Did Jacques Dubois really have all those wives?

+4 votes

I'm just wondering if he really had all four of the wives attached to him.  He isn't in my direct line but he married my 6g grandmother Marguerite Castonguay Castonguay-5 on 3 Nov 1767 in Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, Kamouraska, Quebec, Canadamap and took her back to Memramcook with him.   That is documented, and that is how some of my DNA cousins are Acadien - her sons (Jacques' step-sons) married Acadian wives. So Marguerite Castonguay is one wife he really did have.  And he was a widower, so he definitely did have at least one previous wife.  

But there are three previous wives on his profile, none with sources to the marriage, and one of them, Anne Melanson, was still alive until 1805 when she died and was buried in Louisiana.  Did the Great Upheaval create situations where the separated spouses were allowed to marry again? But if she was in the Great Upheaval, how was she still in Acadia to get married to Jacques in 1761-ish?  Or did Jacques get deported as well, then abandon his family in Louisiana and make his way back north to remarry? Or is this Jacques Dubois being conflated with some other Jacques Dubois who really did marry some of those wives? 

I only noticed it through a Global Connections thing a while ago that caused me to get curious about Jacques' life before his connection with my family, but some of those marriages seemed a little off to me.  

Does any Acadian researcher know the facts of the matter?

WikiTree profile: Jacques Dubois
in Genealogy Help by Shirlea Smith G2G6 Pilot (131k points)

2 Answers

+3 votes
Best answer

This is definitely a case where there's just not enough sources to say one way or another, on either the WikiTree profile, or the "Dubois" family tree on the "History of the Acadians" site. I'm having the same problem as I go through my old Acadian profiles, trying to find sources. Absolutely 5(!) wives looks fishy, and I'd bet $10 that, over time, several distinct Jacques Dubois got conflated.

My general feeling is that SA White is considered pretty reliable, http://www.nosorigines.qc.ca has a lot of your standard public family tree errors, and I can't tell you anything about the Dubois site.

The only thing to do in these cases is 1) look for primary sources (or, at least, transcriptions of these sources); 2) otherwise find reputable secondary sources, like the "Stephen A. White, DICTIONNAIRE GENEALOGIQUE DES FAMILLES ACADIENNES" already cited on the WikiTree profile; 3) (maybe most importantly) spend a bit of time writing a biography, highlighting the quality of the sources and making a note of potential reservations you might have.


by Brad Foley G2G6 Mach 4 (43.9k points)
selected by Shirlea Smith
+2 votes

Hope this paragraph helps you with this situation.

I copied this and pasted it and am including the link so you can see if there is more. I have an interest in Louisiana.

Descendants of Jacques-Olivier DUBOIS (1766-?; ?)

Jacques-Olivier, called Jaco or Jacos and Olivier, son of Olivier Dubois and Marguerite Vallois, was born at Très-Ste.-Trinité, Cherbourg, France, in January 1766.  His mother may have been a Frenchwoman who was married to Pierre Dubois before she married Jacques's father Olivier, a sailor.  (One wonders if Olivier was an Acadian or a native of France like Marguerite.)  After his father died, his mother, when Jacques-Olivier was in his early teens, remarried again, to Acadian Étienne Térriot at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay near Nantes in November 1780.  She remarried yet again--her fourth marriage--to Acadian Zacharie Boudrot of Ste.-Famille, Pigiguit, at St.-Martin-de-Chantenay in September 1782.  By then, Jacques-Olivier probably had become a sailor like his father, but he did not choose to remain in France.  He followed his mother and new stepfather, along with a younger stepbrother, to Louisiana aboard L'Amitié, the fifth of the Seven Ships, in 1785.  He married Marie-Madeleine, daughter of Acadians Joseph-François Michel and Anne Daigle, at New Orleans in late November 1785 soon after he reached the colony.  Marie was a native of St.-Servan near St.-Malo and had come to Louisiana aboard Le St.-Rémi, the fourth of the Seven Ships, with her widowed mother and a sister, so Jacques may have known her in France, or perhaps they met in New Orleans soon after he reached the city.  They followed their families to upper Bayou Lafourche.  They may have lived for a time in New Orleans, where two of their children were baptized in the early 1790s.  If so, they returned to the upper Lafourche.  Their daughter married into the Pinel family.  Jacques-Olivier fathered eight sons.  His three youngest moved to the western prairies in the 1820s, creating a new center of family settlement, but his older sons remained on Bayou Lafourche.  The Duboiss of South Louisiana who are possibly Acadian are descended from Jacques-Olivier and his many sons. 



by Gigi Tanksley G2G6 Mach 3 (32.3k points)

Dubois-1603 was born in 1720, not 1766, to Jean Dubois and Ann Vincent, not Olivier Dubois and Marguerite Valois.

It looks like this is the father of the right person (from your link):

Jean Dubois, probably unrelated to the other Duboiss, born in France in c1700, reached Acadia by 1721, the year he married Anne, daughter of Michel Vincent, at Grand-Pré.  They settled at Grand-Pré before moving on the Petitcoudiac.  They had at least eight children.  At least two of them were born at Grand-Pré before the family moved to Petitcoudiac:  Jean-Pierre in February 1722, and Geneviève in December 1723.  Jean's son Honoré, born probably at Petitcoudiac in c1739, married Marthe, daughter of Charles Bélanger, at L'Islet, Québec, in May 1764 during Le Grand Dérangement.

Thank you, Brad!
Does anyone know if this site is reputable?  It suggests 5 wives for Jacques! http://www.acadian-cajun.com/dubois.htm

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