I looked at your data, and you have no locations for your ancestors. A good place to start would be to find as many of the census records as you can. This will help fill out your families, give you approximate birthdates, and at least state or country of birth.
The census records will give immigration dates (year only) and this could help with finding immigration records. If your ancestors became citizens, the census will give an approximate date for that.
Have you looked for obituaries?
Have you looked at other family trees for clues? If you do not have subscriptions to any of the major sites, you can search them for free at any LDS Family History Center. However, be careful of these since they so frequently provide no sources. But, they still can be useful.
Do you know your ancestor’s religions? This can provide some guidance of where to look, or areas to rule out.
From the surnames in your data, I suspect your ancestors are from Germany and Poland, or possibly Scandinavia. Poland can be tough to research, considering loss of records and language. There are a lot of records online from these areas, and more is coming available.
Before trying to look at the European records you will need to know what town or village they came from. The suggestions above can help with that.
Do not assume that everything you need will be indexed or extracted. If you should find something in an index, always look at the original source if it is available.
If your family was in the US in the 1880s, be sure to look at the county histories. There could be a family biography there.