Is Pawalin Cornblossom Doublehead Troxel a myth?

+8 votes

Pawalin Cornblossom Doublehead Troxel, did she exist? Is she a myth? Can we thrash this out once and for all? I admit to having spent many hours searching for any proof of her existence and have come up empty handed. Her name first appears in print in 1958 in a novel Legion of the Lost Mine by Thomas Troxel who states that many of the characters in his book are fictional. No one has offered any genealogical proof of her existence. Websites are mentioned as are books, but not a single source. Let's try to settle this in a scholarly manner. 

WikiTree profile: Cornblossom Cherokee
in Genealogy Help by Jeanie Roberts G2G6 Pilot (144k points)
Jacob Troxell’s daughter Elizabeth (Troxel-109) Vaughn, her husband and children are all here in Wikitree.  Her mother is unknown, but Elizabeth was born in Maryland or Virginia before the family moved West.
Hi Mitch,

I just became aware of the Cornblossom controversy. Never heard of her until two days ago. I read about the call for DNA samples so I forwarded my raw DNA data to GED Match. Will they know what to do with it in regards to this matter?
Hi Dwayne,

I never did find out anything about the DNA project that I saw a reference to. I have quite a few DNA relatives that share Chief Doublehead as a common ancestor, only one lists Cornblossom as this person's ancestor. I suspect that this person and I are related, but probably not through Doublehead. I'll see what GED Match has to say. I'm not that adept at using GED Match, but I do have my DNA posted on Ancestry, MyHeritage, 23&me as well as GED Match. I am descended from Alcy Doublehead.
I think the Cornblossom DNA project went defunct long ago.  There is a Brock DNA project and the Brock descendants have a great Facebook group.  As I’m sure you know, Doublehead has many well-documented modern- day descendants. Almost all are through his daughters,
I don't have a dog in this fight. Didn't grow up with a Cornblossom legend in my family. Never heard of her until this week.

A couple of things come to this old sheriff's detective's mind. The Cornblossom believers seem adamant that they heard the story long before the book was published in 1958 (any body have a copy?) Seems like they should make a serious effort to harvest and assemble in one file as much information about the passers of the information as possible as well as dates they lived. By doing so, they may stumble on new evidence or unmask the originator of a giant hoax.

It's interesting that the complete lack of documentation that Cornblossom lived is matched by the lack of documentation of any other first wife/consort of Jacob Troxel (l). Somebody had those babies!

Don't know how much effort has gone into locating an alternative to Cornblossom, but that may be the easier form of evidence to find. If Jacob Troxel's children were illegitimate, no recorded wife, so much the harder.

I'm not a genealogist. I have no idea what type of government or church records existed in that era. A family bible or letters between family members would be handy. It doesn't seem that locating military records of Jacobs service would prove anything.

Does anyone know the extent of any search for an alternative mother for Jacob's children? I'd be glad to help if it could be done online.

Dwayne Troxel
Wikitree researchers have done

massive amounts of research and posted here on Wikitree.  Jacob Troxell was a well-documented grandson of a “Pennsylvania Dutch,” i.e. German family who lived in Frederick, Maryland and Loudoun, Virginia on opposite sides of the Potomac River before moving to Kentucky.  Women were not named in census records until 1850 (unless they were the head of household), so although the Troxells are enumerated they are not named individually.


We did an extensive analysis here, touching on many of the points you raise:

The 1958 fictional document is linked to from within that document, but to save you time, you can find it at the end of a compilation here:

Scroll to image 103 for the start of the book.

Cornblossom does not exist. She is a fictional character made up for a book. Just like Aaron Brock is not Chief Redbird. Sizemore, Troxel’s, Brock’s are not Descendant of Cherokee or any other Native American Group, it was a book. For which the writer has confessed that it was all a made up lie for a book. There are so many false lines showing this “fake book” as true. Anyone with Brock, Sizemore, Troxel, Dragging Canoe, MoyToy, Cornblossom are all made up false lines.
Thanks, AH GWY,

We've come to the same conclusion, and hopefully the various affected profiles here on WikiTree already reflect this understanding. If you find a profile that does not yet do so, please bring it to our attention.
Matt. Aren’t you Lucy Blevins Duley’s great grandson?

