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461 Pitt Street, Haymarket, N.S.W.

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Date: About 1820 [unknown]
Location: 461 Pitt Street, Haymarket, Sydney, New South Wales, Australiamap
Surnames/tags: haymarket_sydney pitt_street_sydney House_History
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14:13: Martin White edited the Tags on 461 Pitt Street, Haymarket. (Added House_History tag) [Thank Martin for this]
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461 Pitt Street, in Haymarket, N.S.W., is a "two-storey Georgian sandstone cottage at SW corner of Pitt Street and Hay Street. Former Presbyterian Manse built in 1820 and refurbished in 1992."[1]

The first reference to 461 Pitt Street, that I can find, on Trove, is on the 21st December 1857, when a Mrs. Cohen published a wanted advertisement for a "Laundress--one that can do plain cooking."[2] Mrs. Cohen advertised for various domestic help through until January 1858, when she posted her final advertisement, for a "Housemaid accustomed to Children", with the comment that her family would be moving to England in February 1858.[3] On the 11th February 1858, we find a notice published regarding the auction all of Mr. and Mrs. Cohen's "elegant household furniture and effects"; the house itself, "consisting of eight rooms, kitchens, stable, coach-house,&c" was to be let.[4]

In August 1858, a Mrs. Johnson was living at the residence; she was seeking as cook and laundress.[5] Mr. and Mrs. Johnston were still living at No. 461 in November 1859.[6]

By the 4th October 1864, No. 461 was the location of The Deaf and Dumb Institution, founded by Thomas Pattison.[7] They were seeking to employ a matron.[8] Founded in 1860, The Deaf and Dumb Institution apparently moved to 461 Pitt Street as early as 1863.[9] We find various advertisements for the Institution, located at 461 Pitt Street, the last of which was published on the 19th December 1867.[10]

By the 8th December 1868, William Bell, a surgeon, was living at No. 461.[11] Bell was also a government vaccinator -- he provided free smallpox vaccinations, and put aside two hours of each day, from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m., for the purpose.[12][13] William had at least four daughters, including Susan Mary Bell, who was married on the 26th April 1869.[14] Susan's son, Edward E. A. Liardet, was born at No. 461 on the 14th September 1870.[15] On the 14th November 1870, the house was advertised 'To Let'.[16] However, in April 1871, we find Doctor Bell's daughter, Mrs. Liardet, advertising from the address for a nursemaid.[17] On the 2nd June 1871, Doctor Bell published a notice that he had moved from 461 Pitt Street, to the corner of Cleveland and George Streets, in Redfern.[18]

On the 14th August 1871, a Doctor Warren published a notice that he had moved into 461 Pitt Street.[19] In November 1872, a Mr. Warren advertised for "a lad, to attend to a horse, and make himself useful"; Dr. Warren would continue this particular advertisement, with small variations, until his death.[20] On the 7th May 1873, a yellow terrier pup was lost from the residence.[21] Two months later, Dr. Warren lost a black and tan dog.[22] A year later, the same (or quite possibly a different black and tan terrier) pup went missing again.[23] By the 31st July 1875, the house was for sale, "by order of the Trustees of the Will of the late Alexander Dick, Sen., Esq.", whilst still occupied by Dr. Warren, who was paying £84 a year in rent.[24] On the 17th of August, of that same year, Doctor Warren passed away home.[25] They were still advertising the sale three years later.[26]

In 1876, No. 461 was described as "Davis' boarding-house", when a lodger, George Orchard, lost his rings and keys.[27]

In 1877, William C. Davis was living at No. 461 when someone stole a black silk hat, nearly new, from the premises.[28]

In 1879 we see No. 461 called "the International boarding house" when a servant of the premises, Mary Gilmore, had clothes and rings stolen from her.[29]

In 1880, a Mrs. W. Cropley was residing at No. 461.[30] By September of that year, the house seems to have been being used as a boarding house for "respectable young men".[31]

On the 20th November 1880, "Mr. A. Cole, having returned to Sydney, has COMMENCED BUSINESS, as usual, at 461, PITT-STREET SOUTH".[32] Mr. A. Cole was a "Medical Clairvoyant and Herbalist".[33] In July 1883, Mr. Cole was advertising for a nursemaid for two young children.[34] He hired eighteen-year-old Jessie A. Kay, who was found drowned in Sydney Cove some two months later.[35] Mr. Cole and his family moved out of No. 461 in January 1887.[36] In January 1884, Mrs. Alexander Cole, of No. 461, had a dark brown seal-skin bag stolen from her a shop.[37]

The dentist, Mr. Joseph William Eden George, who would late advertise extensively about his dental clinic at No. 461, apparently first began working from the premises in about 1884; he would work from the house for the next twenty years.[38]

The house continued to be available for board through October 1887.[39]

In December 1887, a Mrs. Matilda Hanson was deposed in a fraudulent cheque case. She was living at 461 Pitt Street, and "knew the two prisoners , who were staying together at her house."[40]

