William Atterbury was baptised 15 July 1711 at St Andrew by the Wardrobe, City of London, London, England, a son of Edward and Elizabeth. 
He died in 1766. https://williamatterburyimmigrant.com/
The ancestry of William Arterbury, the American immigrant is a matter of long-standing uncertainty. Most genealogical researchers, including several existing profiles on WikiTree, proclaim William's parents to have been William Atterbury, butcher, and Sarah Rogers of St. Giles Cripplegate, born on 25 Jun 1710. A thorough search of these "researcher's" records indicates that almost every such researcher bases their purported ancestry for William, the immigrant, on the writings of either Voncille Attebery Winter and Wilma Attebery Mitchell, Wayne Atteberry, or James E. Branch [reprint of Paris Louks' etal., inherited works of Judge J. H. Atterbury]. However, a thorough review of those alleged "sources" reveals that none of those writers offered any documentary "proof" of their alleged kinship for William Atterbury. They simply cite William's parents as undocumented "fact". Anyone who has taken the time to look at the church records from Middlesex County in the 18th century will have discovered that there was a person named William Atterbury, living in St. Giles Cripplegate, whose occupation was reported to have been a butcher. This fact is generally undisputed. Further searching will also reveal the marriage record of a William Atterbury and Sarah Rogers at St. Botolph, presumed to have been of William, the butcher. Again, a fact that is generally undisputed.
What virtually none of these researchers have bothered to report is that this very same William Atterbury and Sarah Rogers relocated from St. Giles Cripplegate to St. Leonard's Shoreditch in about 1712/3. Prior to their removal from St. Giles they had recorded the birth and death of one son named William, and the birth of a 2nd son named William, born 25 June 1710. It is this 2nd son, who most researchers claim to have been the immigrant. In St. Leonard's Shoreditch, this same couple recorded the birth of a 3rd son named William on 17 Nov 1717. Does it seem reasonable that this couple would have christened another son William, while an earlier son of that same name was still living? Not very likely. In fact, it is a virtual certainty that the William, born on 25 Jun 1710, had died sometime before Nov 1717. This seems to be the only rational conclusion to be drawn from these "facts". If the son named William, born on 25 Jun 1710 had died before Nov 1717, then he could not have been the William Atterbury, who was transported to the Maryland colony in 1733.
Lest you attempt to claim the 3rd born son named William to have been the immigrant, you should first look at the marriage record of William Atterbury of Shoreditch, bachelor and butcher, married Elizabeth Flawent 11Dec1737 at Fleet Prison. Given the name, date, location and occupation, this marriage almost certainly was for the 3rd William, born to William Atterbury and Sarah Rogers at Shoreditch in Nov1717. That being the case, then the third William could not have been the immigrant, either. Consequently, through the abbreviated foregoing analysis, we seemingly have eliminated William Atterbury, butcher, and Sarah Rogers as the parents of the American immigrant.
Having almost certainly eliminated William Atterbury and Sarah Rogers as the immigrant's parents, we are now left with the task of performing real research, based on real facts. This writer has already performed that real research, and on sound and solid documentation and reasoning established the parents of William Arterbury, the immigrant, as Edward Arterbury, stone mason, and Elizabeth Young, of Southwark, Surrey. Anyone interested in this real research and basis for this conclusion may wish to read "William Atterbury (1711-1766) - The Family Patriarch and His Legacy, Chapter 1 - The Search for William Atterbury's Parents", written by Robert Atteberry, and available as an embedded "Gallery" item on the following Ancestry Public Tree webpage: https://www.ancestry.com/family-tree/person/tree/51881209/person/13268662309/facts. Robert Atteberry.
As for the life of William, himself, he led a rather complicated and dangerous existence in his youth, but, on transportation to Maryland he appears to have found stability and industry, marrying and fathering at least seven son and an unknown number of daughters. He started his life in July 1711 at his family's residence on New Street in Farringdon Within Ward, within less than ten blocks of St. Paul's Cathedral and Black Friars Stairs on the Thames, the same stairs from which he would be loaded aboard a lighter for transport downriver to the waiting hold of the Patapsco Merchant in May 1733. At about the age of six his family moved to the south side of the Thames, where they likely lived along Tooley Street nearby to his father's place of employment at Bridge House Yard. The family attended St. Olaves Parish Church, and William probably attended St. Olaves Primary School, across the street from the church. William was probably educated in local schools through about the age of 12 to 14 years, learning to read, write, and cipher, all intermixed with religion.
