Did these Palatines migrate before 1701?

+3 votes
Trying to determine when these folks arrived in Pennsylvania in order to determine their proper placement in a project.

The people I'm looking at are Anthony Heilman (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Heilman-269) as well as his wife Mary Bergheimer(https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Bergheimer-4) and his father Anthony (https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Heilman-283)

The profiles claim that Mary and Anthony married in Skippack in 1704, but I can't find any record for their arrival prior to this.
WikiTree profile: Anthonius Heilman
in Genealogy Help by Dave Rutherford G2G6 Mach 4 (48.1k points)
It looks to me like these people were Mennonites. As such, they probably immigrated to Pennsylvania on Penn's promise of religious freedom, and were not part of the slightly later wave of "Palatines."

The page https://www.hallmanfamilyassociation.com/who-is-anthony-hallman has information about the discovery of a records (a child's baptism and a land record) showing this man and his wife in Klein Niedesheim, Germany, in 1718. According to the same page, this man was recorded in Skippack in 1720, so the page author concludes that the family must have emigrated in 1719. That places them in the scope of the Palatine Migration project.

1 Answer

0 votes
I’m not sure.  Part of my family left the Palatines area in 1734 according to village records in that part of Germany.  I know they settled in Pennsylvania before migrating west.
by Christopher Arden G2G Rookie (200 points)
Google Maps does not locate Klein Neidersheim, the supposed origin village of the father.  It suggests Nettersheim, which lies on the fringes of the Palatinate.  Generally, profiles in the Palatine migration project are people who emigrated between ~1709 and 1776.
The Palatine migration is not defined by birth dates or the geography of the Palatinate. It's defined mainly by when the people migrated. The first migrants went to England in 1709, but most were born much earlier than 1709. And although the initial impetus for migration was in the Palatinate (which is not the same thing as the modern state of Rheinland-Pfalz), it was not limited to the Palatinate, and most German-speaking immigrants to North America in the period up to the American Revolutionary War were called "Palatines," regardless of their origins. (Conversely, it seems that in the mid-1700s one of my ancestral families was recorded in Germany as having emigrated to "Pennsylvania," but in fact had gone to New York. It seems that Germans in that area thought of all of America as "Pennsylvania," just as Americans thought of all Germans as "Palatines.")
Similarly, some of the German pamphlets that attempted to recruit emigrants described "Carolina" as the destination of immigrant-friendly rich farmlands.  Yet, relatively few actually ended up in the Carolinas.
Klein Niedesheim is documented in Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleinniedesheim (minimal content, in English) and https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleinniedesheim (much more content, in German).
The city closest to the villages part of my family came from is called Kirn.  I was there in 2016.   After talking to some of the locals in the villages, I found out that some of my family stayed behind and did not immigrate to the United States.  I have been trying to find living relatives in Germany as well to find more information.

Christopher, I have been working on some Wikitree profiles of Palatines who came from nearby Idar-Oberstein and Birkenfeld.  You might try putting the family name into the Geogen website, which maps modern German surnames by population density.  I am frequently amazed at the close correlations between surname mapping and the known genealogy of immigrants.

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