For the next two years, there is a stream of board and residence advertisements. Board included "Residence, bath, gas, piano, latch-key, washing, 20s."[41]

In June 1890, the house enters court records again. George Smith and Fanny Fricker were charged with stealing a tablecloth, a candlestick and other items, valued ten shillings, belonging to Charles Hansen. The Prosecutor's wife despised that she knew George Smith by the alias 'Doctor Rowe', and that he had occasionally lodged at her house, 461 Pitt Street. Many of her other boarders gave evidence that they were missing items too.[42]

In September 1890, Mrs. S. A. Pate was working from No. 461. She made corsets and surgical belts.[43]

On the 7th August 1894, Mr. Prospero Stanich, a surgeon of the ears, nose and throat, published a notice that he had moved to 461 Pitt Street.[44] From this time we find no more advertisements for room and board, only advertisements for Mr. Stanich. Prospero Stanich was still living at No. 461 in November 1895, when he had a gold hunting watch stolen from him in Forbes, N.S.W.[45]

In Jan 1896, we find our first advertisement for Mr. J. W. E. George, dental surgeon, was living at, and working from, 461 Pitt Street.[46] His advertisements would continue through until 1904.[47] He was still there in 1904.[48][49][50][51] There are no boarding advertisements during this period. On the 9th November 1899, young Charles George, of No. 461, was handling a small loaded pistol when it went off, and fired through his left hand.[52]

In January 1902, Edward Kennedy, of No. 461, was appointed a Justice of the Peace.[53]

From 1903, Dr. John Hermann Leopold Zillman had an office and chapel at No. 461.[54][55] He had been ordained by Bishop Barker at St. Andrew's Cathedral, and had been licensed to perform marriages since 1903.[56][57]

On the 30 March 1903, at No. 461, Dr. Zillman officiated the marriage ceremony of Ebenezer Wise Clements and Winifred Ingram, according to the rites of the New Unitarian Church.[58]

On the 9th July 1903, at No. 461, Dr. Zillman officiated the wedding of Donald Roderick Sinclair and Zara Wolinski; Donald would later commit bigamy by marrying a second woman in 1905.[59]

On the 4th October 1905, he was involved in a case where a young man, William Sydney Larkham, falsely claimed to be over the age of 21 when he was wed, in 1903, at No. 461.[60]

In September 1904, at No. 461, Dr. Zillman officiated the wedding ceremony of George J. Smith and Alathea Sigsworth, according to the rites of the New Unitarian Church.[61]

In December 1905, Dr. Zillman officiated the wedding of Annie McNellan and Allan Wooddisse, according to the rites of the New Unitarian Church.[62]

In June 1906, a public works tender was accepted for "Purchase, pulling down, and removal of house known as No. 461 Pitt Street."[63] At this point Mr. George, the dentist, was forced to leave No. 461 for Elizabeth Street, and all his country clientele because of it.[64]

Photographs

A photograph of 461 Pitt Street, taken in the 1990s, can be found [here].

