My 2 x grandfather, John Hughes, was a leader in the Rebecca Riots in Wales in the early 1840s. His name was actually Jac Ty-Isha, but the English forced the Welsh to Anglicise their names. The English also repressed the Welsh language, but Jac could read and write in both Welsh and English.
The Rebecca Rioters were especially concerned with the way the English were erecting toll gates throughout Wales to rip the local farmers off and to line their own purses. They were also concerned with other social problems.
Local leaders were called Rebecca and their followers her 'children.' They would blacken their faces and don women's white clothing to go and smash down the toll gates and attached houses at night time. Jac was such a Rebecca and he rode a white horse which made him an easy target when someone dobbed them in and he was caught red handed.
The result was 20 years transportation to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania).