Thanks for the explanation Peter. What I meant by diverge is what you explained, in other words Pat and Carol share Eva as a maternal ancestor and their lines diverge from each other at Mary and Carol.
In my case, Perine Rau is my 10x great grandmother, so someone would need to presents a matching mtDNA test who decended from Perine's daughter Catherine instead of Perine's daugther Jeanne, from who I decend, to be able to consider Perine as a confirmed direct maternal line, correct?
So, if a second cousin of mine who shares my maternal g-grandmother was tested and found to match my mtDNA, it would only confirm the maternal line up to our g-grandmother, not any higher. To clarify what I meant by diverge, my second cousin and I both decend from Perine Rau (on paper), but our lines diverge at our shared g-grandmother.
On the topic of terminology, is there a good resource for beginners like me just getting into DNA for genealogy for getting a better grasp of the terminology and the details of the technology?
Now that I think I understand the question, I can offer this suggestion to get your answer:
In theory, it should be possible to query the wikitree database to find the mtDNA tested wikitree users with the most distant shared maternal ancestor. As users, we don't have the capability to run such queries (for good reasons!), so it would have to be done by management.
A cool feature for wikitree would be to occasionally run such a query for both mtDNA and yDNA tested users to update a page with top 5 or top 10 list of most distant DNA proven ancestors. I'll suggest this to Chris.