What is meant by positive deviations from Raoult's law? Give an example. What is the sign of ∆_{mix}H for positive deviation?

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#### Solution

The solutions that do not obey Raoult’s law over the entire range of concentration are known as non-ideal solutions. They have vapour pressures either higher or lower than those predicted by Raoult’s law. If the vapour pressure is higher, then the solution is said to exhibit a positive deviation from Raoult’s law.

A mixture of ethanol and acetone is an example of a solution that shows a positive deviation from Raoult’s law.

In case of solutions showing positive deviations, absorption of heat takes place; that is, Δ_{mix}H has a positive sign.

Concept: Vapour Pressure of Liquid - Vapour Pressure of Liquid- Liquid Solutions

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