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Jeremiah Kay (abt. 1794 - 1840)

Jeremiah Kay aka Keys
Born about in Yorkshire, Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 7 Feb 1825 in Richmond, New South Wales, Australiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in West Maitland, New South Wales, Australiamap
Profile last modified | Created 25 Apr 2020
This page has been accessed 110 times.


Jeremiah Kay was a convict after the Third Fleet.

Jeremiah Kay was convicted at Lancaster Assizes for a term of 7 years on 27 August 1817.

Jeremiah Kay and John Coffey were on trial for stealing a calf, at Eccles. Kay was found guilty, Coffey was acquitted.[1]

Residence 29 Nov 1817 • Woolwich: Jeremiah Kay Age: 23, was received 29 Nov 1817 on the hulk Retribution which was moored at Woolwich, 'stealing a calf' was noted as his crime.

He was one of 164 convicts transported on the ship Morley, departing in July 1818, arriving in New South Wales on 7 November 1818.

Convict Indents provide us with his description: Jeremiah Kay, Assizes, 27 Aug 1817, seven years, native place Yorkshire, trade butcher, age 22, 5 feet 6 and a quarter inches tall, fair pale complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes.[2]

In the 1822 muster, he was assigned to Mr Rouse at Windsor.

He achieved his Certificate of Freedom on 27 Aug 1824.[3]

Marriage: 7 February 1825 Jeremiah Kay married Jane Cross in Richmond, New South Wales registered at St Peters Church of England Richmond by Banns by Henry Fulton. Jeremiah and Jane both signed the register. Witnesses: William Merrick, who signed, and Henrietta Merrick, who marked the register with a cross.[4][5] They had the following children:

  1. Jane Eleanor Kay, christened 9 April 1826 in Liverpool, New South Wales[6]
  2. Harriet Kay, born 1827 in Liverpool[7]
  3. Joseph Kay, born 1829 in Liverpool[8]
  4. Ralph Jackson Kay, born 11 January 1833 in Liverpool[9][10]
  5. Robert Kay, born about 1836, died 1890. (to confirm year of birth)[11][12]
  6. Hannah Cross Kay, born 27 Aug 1838 in West Maitland[13] [14]
  7. Jeremiah Millington Kay, born 9 October 1840 in West Maitland[15]

In the 1828 New South Wales census, Jeremiah was living in Liverpool, New South Wales: Kay, Jeremiah, 30, free by servitude, Morley, 1817, 7 years, Protestant, butcher, Liverpool; Kay, Jane, 19, came free, Broxbornbury, 1814, Protestant; Kay, Jane Helen, 2 yrs 9 mo, born in the colony; Kay, Harriet, 1 yr, 4 mo, born in the colony[16][17]

Jeremiah died 27 May 1840 in West Maitland. Burial at Maitland 29 May 1840: Jeremiah 'Keys', abode W Maitland, died 27th, buried 29th May 1840, age 42 butcher.[18]


  1. Newspaper reports quoted in Australian Royalty, also in hulk records: 'stealing a calf'
  2. Source: New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842
  3. New South Wales, Australia, Certificates of Freedom, 1827-1867
  4. St Peters Church of England Richmond, quoted in Biographical Database of Australia
  5. NSW Marriage Registration No. 66/1825 V182566 156, 3498/1825 V18253498 3B & 178/1825 V1825178 156 for Jeremiah Kay & Jane Cross, CE district
  6. "Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981", database, FamilySearch ( : 28 January 2020), Jeremiah Key in entry for Jane Eleanor Key, 1826.
  7. NSW Birth Registration No. 8149/1827 V18278149 1C for Harriet Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
  8. NSW Birth Registration No. 27/1829 V182927 121A for Joseph Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
  9. "Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981", database, FamilySearch ( : 28 January 2020), Jeremiah Kay in entry for Ralph Jackson Kay, 1833.
  10. NSW Birth Registration No. 363/1833 V1833363 17 for Ralph Jackson Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
  11. NSW Death Registration KAY ROBERT 6690/1890 JEREMIAH JANE LAMBTON
  12. Funeral at New Lambton Newcastle Herald 24 JAN 1890: To move from the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. W. Hinton, at New Lambton ... for General Cemetery, Sandgate:
  13. "Australia Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981", database, FamilySearch ( : 28 January 2020), Jeremiah Kay in entry for Hannah Cross Kay, 1838.
  14. NSW Birth Registration No. 1457/1838 V18381457 22 for Hannah Cross Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
  15. NSW Birth Registration No. 410/1840 V1840410 54 for Jeremiah M Kay, Father: Jeremiah, Mother: Jane
  16. "Australia, New South Wales, 1828 Census," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 16 March 2018), Jeremiah Kay, Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia; citing Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia, Ship , Mitchell Library, Sydney; FHL microfilm 942,056.
  17. The enumerator's page is at 1828 New South Wales, Australia Census (Australian Copy),
  18. NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, Death Registration No. V18401113 24A/1840 for Jeremiah Keys, Age: 42, seen in State Records of NSW Reel 5006

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