Does anyone know what BAX means?

+4 votes

For instance, in Sir Bernard Burke's A Genealogical & Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry, 1879;

fr Ironside (formerly BAX) on becoming possessed of the estate of his maternal family, which have been held by them since the year 1497, when purchased by Richard Ironside, the brother of his ancestor Robert Ironside, was authorized by royal license, dated 31 Aug. 1866, to take the surname and arms of Ironside.

Did he take his mother's surname? In 1866? But it says next;

The family of Ironside was settled at Houghton-le-Spring, co. Durham, at a very early period. In 1497, Richard Ironside, Esq. held lands there.

in Genealogy Help by J. Salsbery G2G6 Mach 3 (32.6k points)

Baxter International Inc


Last name: Baxter

SDB Popularity ranking: 561

This unusual surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, is an occupational name from the Middle English term "bakester", originally given to a woman that baked. It is derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "baecestre" meaning a female baker. In Middle English the ending "estre", being unstressed, soon lost its final "e", and "ster" came to be regarded as an emphatic form of "er", and consequently was applied to men as well as to women, so that the early Middle English "bakstere" became later Middle English masculine "baxter". Baxter is found to be widespread in the Anglian counties and also in Angus. The surname dates back to the late 11th Century (see below), and variations in the spelling of the surname include Bakster, Baxstar, Baxstair, Baxstare and Baxster. Church Records list the marriage of Patrick Baxter to Violet Kerr on June 3rd 1606 in Edinburgh, and the christening of George, son of John Baxter, on September 6th 1635 at St. Giles, Cripplegate, London. A Coat of Arms granted to a Baxter family in Northumberland is red on a silver bend four green eagles displayed. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Liueger se Bacestere, which was dated 1093, in the "Olde English Bynames of Devonshire", during the reign of King William 11, known as "Rufus", 1087 - 1100. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research 1980 - 2017

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3 Answers

+4 votes
Best answer

Henry Bax-Ironside

"...From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Henry George Outram Bax-IronsideKCMG (15 November 1859 – 16 April 1929) was a British diplomat, ambassador to Venezuela, Chile, Switzerland and Bulgaria.






Henry George Outram Bax was the only son of John Henry Bax, of Houghton-le-Spring, who had married Sarah Elizabeth Hughes[1], and in 1866 took the surname Bax-Ironside by royal warrant,[2] when his son became Henry Bax-Ironside. He was educated at Eton College and Exeter College, Oxford and joined the Diplomatic Service in 1883. He served in CopenhagenTeheranViennaCairo, and Washington, and was briefly in charge of the Central American Legation in 1897 before being appointed Secretary of the Legation at Pekin in the same year..."


selected by J. Salsbery
That must be it, thank you to all of you. Awhile back I remember googling it, trying to find another meaning. Bax must be a surname. I think I have seen it in connection with other surnames and I thought it meant something.

Reaney & Wilson (A Dictionary of English Surnames) under Bax says to see Back; the full header for the latter is Back, Backes, Bax, and the derivation discussion is pretty long. Possible origins offered include an Old English personal name Bacca, a nickname from OE bæc "back", a nickname from Middle English bakke "a bat" (the flying mammal), and a locative from back meaning "ridge".

+4 votes
It is a family name.  Bax, not BAX.  Read through the whole entry,

and you will see how the families are connected by a marriage and how the Bax sons of an Ironside daughter eventually made a hyphenated name of it.
by Shirlea Smith G2G6 Pilot (295k points)
+3 votes
From the context it seems to be the original surname before it was changed to Ironside. If it has any other meaning, which I don’t think it does, there should be a table that explains it.
by George Fulton G2G6 Pilot (682k points)

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