Sources

  1. City of Sydney Archives, 'Sandstone building / SRC10069', 1990s. Retrieved http://www.photosau.com.au/cos/scripts/ExtSearch.asp?SearchTerm=036471, Accessed 19 Feb 2017.
  2. 'Wanted, a Laundress', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 21 Dec 1857, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13004164, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  3. 'Wanted, a Housemaid accustomed to Children', The Sydney Morning Herald, 15 Jan 1858, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13005173, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  4. 'Advertising: Mr. Edward Salamon', The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 Feb 1858, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13006104, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  5. 'Wanted, a respectable Person', The Sydney Morning Herald, 3 Aug 1858, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13018449, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  6. 'Wanted, a Cook and Laundress', The Sydney Morning Herald, 7 Nov 1859, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13032820, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  7. 'Deaf and Dumb Institution (1860 - 1869)', Find & Connect, 3 July 2018. Retrieved https://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nsw/NE01594, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  8. 'Advertising: Deaf and Dumb Institution', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 4 Oct 1864, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60560946, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  9. 'Deaf and Dumb Institution (1860 - 1869)', Find & Connect, 3 July 2018. Retrieved https://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nsw/NE01594, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  10. 'New South Wales Deaf and Dumb Institution', The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 Dec 1867, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28608220, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  11. 'The Natural Food of Man', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 8 Dec 1868, p.3. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60829933, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  12. 'Smallpox', The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 Dec 1868, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13177787, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  13. 'Advertising: Smallpox', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 17 May 1870, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article63107194, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  14. 'Marriage Notice of Edward Albert Liardet and Susan Mary Bell', The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 Apr 1869, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13180736, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  15. 'Birth Notice of Male Infant Liardet', The Sydney Morning Herald, 16 Sep 1870, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28418072, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  16. 'Advertising: To Let', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 14 Nov 1870, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13222863, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  17. 'Wanted, a young Girl', The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 Apr 1871, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13237781, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  18. 'Removal.--Dr. Bell', The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 Jun 1871, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13239723, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  19. 'Removal.--Dr. Warren', The Sydney Morning Herald, 14 Aug 1871, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13243089, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  20. 'Wanted, a Lad', The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 Nov 1872, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13309229, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  21. 'Lost and Found', The Sydney Morning Herald, 7 May 1873, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13314408, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  22. 'Lost and Found', The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 Jul 1873, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13321287, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  23. 'Lost and Found', The Sydney Morning Herald, 23 Apr 1874, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13335342, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  24. 'Advertising: Richardson and Wrench', The Sydney Morning Herald, 31 Jul 1875, p.12. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13358119, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  25. 'Death Notice of Charles Holman Warren', The Sydney Morning Herald, 17 Aug 1875, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28406238, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  26. 'Advertising: H. Vaughan', The Sydney Morning Herald, 15 Feb 1878, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13407849, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  27. 'Burglaries, Stealing from the Premises, &c.', New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), 20 Sep 1876 [Issue No.38], p.291. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article252089284, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  28. 'Burglaries, Stealing from Premises, &c.,' New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), Wed 26 Dec 1877 [Issue No.52], p.420. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article251894317, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  29. 'Apprehensions', New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), 19 Mar 1879 [Issue No.12], p.117. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article251895707, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  30. 'Death Notice of Eliza Pogson', The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 May 1880, p.1. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13460201, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  31. 'Board and Residence', The Sydney Morning Herald, 4 Sep 1880, p.16. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28388182, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  32. 'Advertising: Mr. A. Cole', The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), 20 Nov 1880, p.964. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161916851, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  33. 'Notice of Removal, A. Cole', Society (Sydney, NSW : 1887), 29 Jan 1887, p.16. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228065696, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  34. 'WANTED, A respectable young Woman', The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 Jul 1883, p.10. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13540435, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  35. 'Found Drowned', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 21 Sep 1883, p.3. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108837527, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  36. 'Notice of Removal, A. Cole', Society (Sydney, NSW : 1887), 29 Jan 1887, p.16. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article228065696, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  37. 'Burglaries, stealing from Premises, &c.', New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), 30 Jan 1884 [Issue No.5], p.43. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article251652268, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  38. 'A Dentist's Bankrupcy', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 21 Nov 1906, p.3. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115671799, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  39. 'Board and Residence', The Sydney Morning Herald, 29 Oct 1887, p.20. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13679207, Accesed 18 Feb 2019.
  40. 'Alleged False Pretences', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 14 Dec 1887, p.6. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article108230819, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  41. 'Board', The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), 1 Jun 1889, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article236010596, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  42. 'Police', The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), 19 Jun 1890, p.3. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article235779657, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  43. 'Correspondence', The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1871 - 1912), 6 Sep 1890, p.557. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163646988, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  44. 'Ear, nose, and throat', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 7 Aug 1894, p.4. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113325603, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  45. 'Burglaries, & c.', New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), 6 Nov 1895 [Issue No.45], p.384. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article251897331, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  46. 'Startling Offer: A Beautiful Set of Teeth', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 24 Jan 1896, p.6. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article109917589, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  47. 'Startling Offer: A Beautiful Set of Teeth', The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), 6 Jan 1900, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229377538, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  48. 'Beautiful Teeth, One Guinea A Set', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 12 Mar 1904, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112789260, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  49. 'In The Main Pavilion', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 1 Apr 1904, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113913436, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  50. 'A Gold Medal', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 7 May 1904, p.2. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113908643, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  51. 'Advertising: Mr. George, Sydney Leading Dentist', The Clarence River Advocate (NSW : 1898 - 1949), 10 Jun 1904, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121403205, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  52. 'A Pistol Accident', The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, NSW : 1883 - 1930), 10 Nov 1899, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article237194672, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  53. 'Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 2001), 24 Jan 1902 [Issue No.76 (SUPPLEMENT)], p.625. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article222073879, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  54. 'A Young Man's Marriage', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 4 Oct 1905, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113282826, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  55. 'Alleged Bigamy', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 23 Aug 1906, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114088838, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  56. 'Alleged Bigamy', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 23 Aug 1906, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114088838, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  57. 'A Young Man's Marriage', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 4 Oct 1905, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113282826, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  58. 'Wayward Winifred', Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), 20 Oct 1912, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article168742964, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  59. 'Alleged Bigamy', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 23 Aug 1906, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article114088838, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  60. 'A Young Man's Marriage', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 4 Oct 1905, p.5. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article113282826, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  61. Marriage Certificate of George Joseph Smith and Alathea May Sigsworth, married 10 Sept 1904, Registrar of Births, Deaths & Marriages, New South Wales; Reg. No. 005807/1904.
  62. 'Divorce Court', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 17 Oct 1917, p.8. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article15737400, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  63. 'Tenders Accepted, The Australian Star (Sydney, NSW : 1887 - 1909), 12 Jun 1906, p.7. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article229663161, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.
  64. 'A Dentist's Bankrupcy', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 21 Nov 1906, p.3. Retrieved http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article115671799, Accessed 18 Feb 2019.




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