticut/Canadian family lines have been wondering for years.  Searching for this info has been very difficult; I've put it aside many times as a question "to be addressed later".  And I don't know, either, if DNA will or will not prove it out.

Perhaps Wiki is the forum where we'll BOTH learn more!
That would be nice!

I don't understand the other two responses I've gotten. :(
Good Day Tanya, my best answer would be to do sound genealogical research. A very good link is dorothystewart.net, she has a lot of Newfoundland and Mi'kmaq research. The FNI (Federation of Newfoundland Indians) organization has done a lot of research and there is some of it online. The DNA info is still being looked at. It won't tell you a specific group you're related too, but you can check if you have similar dna to known Mi'kmaq peoples, if any have taken the same test as you. I have over 7000 people in my database and would be willing to share any info and sources if you have some last names, should you wish to let me know of. Good Luck and Cheers
Hi! Thanks for your response. Where can I check to see if I have similar DNA to known Mi'kmaq peoples? I would love to do that!
Good Day Tanya, the first start is to do a good genealogy through documents, to see if any of the more common names Mi'kmaq families show up in your ancestry. From there you would be looking for mtDNA that is known to have come down through the decendnts of those original people, or if the Mi'kmaq married into one of your grandparents lines. The DNA that you could look up through Ancestry, 23 and Me, ftDNA and others can be used as a check to back up your findings if a present day family member has has taken the same test or have used their DNA to put it into Gedmatch.com or some other online site. If you wish to go farther there are a number of tutorials to show how to triangulate dna findings on Gedmatch and other sites. I can help you with the first part with the family names if you wish. Happy Easter, Cheers
I too have questions about my Mi'kmaq heritage. My family stories and research support a connection and my DNA test from 23&me confirms it. Where do I go from here? Thank you.
Hi,

My name is Pat Kelly, my maternal grandfather's name was Fanjoy, probably Fanjoie originally, he was supposed to be descended from Mi'qMaq ancestry. If you can check or send the list of names that would be great.

Thanks,

Pat
Good Day Pat, Do you have a tree that I can look at so I can check around? Cheers
i have not yet DNA tested yet but I know for a fact I am Native American and am part of Aroostook nation as I was given tribal paperwork stating I belong. I know my grandfather is Miqmak but my mom seems to think her father’s parents(her grandparents) were not from the same tribe. She thinks her grandmother might have been maliseet. Would this show up as being from a different region am noticeable through ancestry DNA testing? He has passed away and they weren’t very vocal about these particulars.
Good Day Jen, The only way to find out what tribes your ancestors may have come from is by doing quality genealogy and either hiring a pro. or by learning the science yourself. As far as dna is concerned, there is no test currently available to determine which tribe your ancestors came from. The dna only supports accurate genealogy due to possible markers amoung other sample candidates with in the dna group that have taken the same test as you have. I hope this helps. Cheers and good luck
Hi Michael, I have a relative named Marguerite Lejune Cormier B. 1717 and I'm trying to connect her to Marguerite "Mi'kmaq" Lejune 1598-1658 (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Mikmaq-6). My assumption is that the older was the grandmother of the younger. I'm having a difficult time making the connection. My dna shows up 1.2% aboriginal. I'm fairly certain that they must be related. Any ideas how I can get my answer. Also, I would love to have my dna compared to others from the Mi'kmaq culture. I have read your comments ^.
Hi Michael, I have been told I have Mi'kmaq ancestry and I would like to confirm.

I have band numbers and certain information passed on from other relatives however, more info is required to verify.

If you can help me connect to the link where I can go through common last names ofMi'kmaq  peoe that would be very helpful.

Thank you.
I am a genealogist...and I find all the answers screaming use my site disgusting. There is a Canadian blood test. My Gramps was full Mi"kmaq. Other three Quite literally off the boat, which I have papers for each of them Irish. I have found many mistakes on ancestry.com. So I do suggest a blood test before you do the genealogy or at the same time, but don't. Take the bait with this. Company, they are not the only one. The reason I became a genealogist is because they were dead wrong.

It is hard to find documentation as many intermarriages took place between early settlers and the Mi'gmaq people. Before 1985 the Indian Act stated that an Indigenous woman who marries a non-native would lose her status. Also, in the early years of colonization, children baptized into the church were given Christian names and many families hid the fact that they had Native family members. 

There is a test with the Haplogroup C3b that is Native American. 

Here are a few good resources for reading on the the topic on DNA testing for First Nations Peoples of North America.

Germain Doucet and Haplogroup C3b DNA testing

Y-DNA haplogroups in indigenous people.

Where can we find "common Mikmaq names?  My family is from Nova Scotia and Portugual.