7 Answers

+7 votes
Best answer

Bottom line:

Cornblossom was a myth created in 1958 by a Troxel descendant, then further mythologized in 1975 by a publicist for the National Parks service  . Prior to that time, there is no independent evidence of her existence. If anyond can find such evidence, there are many people who would like to know of it.

The only known parent of Katy Troxel is Jacob per her marriage bond. He has been assumed to be the Jacob Troxel born 1758/9 in Frederick, MD and who was in Kentucky around the time Katy married there .

This Jacob’s only known spouse is Elizabeth who sought a widow’s pension in 1843. IF the 56-year-old Elizabeth Troxel of the 1850 DeKalb county census is this same widow, then she was not Jacob’s first wife nor mother of Katy. 

by Jillaine Smith G2G6 Pilot (929k points)
selected ago by Kathie Forbes
I am a descendant of Katy Troxel and my relatives have talked about an "Indian princess" called Cornblossom in our family since long before 1958. While I have no proof of Cornblossom's existence, I can attest that Thomas Troxel did not invent her in Legion of the Lost Mine even though his may be the first published account of her.
Todd, anything you can find concerning the origins of this family legend is much appreciated.
I too am a princess cornblosscor descendent through the bells.  And same here, although we don't have documentation we did know we came from a Indian princess long before that book.  My grandpa was a striking image of a Cherokee even not being full blooded.  So my question is.. where did we come from and why is my family tree so elaborate?  Why would someone go to the trouble of making a family tree with a fake Indian story and confuse 100s of said fake Indians offspring for generations?  None of this makes sense.  I get the Yahoo falls being a sketchy stoey but still where did we come from??
Brandi, If you can find evidence of Cornblossom's story prior to the 1958 book, many people would like to know.

it's wholly possible that you have Native American ancestry. But if so, it wasn't through "Cornblossom". If you've read that Google doc, you'll see there are so many holes in the various stories that's it's pretty clear someone(s) used very active imaginations and fictionalized a great deal. Jacob Troxel clearly had a wife, and they clearly had children. But we currently know nothing about her identity.

And.... hang around genealogy long enough and you'll find MANY examples of people making things up so they could claim ancestry from specific people or groups of people.
Perhaps there isn't much documentation with the government because see didntd want to go on the trail of tears or be murdered?
Brandi, the Trail of Tears did not take place until 1838. Cornblossom is claimed to have died in 1810.

I am also a descendant of Jacob Troxel.  My grandmother was a Blevins.  Princess Cornblossom was talked about long before this book was published by Mr. Troxel.  My grandmother, Lucy Blevins was born in the late 1800’s.  We are direct descendants from Chief DoubleHead.   Some of my family has a printed book with the complete history but unfortunately I never got a copy of it.
+3 votes

I'm not sure why Les Blevins won't engage here on G2G, but I am going to copy and paste some of his claims here, so maybe others can join in. 


1. It is important to note that the dates cited for most 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, and some 19th century American Indian marriages, births, and deaths are, at best, approximations. For example: CORNBLOSSOM was reported to have been the daughter of the second wife of DOUBLEHEAD (TALTSUSKA), and about twelve years old in 1779 and eight years old at the signing of the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals in 1775, which would place her birth sometime around 1767. Although Cornblossom is not a Cherokee word, there is a Delaware word, PAWALIN, which means CORNBLOSSOM and it is a Delaware surname given to women. PAWALIN literally translates as “CORNBLOSSOM FALLS OFF.”

The above is the position of;Kenneth Barnett Tankersley, Ph.D., Department of Anthropology, University of Cincinnati.

by Jeanie Roberts G2G6 Pilot (144k points)
The above information comes from Les Blevins, he has posted it to the Cornblossom profile. My questions for him include:

1. You state that Cornblossom was reported as being the daughter of Doublehead. Where, when and who made this report? Are you speaking of an actual document? Or are you just quoting a website or book?

2. There is no Delaware language. The Delaware Indians speak Lenape. There is no Lenape word for Cornblossom and on the Lenape language website, the word Pawalin is not recognized as a word in the Lenape language. see

3. If Jacob Troxel married "Cornblossom" prior to 1790, who did they meet? A Maryland farmer and a Cherokee girl from Tennessee?
Also, a note on the writings of Kenneth Tankersley. He might have a Phd, but he is no genealogist. I have not seen any documentation for his claims. In fact much of what he has written has been disputed by the Cherokee. The Yahoo Falls Massacre is a total historical fabrication.

The blog Ancestor Stealing has some information on Tankersley and his research.

Jeanie, please link to the Ancestor Stealing blog. 

I’m trying to find the origins of these various claims, including the ones that Les Blevins seems to be referring to.  I googled Kenneth Tankersley (PhD and member of a Shawnee tribe/nation) and found a copy the article containing the description of cornblossom and the Yahoo falls massacre:

The article includes no footnotes— something I find rather surprising for an academic— but does appear to include a list of references at the end, one of which is the work of Daniel Troxell. With a link:

This appears to be an extract from the larger book by Troxell. It, too, excludes source citations making it impossible to independently verify the claims he makes. 

There is a link to a Daniel Troxell web page in this last article but the link is dead.


Search for Tankersley or cornblossom and it will take you to the article.
I also added to jacob Troxell’s profile a link to Wikipedia about Ywahoo (that spelling) Falls Massacre and that article also questions the legitimacy of the  massacre as well.

The following was recently posted to the profile of ‘Cornblossom.’  “Tankersley wrote "At Port Vincennes, Jacob Troxell befriended a young Cherokee warrior about his same age from the Cumberland River valley, Tukaho Doublehead, son of Taltsuska (Doublehead) and Creat Priber. Doublehead was born in McCreary County, Kentucky, son of Wilenawa (Great Eagle), grandson of Moytoy, and great-grandson of Amatoya Moytoy—a fourth generation Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation. Tukaho invited Jacob Troxell to his village, Tsalachi, which was located near present-day Burnside, Kentucky. In the summer of 1779, Doublehead welcomed his son’s new friend and invited him to stay and trade with his people. Not long afterwards, Jacob Troxell became smitten over Pawalin, one of Doublehead’s four daughters."

Here are the actual documented facts:   In the winter of 1777, according to his Revolutionary War pension application, (available at Fold3) eighteen year old Jacob Troxell was drafted into service for a period of about one month.  The following year, again in winter, Jacob enlisted at a place he recalled as Red Stone.  His commanding officers were Capt. Ford and Col. Crawford.  In 1778, Jacob marched from Red Stone Old Fort to Fort McIntosh on the banks of the Ohio River.  There he joined the regulars under the command of Col. Crawford and Gen. McIntosh.  On Nov. 19, 1778, the General and his troops left the fort and headed into Indian territory, with the objective of destroying the settlement at Detroit. The expedition failed and the soldiers suffered through the winter. Jacob was with Col. Crawford and Gen. McIntosh for about six months before he returned home to Virginia.  This action is well-documented at

While Jacob Troxel was in Ohio engaged in the expedition to Detroit, Dragging Canoe, Doublehead, and the other Chickamauga warriors were hundreds of miles away, assisting the British at Fort Vincennes, in what is now Indiana.  The following is from John Brown’s Old Frontiers pp. 171-173

"During the years 1777 and 1778 Henry Hamilton conducted an energetic Indian warfare against the American frontier.  He offered substantial rewards for American scalps and was hated by the frontiersmen, who called him the 'Hair Buyer'.' .... Hamilton called an assembly of all Indian chiefs who were friendly to the British to be held at the mouth of the Tennessee River early in 1779.  Hamilton planned to use Dragging Canoe's forces as the spearhead of the proposed offensive.  By the end of 1778 the Chickamauga band numbered a thousand warriors.  ...  Hamilton's plans received a rude jolt when George Rogers Clark conquered the Illinois country.  Hamilton advanced against Clark in October, 1778, and retook Fort Vincennes; but Clark, in a winter campaign, surprised Vincennes, captured the "Hair Buyer"," and sent him a prisoner to Virginia."  ....  On Jan. 8, 1779 [Va Governor] Henry wrote to Governor Caswell of North Carolina, asking for cooperation in a campaign for the destruction of the Chickamauga towns. "

 In the spring of 1779 soldiers under Virginian Evan Shelby systematically destroyed the Chickamauga towns. 

