Jeremiah Kay was convicted at Lancaster Assizes for a term of 7 years on 27 August 1817.
Jeremiah Kay and John Coffey were on trial for stealing a calf, at Eccles. Kay was found guilty, Coffey was acquitted.
29 Nov 1817 • Woolwich:
Jeremiah Kay Age: 23, was received 29 Nov 1817 on the hulk Retribution which was moored at Woolwich, 'stealing a calf' was noted as his crime.
He was one of 164 convicts transported on the ship Morley, departing in July 1818, arriving in New South Wales on 7 November 1818.
Convict Indents provide us with his description: Jeremiah Kay, Assizes, 27 Aug 1817, seven years, native place Yorkshire, trade butcher, age 22, 5 feet 6 and a quarter inches tall, fair pale complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes.
In the 1822 muster, he was assigned to Mr Rouse at Windsor.
He achieved his Certificate of Freedom on 27 Aug 1824.
Marriage: 7 February 1825 Jeremiah Kay married Jane Cross in Richmond, New South Wales registered at St Peters Church of England Richmond by Banns by Henry Fulton. Jeremiah and Jane both signed the register. Witnesses: William Merrick, who signed, and Henrietta Merrick, who marked the register with a cross. They had the following children:
Jane Eleanor Kay, christened 9 April 1826 in Liverpool, New South Wales
In the 1828 New South Wales census, Jeremiah was living in Liverpool, New South Wales: Kay, Jeremiah, 30, free by servitude, Morley, 1817, 7 years, Protestant, butcher, Liverpool;
Kay, Jane, 19, came free, Broxbornbury, 1814, Protestant;
Kay, Jane Helen, 2 yrs 9 mo, born in the colony;
Kay, Harriet, 1 yr, 4 mo, born in the colony
Jeremiah died 27 May 1840 in West Maitland. Burial at Maitland 29 May 1840: Jeremiah 'Keys', abode W Maitland, died 27th, buried 29th May 1840, age 42 butcher.
↑ Newspaper reports quoted in Australian Royalty, also in hulk records: 'stealing a calf'
↑ Source: Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842
↑ Ancestry.com: New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1827-1867
↑ NSW Birth Registration No. 1457/1838 V18381457 22 for Hannah Cross Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
↑ NSW Birth Registration No. 410/1840 V1840410 54 for Jeremiah M Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
↑ "Australia, New South Wales, 1828 Census," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QKXY-56FV : 16 March 2018), Jeremiah Kay, Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia; citing Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia, Ship , Mitchell Library, Sydney; FHL microfilm 942,056.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jeremiah by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Jeremiah: