I found this on Ancestry.com, but no reference to birthplace or parents. You may have seen this already. If so, sorry:
The husband of Catharine (Avinger) McCauley and father of Henry W. (b. @1863), Flora Bridget (b. @1868), and Catharine L. (b. @1870), in 1860, he was a tailor living in Shippensburg, Cumberland County. He stood 5' 7" tall and had dark hair and gray eyes.
A Civil War veteran, he had a unique, up-and-down military experience documented in such a way as to appear to have been two different men. He first enlisted and mustered into federal service at Harrisburg April 20, 1861, as a corporal with Co. B, 2nd Pennsylvania Infantry, and honorably discharged with his company July 21, 1861. He then enlisted in Chambersburg August 12, 1861, and mustered into federal service at Philadelphia August 21 as a private with Co. D, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry (108th Pennsylvania). He was promoted to corporal, date unknown, reduced to ranks April 2, 1862, re-promoted to corporal October 22, 1862, and again reduced to ranks in 1863. It appears that he transferred as an unassigned man to the 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry (although some records make it appear as a new enlistment), date unknown, transferred to Co. F, promoted to sergeant, date unknown, transferred to Co. C January 1, 1865, and transferred out June 6, 1865, but to where remains unknown. The War Department granted him the official discharge date of August 13, 1865, but did not do so until February 7, 1888.