Recent private email communications between myself and Kenneth Tankersley, author of the various works being cited for claims about Cornblossom, suggest that he stands only by his peer-reviewed, hard-copy, published research: "I have never published anything about Jacob Troxel." 

When asked about the article under his name posted on the Kentucky Heritage web site (the long piece most frequently cited for all his Doublehead/Cornblossom/Troxel claims), he pointed out that this was a report to the commission and was never published. 

Tankersley had stronger language about anything else online and also concluded that only genetics could prove genealogical relationships.

He soundly refused further email communications about the topic.

Bottom line interpretation on my part: Tankersley does not stand behind what he wrote for the Kentucky Heritage commission and that anything we find online associated with him should not be relied upon as a source for anything about this set of profiles.

I agree with your interpretation Jillaine. Tankersley, seems to be backpedaling on his claims. The article was written over ten years ago, and possibly does not reflect well on his current status.

His comments about genealogy were rather derogatory, implying that genealogy was dead, and genetics will solve all our ancestor questions. Shows his ignorance on both topics.
Update: the Kentucky Heritage web site has removed Tankersley's report!
Progress! Thanks for posting this.

While removed from the Kentucky Commission web site, the article is still findable thanks to's WayBack machine:

UPDATE 25 June 2020: This paper has apparently been removed from the Council’s web site. An archived copy may be found via’s WayBack Machine here.

+5 votes
Here is the article about the false documentations of this Cornblossom  daughter and about yahoo falls etc
by Arora Anonymous G2G6 Pilot (169k points)
Just because someone faked the Yahoo falls story doesn't mean she is fake.  Is there some way we can prove through dna?  I'm game for that I'd love to to know what I am

Brandi, it's not just the Yahoo Falls massacre that is fake-- a slew of things related to this tradition have been shown to be false. Please review our 2017 analysis of the various claims:

It is fake because a few of you got together and done some research and decided it was untrue?  It doesn’t work like this.  There had to be something substantial that happened there in that particular area for so much uproar.  It has continued on for decades.  Native Americans are very good at historical facts and accuracy.  They might have told the story in a different language but I definitely believe it happened!
I don’t believe this.  If “someone “ can lie about Cornblossom, they can lie about this!

A few of us spent a significant amount of time trying to confirm the story, to find contemporaneous records for the MANY claims made about Cornblossom, Jacob Troxel and Doublehead, among others.  We didn't "decide" the various claims were untrue. The evidence we discovered revealed the claims to be untrue.

Have you read the analysis?  

Carrie, if you're referring to the Ywahoo Falls Massacre, please take a look here as well:

We're not the only ones questioning the massacre.

No ma’am. I was referring to the existence of Cornblossom.  

Jacob Troxel is my 4th grandfather and he was married to Elizabeth   But what people do not consider is Cornblossom was not 100% Cherokee.  Elizabeth was denied Jake’s pension because of paperwork   Jonathan Blevins, Talton Blevins are my grandfathers   The spelling of their name is incorrect. I’m going to post a document but it is in two sections   Too long…. 

