LNAB of child with unmarried parents who marry shortly thereafter and is acknowledged?

+7 votes
I have come across the names of several children that have birth records showing their unmarried mother's name as their last name.  Their father's name is cited on the birth record too.  Later, usually within the year, the parents get married and the father acknowledges (erkend, gewettigd or wettiging or some other words to that effect).

Should the LNAB be the mother's last name or the father's?  On future records (marriage, death, etc) these children use their father's last name.
in Genealogy Help by Kim de Groot G2G6 Mach 1 (12.3k points)
edited by Kim de Groot
I manage [[Bezuidenhout-755|exactly such a profile]]. The birth register actually describes the child as illegitimate. There is no option but to use the mother's maiden name as the LNAB.
Thank you!

2 Answers

+12 votes
Best answer
LNAB is exactly that,  their name at birth, if they change their name then this is noted as other last names
by Rionne Brooks G2G6 Mach 5 (58.3k points)
selected by Bea Wijma
For Dutch Profiles we decided to keep things ''easy'' for everyone, for LNAB we will use the last name or Patronymic, Metronymic mentioned at Birth, Baptism or the most early record. In this case the children were acknowledged (erkend, etc) later by father, so that will be the current last name. So LNAB=LNAB and all last names they used or adopted later will be current (the most recent or last one they used or were registered with) or other last names. Different spellings also are added to the other last name field to make them easier to find and to hopefully prevent duplicates. ;)

It of course isn't always easy, but this seemed to be the best way to deal with them all, it prevents confusion and is the most clear for everyone to have a simple guideline we all use, so the LNAB=LNAB (or if there really are no Birth/Baptism records the most early version this person used).

So even if a person was adopted..if the Birth parents are know and if there is a Birth Record they will receive their original LNAB. (unless there is a privacy issue of course, but for the older profiles this probably will not be the case)
+6 votes

As Rionne says below, the rule is to use the name on the birth record when the birth was registered. The only exception per Style and Standards (see Help: Name, Last Name at birth) is when "The person was adopted as an infant and they never used their birth name".

I have an issue with this as I think, in the case you mention, sticking to the very very first name on registration is not necessarily appropriate. I can't tell for other countries, but in France in such a case, if the parents marry (actually, even if they don't but the father still acknowledges the child), the name change is retroactive. The mother's family name is struck and replaced by the father's name, and if you look for the child's birth in index tables, you will see it only under the father's name (since those tables are usually built after the name change occurred). Legally, the original name never existed, and in practice, the child never used it.

I created at least two profiles with odd family names because I followed the WikiTree rule when creating them, rather than French law, and I'm not happy with them (these two people are notables known by an alias, making things even more complicated): Johnny Halliday and Roger Vadim.

I feel this rule would need to be clarified, if not re-evaluated for cases like these. 


by Isabelle Martin G2G6 Pilot (376k points)
In Sweden the choice is usually made easier - or more complicated, depending on your perspective - by the fact that in most parishes there is no last name in the birth/baptism book for the child - it's just assumed that they'll have a patronym or a family name after the father. Usually you don't find out what last name a child will have until they move away from their birth household. In cases like the above, this will usually, unsurprisingly, indicate the father that sooner or later married the mother. It MAY have been indicated in other ways earlier, in the household records, that this is a pre-marital child of the couple.

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