In a previous thread it was stated, “It is interesting that Week St. Mary and Swannacote went to the Coleshills then to the Arundells. Joan Coleshill, daughter and eventual heir of Sir John Coleshill, married Refrew Arundell of Lanherne. In 1507, Katherine Granville married Sir John Arundell of Lanherne. This is the time period and the connection which most likely explanations how Week St. Mary and Swannacote came to the Granvilles in the 16th century.”
These kinds of assumptions have led to false conclusions regarding the lands held by Lord William Bonville in 1461 and passed down through the Grenville family. We find in the Will (written in March 1546) of Sir Richard Grenville (born c. 1495 – died 1550), who was the eldest son and heir of Sir Roger Grenville (d. 1523), the following concerning inherited lands. The Will’s abstract summary states, “TOGETHER WILL ALL HIS OTHER LANDS IN DEVON AND CORNWALL, HE LEAVES TO RICHARD HIS GRANDSON AND HIS MALE HEIRS.”
The grandson of Sir Richard Grenville (d. 1550) who is mentioned in the above Will is no other than Admiral Richard Grenville (b. 1542 – d. 1591). We know that Admiral Richard Grenville died in 1591 and per his IPM; he possessed lands and tenements in the parish of Week St. Mary.
Per the Will of Admiral Richard Grenville (b. 1542 – d. 1591) written 16 March1585, the transcript states, “And all that his manner of Swan’cott and Wykeborough. Togeather with all his landes, tenements, and hereditaments, rents, revertions, and service, lyinge or beyinge in the parish of Saint Marie Weke, or ellswhere within the county aforesaide.”
We also have evidence that Sir Thomas Grenville II, K.B. (d. 1513) owned the advowson for the Church in Week St Mary. Which explains how Sir Thomas Grenville II, K.B. was able to appoint his second son, John Grenville, as the Rector of Week St. Mary, the office John Grenville held for many years. This is confirmed in the following two references:
(1) Edinger & Neep. A Handbook of Church Law for the Clergy. (1928). “Legally, advowsons were treated as real property that could be held or conveyed, and conversely could be taken or encumbered, in the same general manner as a parcel of land. Advowsons were among the earliest incorporeal hereditaments, and often held in fee tail."
(2) Edinger & Neep. A Handbook of Church Law for the Clergy. (1928). (author states, “Advowsons were frequently used by lords and landowners as a means of providing a career and income for a younger son.”).
(3) Rowse, A.L. Sir Richard Grenville, (1937), (author states, “Sir Thomas had willed his son John … He was fortunately so disposed, and thus Kilkhampton came by its Rector (1524-1580) … he retained it, along with Launcells from 1533-1545, then with Week St.Mary till his death in 1580.").
The statement that Week St. Mary and Swannacote came to the Grenvilles by way of Sir John Arundell (d. 1545) is totally false, because if the Katherine Grenville marriage in 1507 to Sir John Arundell of Lanherne (d. 1545) was the connection that brought Week St. Mary and Swanancote to the Grenvilles in the 16th century, it would have passed to the heirs of their body. Sir John Arundell had two sons from his first marriage, who would have inherited any lands brought to this marriage. Additionally, Sir John Arundell (d. 1545) and Katherine Grenville had a daughter, Mary Arundell (d. 1557). Any lands brought to the Arundell family from the Coleshills would have passed to either Sir John Arundell, Jr., or Sir Thomas Arundell and their heirs.
Saying this was the connection that brought Week St. Mary and Swannacote to the Grenvilles is not true, because the manor of Swannacote and lands in Week St. Mary were held by Admiral Richard Grenville in 1591. Admiral Richard Grenville (d. 1591) was not a descendant or heir of Katherine Grenville and Sir John Arundell (d. 1545). So, we can say with certainty that Admiral Grenville did not inherit Swannacote and Week St. Mary from Sir John Arundell (d. 1545). Admiral Grenville was a direct descendant and heir of Sir Roger Grenville (d. 1523), who was a direct descendant and heir of Philippa (Bonville) Grenville (d. after 1464). Lands brought to the marriage of Katherine Grenville and Sir John Arundell would have been inherited by Sir John Arundell’s eldest son and heir by his first marriage, Sir John Arundell, Jr.
Again, per the IPM of Admiral Richard Grenville (d. 1591), it states that he possessed lands and tenements in the parish of Week St. Mary. Admiral Richard Grenville (d. 1591) was the direct heir and grandson of Sir Richard Grenville (d. 1550). Sir Richard Grenville (d. 1550) was the eldest son and direct heir of Sir Roger Grenville (d. 1523). Sir Roger Grenville (d. 1523) was the eldest son and direct heir of Sir Thomas Grenville II, K.B. (d. 1513). And Sir Thomas Grenville II, K.B. (d. 1513) was the grandson and direct heir of Philippa (Bonville) Grenville (d. after 1464). It is stated in Sir Richard Grenville’s (d. 1550) Will that he “HELD OTHER LANDS IN DEVON AND CORNWALL.”
We also find in the following reference:
The Western Antiquary: Devon & Cornwall. The Blanchminsters of Bien-Aime Castle, v. 12, (1893). (author states, “The last Earl of Bath died without issue 1711, and the estates in Devon and Cornwall, which had been in the male line of the family for many centuries, were claimed by two aunts … In later times the Grenvilles held the manors of Swannacote, Bynnamy, Ilcombe, Aldercombe, and other places, as well as Stow in the Hundred of Stratton. In 1776, when the property was thrown into the Court of Chancery, it was described as follows; ‘Stanbury, Pengelly, Widemouth, Binhamy, North Lee and Woodford, Kilkhampton Woods, Kilkhampton advowson, and Week St. Mary advowson.’ ").
The Grenville family held the advowsons for both Kilkhampton and Week St. Mary for many centuries. This is the official Court of Chancery record in 1776 listing the two advowsons of the Grenville family which they held for at least three centuries.
We also have the original statement by Roger Granville in the History of the Granville family:
Granville, Roger, (Rector of Bideford). History of the Granville Family Traced Back to Rollo, First Duke of the Normans, With Pedigrees etc., (1895): p. 57. (author states, “Lord Bonvill died possessed of the manors of Week St. Mary, Swannacote, and other tenements in the hundred of Stratton, in Cornwall, and the whole of this property came into William de Greynvill's possession by this marriage. Afterwards, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Swannacote was one of the principal seats of the Granville family.”)
So, we can say with great certainty that the marriage between Katherine Grenville and Sir John Arundell in 1507 did not bring the lands in Week St. Mary and Swannacote to the Grenville family! It is apparent that the lands in Week St. Mary held by Lord William Bonville in 1461 were inherited by the descendants of Philippa (Bonville) Grenville!