? 250 years ago - James Cook RN sails to another ? "new world"

+8 votes

25th August 1768, daytime. - In his Logbook James Cook wrote 26th August (Nautical day) -  He set sail, weighed anchor and departed Plymouth.

The purpose of the voyage was to observe and record the transit of Venus across the Sun for the benefit of a Royal Society inquiry into a means of determining longitude. And the secret = Cook opened the sealed orders which were additional instructions from the Admiralty for the second part of his voyage: to search the south Pacific for signs of the postulated rich southern continent of Terra Australis. Other people involved include HMS Endeavour (1768)Banks-173, Daniel Solander FRS. (wikitree | Links) .What links to this page.        - and so a new day dawns - - - - enjoy - (and Oz has a new Prime Minister, the 30th since 1st January 1901 .         

 - (edit ps - ? should there be a cat: for " Copley Gold Medal " ?   

WikiTree profile: James Cook
in The Tree House by John Andrewartha G2G6 Mach 6 (64.7k points)
edited by John Andrewartha

1 Answer

+4 votes
James Cook was a British Explorer whose achievements were much celebrated by the British at a time when the race was on between European countries to claim territory far from their own shores. Advances in shipbuilding and especially in navigation, meant European sailors could reach destinations never before possible.

Despite the "Great Southern Land" (Terra Australis) having already been reached by the Dutch, and known to navigators as New Holland, Cook raised the Union Jack on its Eastern shores and claimed it for Britain, making no consultation whatever with its indigenous population. Colonists from Britain began to arrive some 20 years later, bringing with them the British-centric view that Cook had discovered Australia and was a hero of the Empire. This view persists today among the desendants of colonists, but is increasingly challenged by those taking a broader view of history, and by Indigenous Australians.
by A. T. G2G6 Mach 3 (37.7k points)
The Brits had a problem.  They were going to lose America and they needed somewhere to transport people to.
Yes, there was that too. Most of the first colonists were convicts.

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