Again, remember my Elizabeth Cornblossom was my grandmother, Lucy’s grandmother   

1st part… 

State of Tennessee
Marion County – County Court August Session 1832

On the 22nd day of August 1832 personally appeared in open Court before the worshipful Justices of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the County of Marion and the State of Tennessee now sitting, being a court of record, Jacob Troxel, a resident of Marion County and State of Tennessee, aged about 73 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth make on his oath the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed Jun 7th 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and have as herein after served as herein after stated, to wit: First: He was drafted in Loudoun County in the state of Virginia in the winter he believes of the year 1777, his captain's name he can not recollect He with the company to which he belonged was ordered to guard and conduct some prisoners taken from the British to the lower parts of Virginia which services he performed then returned to Loudoun County and was dismissed by his officers but got no discharge was in service something more than one month. In the winter (as well as he can recollect), of the year 1778 he volunteered in a horse company at a place called Red Stone, the name of the county not recollected, he believes in the state of Virginia. His officers were Captain Ford and Colonel Crawford the same that was afterwards burned by the Indians Marched to Fort McIntosh and there joined the regulars commanded by Colonel Campbell and General McIntosh had the command of the troops and marched against the Shawnees and Delaware Indians after remaining at a Fort the name of which he does not recollect he returned and was dismissed by his officers about harvest in the same year after having served six months got no discharge. In the summer of the year 1781 he was drafted in Loudoun County and state of Virginia, His officers were Captain Lewis and Colonel West. He joined the troops under General Washington who was marching to York Town in Virginia and remained under Washington until after Lord Cornwallis was taken and for some time afterwards and was then dismissed by Captain Lewis some time in the fall of the same year after having been in service six months but got no discharge. He knows of no person living by which he can prove his services. He was acquainted with General Washington and Colonel Campbell and officers of the regular Army besides other officers whose names he does not recollect. He was born (from the best information he can collect) in the year 1759 in the county of Frederick in the state of Maryland and lived there 13 years and removed to Loudoun County state of Virginia where he lived 19 years removed back to the state of Maryland and remained there 4 years, removed to Sullivan County in the state of Tennessee and remained there 4 years, removed to Sevier County in the state of Tennessee and remained there 3 years removed to Pulaski County, Kentucky and remained there 2 years removed to Wayne County Kentucky and remained there about 20 years and removed to Jackson County Alabama and remained there 4 years and from there he removed to Marion County in the State of Tennessee where he has lived about 4 years. He states that he is known in his neighborhood to John Hail, Luke Hendrox, esquire, Richard Blevins, Josiah Conn a clergyman, James Cooper and Tarton Blevins who can testify as to his character for veracity and their belief of his services as a soldier of the revolution. He states that he has no record of his age nor never has seen one. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity except the present and declare that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Jacob Troxell

2nd part…
Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.

Jacob Troxell

We, Josiah Conn a clergyman, a resident of the county of Marion and John Hail and Richard Blevins, residents of the same county hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Jacob Troxell who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration that we believe him to be 73 years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the revolution and we concur in that opinion .

Sworn and subscribed the day and year aforesaid

Josiah ConnJohn HailRichard Blevens
And the said court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation of the matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War Department that the above named applicant was a revolutionary soldier and as he states. And the court further certifies that it appears to them that Josiah Conn, who has signed this proceeding ________ is a clergyman resident in the county of Marion and that John Hail and Richard Blevins ____ has signed the same, are residents of the same county and are creditable persons and that their statements are ____ to credit.
John Mitchell
Amos Griffith

I, John P. Kellly, Clerk of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for Marion County do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original proceedings of the said court in the matter of the application of Jacob Troxel for a pension.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and private seal of office for the time being no seal of office ____ at office in Jasper this 23tr day of August 1832 .

Jno Kelly, Clk
Also in the file is a letter from the Treasury Department dated 25 April 1916 to the Commissioner of Pensions reading:

Sir: In reply to your letter of the 21st instant, you are informed that according to the latest account rendered by the U.S. Pension Agent at Knoxville, Tennessee, the records of this office show last payment to have been made to Jacob Troxel, Pri. Army Rev, certificate No. 19080, at $43.33 per annum to July 1, 1843, the date of his death, to William O. Winston, Attorney for Elizabeth Troxel, widow.
Said pensioner died in Dekalb County, Alabama, where he had resided.