In 1721 William's family moved back across the Thames, where they resided nearby to St. Lawrence Pountney Church in Dowgate Ward, and where William's sister, Jane, was born. His father, Edward Arterbury, died in Dowgate Ward, and was buried at St. Lawrence Pountney cemetery on 23Sep1722, while William was only 12 years old. The year before Edward's death he had managed to place his eldest son, Edward Jr. into an apprenticeship with a Thames River Waterman named Edmund Attwood, across the river in St. Saviours Parish. William would become the "man of the house" after his father's death, his younger brother, Charles, yet being only 8 years old. William's mother, Elizabeth [Young] Arterbury, had the good fortune of having married a stone mason who was employed by Bridge House Estate. As Edward's widow, Elizabeth would be entitled to a pension for the remainder of her days.
Elizabeth and her three children continued to reside in the same home in Dowgate Ward until sometime in 1726, at which time she is believed to have moved her family back across the Thames to Southwark. William was also place in an apprenticeship to master Waterman, John Filce, at St. Saviours on 31Jul1727. It seems possible that Elizabeth may have moved her family into either St. Saviours or Christ Church Parish, in order to be nearer to her sons.
Although seemingly allowed a relatively good education for his station in life, and endowed with an apprenticeship, William appears to have fallen in with bad company by the time he was 20. He probably found the prospect of a life as a Waterman not to his liking. After all, it would be a very poor life, with the average Waterman not rising to the minimum status of "householder" until after age 35.
On 16 Jan 1732 at the age of 21 years William married his first wife, Hannah Scrimpton, widow and mother of two children in a clandestine marriage, possibly at Fleet Prison. Hannah was likely 8 to 10 years older than William, having married her first husband, Thomas Scrimpton, pinmaker, in 1724.
Probably being dissatisfied with his first wife's meager dowry, and the burden of a young family, William then proceeded to marry a second wife named Elizabeth Good on 7 Sep 1732 at Fleet Prison.
It seem highly possible that William married Elizabeth Good, while still legally married to Hannah Scrimpton. Elizabeth [Low, Holliday] Good [aka Gould] was almost 23 years older than William, having been twice widowed, and with adult living children. Her recently deceased husband, Ralph Gould, had been a Thames Waterman for almost 30 years when he died in Feb 1731 in St. Saviours Parish. Elizabeth Good was possessed of a property on Magpie Yard in St. Andrews Holborn Parish, nearby to the Horse and Lamb Ale House off Fetter Lane which William Harrison and Leonard Budley frequented.
Five months after his marriage to Elizabeth Gould, William was arrested, along with William Harrison, for stealing five yards of linsey woolsey from the shop of George Cole.
On his arrival in Annapolis MD in the Fall of 1733, William was once again indentured, this time as a transported convict. Years later in a court record in Loudoun County VA, William was described as a "sawyer" using the alias of "Arthurbury". Before leaving Maryland in 1755, William had received a grant of 50 acres, due for his having satisfactorily completed his indentured servitude as a transported convict. That property, called "Prince Springs", situated in Prince Georges County, would hardly have been of sufficient productive capacity to sustain his growing family. It seems possible that William may have been employed as a sawyer, possibly working for Richard Snowden, a wealthy land owner and iron master on the upper Patuxent River. Large quantities of charcoal were required for the iron smelters, which would have required a constant supply of felled timbers, a skill which William Arterbury possessed.
It also seems probable that during his time as an indentured convict in Maryland William became an adherent of the Quaker faith, as no records are found of his marriage to Sarah Yacksley-Mitchell, or any of his many children. Had William and Sarah been attending the Anglican church in their community, it seems probable that those events would be on record. As members of a local Quaker meeting, those records would have been destroyed.
It seems probable that William may have yet again committed bigamy when he married Sarah Mitchell, as it seems possible that at least one of his wives in England was still living in 1740.
William spent his remaining years as a small, subsistence farmer along the west side of the Catoctin Mountains in Loudoun County, nearby to West Ordinary. He achieved a modicum of respectability in his new life in the Americas, where he posted bonds for friends or associates, witnessed the LWT of his neighbor, William West, and, of course, became a debtor.
He disappeared from Loudoun County records after 1766, at which time and place he is presumed to have died.
The following link is to Robert Atteberry's blog site, which contains summarized posts of his manuscripts, as well as downloadable files of the complete collection of manuscripts and links to other valuable Atteberry family research sites. https://williamatterburyimmigrant.com/
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