"In some accounts, Oliver went by the name "Louis." Lyman C. Draper (nt. 2, Butler 69), discusses this in some detail: "In Dr. Chapman's sketch, Wis. Hist. Colls., IV, 347, the name Louis Armel is given, followed by Durrie’s, and Park's, Histories of Madison. In the treaty at Prairie du Chien, in 1829, thirty years before Dr. Chapman wrote, we find the orthography "Oliver Armell,” whose two children, Catharine and Oliver, each received a section of land from the Winnebagoes — evidently because their mother was of that tribe. At the treaty with the Pottawotamies at Chicago, in Sept. 1833, a claim of $300 was allowed to "Oliver Emmell.” De La Ronde, Wis. Hist. Colls., Vlll, 360, writes "Oliver Arimell;" and Noonan, in same volume, 410, has it "Armell.” The Illustrated History of Dane County, gives the name as "Oliver Emell,” pp. 367, 369, 402."
Oliver Armel was known by the Hocąk name, Ihoikšabᵋraga, from i, "mouth"; hoikšap, "crack"; -ra, a definite article suffix also used to form plurals; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Hoikšap is found as a verb meaning, "to split by hitting (as firewood)." In literature, the noun form hoikšabᵋra is used to refer to Trickster's "crack," meaning the cleft of his buttocks. So i hoikšap denotes a split mouth, which would seem to refer to a cleft lip and palate, or possibly cut wounds to the mouth area.
“Oliver Armel (or Amel, also Emmell) — In 1838 this man made an affidavit that he was a native of Canada, but naturalized in the United States ten years ago, has been in the country eighteen years. About fifteen years ago he was married to E-noo-kah (or He-noo-ni-nun-ka), otherwise called Elizabeth, a full blood Winnebago. They were married according to the Indian ceremony, but, in order to save trouble regarding the legitamacy of his children, they were remarried by Esq. Mills of Madison.
During the Black Hawk War, he often acted as a spy and painted himself as an Indian. He was sent to Koshkonong by General Dodge to let General Atkinson know the number and condition of the Sauks. While he was there his house and property worth at least $800 were destroyed. The property described in the affidavit was located at Madison where Armel had a trading house. He was said to have been in the Four Lake Country as early as 1825. In 1836 he was at the Four Lakes (now Madison), where he secured his goods from traders at the Portage.
Members of the Armel family say that Armel’s wife was previously married to a Frenchman from Canada for whom she made a belt of yarn. Becoming involved in difficulty with his wife’s relatives, he fled to Canada, where Armel saw him and admired his belt. He resolved to find the maker of the belt, which he did and finally married her. Their children were Catherine, born 1824; Oliver, 1826; Louis, 1830; Joseph, 1833; Nancy, 1836 and Prosper.” (Jipson, 256)
As de la Ronde (360-361) remembers, Oliver Arimell [Armel] was present with his family for the first ever celebration of the 4th of July in Madison: "Edward Pezenne, and two or three men with him, came to the Portage in the summer of 1836. Near the end of June, I went to the Four Lakes, where the city of Madison now stands, to trade some red deer skins. I had with me Simon L'Ecuyer, Pierre and John Le Roy. We found there, A. Godin, Oliver Arimell, his squaw and three or four children, and Michael St. Cyr — Arimell and St. Cyr used to get goods from traders at Portage: and besides these, there were Charles Jalefoux and Joe Peltier, engaged in hunting and fishing. We met together, about the fourth of July, at the Lake; they had venison and fish, and we had flour, pork, tea, coffee, sugar, and whisky. John Le Roy had his violin, and we had a great feast; I believe we were the first to celebrate the fourth at Madison. I do not remember that as many white men had ever met there before."
Although adopted into the tribe into which he married, he was always viewed as a Frenchman:
He died on 25 September 1879 in Winnebago, Thurston County, Nebraska. (Waggoner, 13)
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