Be prepared for slow going. Some of the deeds can be difficult to read. You can do it by hand with pencil and ruler, but software is much easier since you need to know how long rods and chains are as well as the syntax for directions. I once took a week long course on using maps and deeds in genealogy that was very useful. Anyway, the original 13 states plus a few more are metes and bounds. The "public lands" states use the Public Lands Survey System of township, section, quarter section, etc. and is much more rational.
Also, pay attention to mentions of ridges and other geographic features that get mentioned since those help place on other maps.
So, for you, you will need to extract out the distance and direction. When finished it should produce a closed boundary. Read about the "metes and bounds" system before you start platting.