Hi, Doug, so researching Newfoundland, it seems it was french controlled from 1655-1713. Then became Colony of Newfoundland 1713-1907 (controlled by the British per the Treaty of Utrect. Then Dominion of Newfoundland 1907-1949 (but still not Canada?).
On 3/31/1949 it became Province of Newfoundland, Canada, upon joining the Canadian Federation, followed by name change to Newfoundland and Labrador on 12/6/2001. Is that correct?