What???Cite error 4; Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no name must have content

+3 votes
After cleaning up a profile and adding info, I get that error 4 message about invalid reference tag. refs with no name etc, etc,

I have NO IDEA what this means and have not found a good explanation, preferably with examples on how to fix it.

The last time I spent 30 min trying every combination I could think of and gave up in disgust. The message doesn't give a clue as to where the error actually is, what it is, or how to fix it. What does having NO NAME in the reference have to do with anything?

Where is the page telling us what these errors mean and explaining the process of repairing them. See Clute-112
WikiTree profile: Elizabeth Clute
in WikiTree Help by Bill Dunkley G2G6 (9.6k points)
retagged by Abby Glann

3 Answers

+5 votes
Best answer
The <ref > and </ref > tags are used to enter inline source citations in the Biography section, and the citations then appear in Sources section numbered in the order in which they occur in the Bio.  Your profile has a set of tags with no citation between them, so that's why the error is showing up.  There also appear to be other source citations shown in the Bio without the inline tags.  To make the inline sourcing all consistent, you need to put each individual source citation inside a pair of <ref > </ref > tags right after the statement in the Bio that the citation supports.  The alternative, if you don't want to use inline sourcing, is just to delete the set of tags that's there now.
by Dennis Barton G2G6 Pilot (432k points)
selected by Bill Dunkley
+4 votes
At the end of the last sentence in the Biography section, there are empty ref tags. Just delete them and all will be well.
by Patricia Roche G2G6 Pilot (459k points)
+4 votes
In the bio there is <ref></ref>. That's an empty ref tag, which needs to be removed.

As for the "no name" part, I think that's referring to the use of syntax like <ref name="something">A Source</ref>. Then later in the same profile you can use <ref name="something"/> to reuse the source without copying the whole thing.
by Lianne Lavoie G2G6 Pilot (423k points)
Welcome back Lianne!  Some of use have missed seeing your answers and comments on many G2G topics.
I like this.  However I got a message 'The biography has unmatched <ref> tags.' when I tried to save.  What can I do to avoid this?

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