Respectfully, Oscar A. Price, Auditor
There was also a letter from the Treasury Department dated Sept. 9, 1845 to the Commissioner of Pensions, giving the same information as above.
There is a brief listing of Jacob's three terms of service, and several questions. One was:
In what battles was he engaged? the answer -- none.
There were also several letters written over the years from private citizens (descendants) inquiring about Jacob's service in the Revolution. Records of one only Jacob Troxell, Pension claim R 10777 Claim states tha he ws born 1759 in Fredericks County Maryland, lived there 13 years,then in Louden County Virginia. He first enlisted in the winter of 1777, second in the winter of 1778 in Captain Ford's Company, Colonel Crawford's Virginia Regiment under General McIntosh's expedition against the Indians. 3rd, 6 months in Captain Lewis Compan, Colonel West VA regiment. He lived in Louden County Virginia about 19 yrs, moved back to Maryland for 4 years then to Sullivan County Tennessee for 4 yrs, then to Sevier County Tennessee for 3 yrs, thence to Pulaski County Kentucky for 20 yrs (he lived in the part of Pulaski that became Wayne in 1804 ) then to Jackson County Alabama for 4 yrs to Marion County Tennesee and finally he died July 1, 1843 in Dekaulb County Alabama where he resided. He was survived by his widow, Elizabeth, who was denied a pension, probably because she could not document their marriage. Jacob was granted a pension of $43.33 per year. The date of the petetion was August 23, 1832, Jacob was 75 yrs old. 

1835 TENNESSEE PENSIONERS ROLL ( Revolutionary War )
DATE STARTED: August 2, 1833 
AGE: 75 
Jacob supposedly married ( 2nd) Elizabeth Blevins. There is also Blevin's who signed or witnessed in Jacob Troxell's pension. There are also Elisha, Johnathan and John Blevins who listed in 1819 settler's on Indian lands in Marion County Tennessee. There is also a WILLIAM TRUSSELL who lists on the 1836 Tax list for Marion County Tennessee. Could this have been William Troxell

 Many people overlook the fact that throughout this particular era in history, Native Americans were assigned common English names like Thomas, William, Sarah, Elisabeth, etc., as you search through the archives you will begin to see the Native American names disappear.  (It does on my family tree.). Beginning throughout the 1700s, all of this reached the point of its height around the year 1750 and continued until the 1800s. I don't believe this requires an authoritative citation. There might have been two Elizabeths. Nobody can completely deny something without knowing. All we have is what has been recorded and what was communicated to us.  Unfortunately, this didn't work. Not all of it was recorded.It’s sad, because Native Americans were seen as the lowest class of people. 

Elizabeth, the wife of Jacob Troxell at the time of his death (and the one who unsuccessfully sought a widow's pension), was not his first wife, nor the mother of most of his children (who were born 1781-1800). Elizabeth's age, based on census records, calculates to a 1794 birth year. So she could not have been mother of those earlier Troxell children.

She is thought by some to be Elizabeth Blevins who at the age of 14 married Christian Steele in Wayne Co., KY with the permission of her father.  

Edited to add: The name of the first wife of Jacob Troxell and the mother of his children born between 1781-1800 remains unknown.

+4 votes
No she is not a myth she was my 6th Grandmother.
+4 votes
I am a direct descendant and I grew up not far from where the massacre happened.  I have visited the place and her husbands “Big Jake” grave marker.  Yes, it is factual
Sorry, but no one is buried where the grave marker is placed, it was put there to attract tourists to the site.  Jacob Troxell died in Alabama in 1843.
How do you know this?  Could it be a myth he died in Alabama?

Please read this document for the facts and sources regarding the Troxells:  Claim Origins - Troxel Cornblossom Doublehead and More - Google Docs

Jacob's Revolutionary War pension application describes his Rev. War experience, that he joined the troops under General Washington in 1781 marching to Yorktown, Virginia and remained under Washington until after Lord Cornwallis was taken and for some time afterwards and was then dismissed by Captain Lewis some time in the fall of the same year after having been in service six months.  His pension file also lists his date and place of death since his widow applied to continue his pension.

I’ve read the facts, plus I’m a descendant of the Troxel, Blevins linage. My grandmother was a Blevins.  Why is it so important to disprove something rather than let it go.   I am also in the area in a little town, you may have heard of it, Oak Ridge,…. And I am completely 100% up on facts all the way to Cavetts Station to Kearns …  In the Oklahoma historical records, Cornblossom is recognized.   