7 Answers

+4 votes

https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Micmac_Indians

White Wolf : DNA Analysis Shows That Native American Genealogy Is ...

www.whitewolfpack.com/2014/08/dna-analysis-shows-that-native-american.html

Native Americans Descended From A Single Ancestral Group, DNA Study ...... not north americanIndian,I am not a Canadian,I consider myself to be Mi'Kmaq ...

DNA of indigenous peoples of the Americas (native Amerindians ...

www.khazaria.com/genetics/indigenous-americans.html

Native American tribes such as Mi'kmaq, Ojibwe, Cherokee, Cree, Choctaw, Sioux, ... Indigenous Amerindian Y-DNA haplogroups (inherited in the paternal line) ...

 

by Frank Gill G2G Astronaut (2.2m points)
+4 votes
Here is a woman who is M'kmaq

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Unknown-182545

Click on the MitoSearch ID of her mtDNA tested direct maternal line descendant to see her mtDNA results.
by Peter Roberts G2G6 Pilot (543k points)
edited by Peter Roberts
Thank you but I don't think it would tell me anything I want to know, as mine would be on my paternal side. Specifically, I have an ancestor that was a Stickland/Strickland. I've heard that she may have been descended from Mi'kmaq ancestors.
+2 votes
Hi, there is a Mi'kmaq dna project on family tree dna, not sure how they work but worth a read https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/chegau-mikmaq/about

Also if you haven't already it's worth uploading your DNA test results to gedmatch so all interested historians can see them and use the tools there.

Now to see if you and i match on DNA :) as i have Nova Scotia ancestry.
by Paula Dea G2G6 Mach 5 (59.9k points)
Thank you! That link is great and I definitely plan on writing to that person.

So do we match on DNA? I'm  already on gedmatch! One of my nunbers is M181356. I think. I'm going off the top,of my head.
Nope unfortunately not, but always worth a comparison with other people on here just in case
+3 votes
Roberta Estes has a relevant blog post here:  http://dna-explained.com/2015/03/31/finding-your-american-indian-tribe-using-dna/

Something that I would recommend in addition to testing autosomal DNA of various family members is to test the mtDNA for the matrilines that are in question.  For those matrilines involving Newfoundland, there is a mtDNA project that can be joined:  https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/nfld-lab-mt-dna/about
by David Pike G2G Rookie (290 points)
Thank you for the link. Unfortunately, I don't think I know anyone in the matrilineal line. :(
+1 vote
One way would be to do DNA testing and look at your matches that have Native American Ancestry. One halogroup that is so far just Mi'kmaq is A2f1a. So if you cousin has this in their tree it would be easier to figure your mutual relationship.
by Erika Schoene G2G Crew (390 points)
0 votes

I'd counsel a combination of DNA testing, careful family tree work, and a very healthy scepticism of family history.

My experience is that a lot more people claim Native American ancestry than actually have it. I have two ancestors, one in Nova Scotia and one in Newfoundland, who I was told, definitively, were Mi'kmaq. DNA tests of my mother show her to be completely European. And this was pretty  much verified by the family tree I assembled:

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Butt-513 

My father *does* have a very small amount of Native ancestry, but the 'Native' great-grandmother also turns out to be nothing of the sort, once you start following the records.

https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Weston-1210

Family history is a good place to start, but it's not very reliable. So follow the evidence.


 

by Brad Foley G2G6 Mach 4 (46.6k points)
edited by Brad Foley
0 votes
You mentioned that the DNA from the Mick-Maq native tribe came through your Father's line.  In order for you to view this line specifically you will need to have a Brother' "Y" chromosome DNA done.  Females will not have Y DNA  only "X" and the maternal Mitochondrial DNA.  This is the way I have had my Father's line shown to me.

Regards,

Julie
by
In addition to the above information, results from DNA studies on this Mick-Maq Tribe show R1-A Haplogroups.  This particular Group R1A can be traced back to the Northern Kingdom of ancient Israel, specifically to the Tribe of Joseph of the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel who deceded from Abraham and his son Isaac whose name was changed to "Israel".  It was Israel who had the 12 Tribes of Israel which were prophesied to be scattered throughout the whole world as a consequence of their disobedience.  This leads us to the fact that this Native Tribe are Hebrews.  Many archeological finds have proven this fact.  This conclusion can then be drawn.  The conclusion is that Hebrew people's lived anciently on this land and arrived here by ship.  The civilization resided in Lower Canada, Michigan, New York and islands in the St. Lawrence Seaway.  The era of time can be documented to be 600 BC to 400 AD.  There are videos currently on "YOUtube" if you look up "Hebrew lost tribes and Nephites."  

Regards,

 

Julie Jean Castro

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