23andMe from my father - Y Chromosome?

+5 votes
My father, unfortunately, passed two years ago, leaving only myself and my sister. Luckily (in a sense), he had done his DNA test through 23andMe's Parkinson's Project.

I believe I was reading here that wikitree cannot pull the Y Chromosome data from the 23andMe results - is that true? And if so, is there any way to get his Y Chromosome data? He does have one brother left living (though dealing with him is difficult), would I have to go through my Uncle to get these results?
in Genealogy Help by Lauren Demko G2G1 (1.3k points)

2 Answers

+4 votes
You can enter his 23&Me DNA test info into WikiTree, including the haplogroups he received.  That way, anyone else can visually compare haplogroups with their own.  That's about all you can do with 23&Me yDNA and mtDNA haplogroups.

Someone else with 23&Me experience may have better knowledge of what you can download from them.  I doubt there is any STR info, but there *might* be yDNA SNP's listed.
by Rob Jacobson G2G6 Pilot (127k points)
+5 votes
If you have access to your father's account, you can download his raw data. It will contain the Y SNPs used to define his haplogroup. Haplogroups are very broad clusters of men who share a common ancestor from thousands of years ago.

If you want more specific results for the genealogical time frame, you need a Y STR test from Family Tree DNA (currently on sale). Your uncle would have the same (or very similar) results as your father would, as would any known cousin carrying the surname.
by Ann Turner G2G6 Mach 1 (10.6k points)
Adding to Ann's answer, Lauren, a tactful (tactical?) attempt at convincing the difficult uncle to take a yDNA test at Family Tree DNA may be worthwhile for a second reason: they're the only major lab that stores the DNA sample to make it available for future testing. Their procedure is actually for the tester to provide two cheek-swabs inside two separate vials. If the first sample opened is viable, the second vial goes into long-term storage, but even the opened vial can be used repeatedly. My first test with them was in 2004. I checked recently, and an upgrade I ordered last month was the 16th individual test applied to that almost-14-year-old sample.

Mileage will vary, of course. Broad-scale, NextGen tests like the Big Y require more original material than the standard autosomal, yDNA, or mtDNA tests, so a new sample may be required for that unless the long-term vial is still undisturbed in storage. Too, if the first vial tried for the initial test contains a poor or inadequate sample, the lab will open vial number two to complete the test (the message there is SRRT: Swab Really, Really Thoroughly to make certain you have two very viable vials).

Our aging ancestors and close relatives won't be around forever. For genealogy--particularly in terms of autosomal results--getting their DNA tested is important because it puts us, generationally, closer to the ancestral connections we're researching. A test at FTDNA is sort of like a biological time capsule. A low-cost Family Finder autosomal test today ($59 right now), and that sample goes on file, allowing you to go back two, three, a half-dozen years from now and order a subsequent test.
Family Tree DNA also has the biggest database, so you are likely to find more matches there than anywhere else.
That statement needs qualification. FTDNA has the largest (and in fact the only) databases for Y-STR and mtDNA matching, but other companies have larger autosomal databases. FTDNA has never published the number of Family Finder records, but AncestryDNA has the most with over 6 million, followed by 23andMe with over 3 million, and probably MyHeritage with over 1 million.

However, if the OP does have access to her father's raw data from 23andMe, she could upload it to FTDNA and GEDmatch for autosomal matching.

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