I am not concerned with people not believing the accuracy of my linage.  At some point all of our forefathers stop being recorded and no one exactly can trace back to where and when….   Have a great evening!
Genealogy is supposed to be based on facts, not fiction.  Perpetuating fictions about Native American people and history is not harmless. Taking the history and ancestors of real people and turning them into something they were not allows people to obscure or ignore the truth and encourages cultural appropriation.  Claiming another persons' ancestors and/or history is never appropriate.
I definitely agree with you, but making a claim that a person never existed because you don’t see them “listed” on paper is just as derogatory.   My Grandmother was a Blevins born in 1893 and knew about Cornblossom, my father was born in 1929 and knew about Cornblossom long before that book was ever composed.  I grew up knowing about her. You can look in the Kentucky historical archives and read about her.
Please read all the information at

A long-standing family story does not make something a fact. For unknown reasons millions of Americans claim a Native American ancestor who either never existed or was not their ancestor.  Nothing about Jacob Troxell's documented history matches the claims about Cornblossom.  There is absolutely nothing to support the claims about the "Ywahoo Falls" massacre.  Doublehead's life is well documented, he had several living children at the time of his death which is also well-documented. They were involved in legal actions regarding the property he owned when he was killed so there are affidavits from his contemporaries.  Jacob Troxell and his wives had many children, most of whom are also well-documented as are their descendants, but none of whom had or have any connection to any Cherokee or Native American person.  Jacob's Revolutionary War pension - in his own words - does not support any of the "Cornblossom" claims.
We can definitely disagree about this and neither be affected.  Have a great weekend!
Carrie you asked if Jacob's death in Alabama might also be a myth. His pension files indicates he was in DeKalb, Alabama at the time of his death.
+3 votes

I am a long-distance descendant of Berthena Hager (circa 1779-1880), daughter of Johann Philip Hager, Sr. (c1725-c1807) and Sarah (after 1725-after 1784), and wife of Charles Buckhannon Spurlock (1779-1856), also known as “Barthena Dial Hager.”

 A now defunct online source reported some years ago that Sarah “Sally” (maiden name unknown) Hager was a full-blooded Cherokee and a daughter of Tuckahoe, a Cherokee Chief.  No source was given, but the story appears taken from “The Murder of Tuckaho,” which can still be found online.  Sarah Hager was reported a daughter of Tuckahoe, son of Doublehead and the brother of Cornblossom (1768-unknown).  Tuckahoe was reportedly killed by white men over a secret silver mine and that “Princess Cornblossom” had avenged his death.

 “The Murder of Tuckaho” was reportedly taken from A History of the Daniel Boone National Forest by Robert F. Collins. (1975).  I have a copy of that pamphlet, published by the U. S. Forest Service.  There were variations but the story was essentially the same.

 Another website indicated the story in the Forest Service pamphlet was based on the book Legion of The Lost Mine by Thomas Troxel (1958), which it described as “mythical.”  This website mentions other sources I haven’t been able to find – but I do have a a copy of Legion of the Lost Mine through an inter-library loan and will have it for 2 or 3 weeks.  I am willing and able to answer questions about this book.

 I don’t know enough to express an opinion of the life of Cornblossom and Tuckahoe, but having read Legion of the Lost Mine I can state the following.  In the forward, the author states:  The names of some of the characters are fictitious, and any resemblance these may have to those of persons now living is purely coincidental.”  On the first page of this very small book he writes:  “According to legend, he [Doublehead] had one daughter, Cornblossom, who was the undisputed queen of all the regions unto the end of the grate river.”  In his acknowledgements he notes the contribution of several historians but in the entire book there is only one footnote citing a source.  Finally, this book reads more like a teenage romance novel that an historical text.  Conclusion; at best, this book is historical fiction, and cannot be used as genealogical evidence.

 The single source citation notes that the lost mine story can be found in Collins’ History of Kentucky (also known as Collins’ Historical Sketches of Kentucky) under the subject of Swift Silver Mine.  This book (Volume 2) is available on the Internet Archives website, and it does mention such a mine, but in reference to five or six different counties.  It does mention Cherokee Indians in one version but none are named.  The version in Lost Mine is only very loosely based on this work.

As for Barthena Hager and her mother Sally, I can find no evidence of Sally's connection to any native tribe.

by Jim Claunch G2G Rookie (290 points)


We covered all this (including reviewing Collins' work) in our 2017 analysis that you might want to read:

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