my GGG grandmother Matilda Hicks from Al born 1801 -1870 slave to joseph jackson and Nathaniel jackson AL

+2 votes
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Matilda was black or Native American she lived as a wife to Nathaniel. They moved to Donna, Hidalgo County Texas about 1850. Would like to find information about her.
in Genealogy Help by Margaret Mujica-Ruiz G2G1 (1.6k points)

1 Answer

+2 votes
There is information on the web about the Jackson family and theirTexas ranch.  If you haven't already done so, it might be worth looking for a historical or genealogy society in Hidalgo County.   Matilda Hicks Jackson doesn't seem to exist in any records before the 1860 census (which would make sense if she was enslaved).  I have not been able to place the Jackson family in or near the Cherokee Nation in Georgia, so a Cherokee connection seems unlikely.  Although some Cherokee were slaveholders, I cannot find any records that show the Cherokee Hicks family ever had enslaved people.  

This is from the University of Texas:

https://www.utrgv.edu/civilwar-trail/civil-war-trail/hidalgo-county/jackson-ranch/index.htm

A historical marker:

http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMJYPR_Jackson_Ranch_Church
by Kathie Forbes G2G6 Pilot (284k points)
In the years leading up to the Civil War, many of the southern states passed laws that newly freed slaves had to leave the state within 30 days.  Previous slaves were grandfathered and were not subject to these new laws.  The result was an interesting twist of history.  Newly freed slaves - their freedom paid for by other family members or given their freedom by their former masters, were actually "sold" to other family members.  In this way, they remained as slaves on paper but lived free lives with their free family members and not subject to deportation.  For this reason, we can see thousands of black slave owners in the southern states, a fact often twisted for political reasons to show that blacks too were slave owners.
SJ Baty, can you link to where one might find that information please? Thank you!
I did find out that Matilda Hicks was first owned by Joseph Jackson (Nathaniel Mathew Jackson) previous to Nathaniel. In the Census Records she appears as a Housekeeper, since it was illegal to marry a Slave or a Negro, Indian. Although Matilda is the Mother to my GGreat Grandfather Martin Jackson, his birth certificate state he is Negro.

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