Николай Николаевич Романов

Николай Николаевич Романов (1831 - 1891)

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Николай Николаевич (Николай Николаевич) "Никола́й Никола́евич Ста́рший, Nikolai Nikolaievich the elder, Grand Duke of Russia" Романов aka Romanov
Born in Tsarskoe Selo, St. Petersburg, Russiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married in St. Petersburg, Russiamap
Died in Alupka, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 27 Jul 2015
This page has been accessed 494 times.
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Biography

Nikolai Nikolaievich Romanov (Russian: Великий князь Николай Николаевич) , Grand Duke of Russia was born 8 August 1831 [27 July 1831 O.S.] at Tsarskoie Selo, Russia.

He was the son of Nikolai I Pavlovich Romanov (Tsar Nicholas I of Russia) and Princess Friederike Luise Charlotte Wilhelmine of Prussia.

Nicholai was the third son and sixth child of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and Alexandra Feodorovna.

He was the brother of Tsar Alexander II, and uncle to Tsar Alexander III.

Nikolai Nikolaevich is sometimes referred to as "Nicholas Nicolaievich the Elder" to tell him apart from his son, Nikolai Nikolaevich the Younger.

MARRIAGE

He married Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg on 5 February 1856 (25 Jan 1856 O.S.) at St. Petersburg, Russia. His wife's full name was Alexandra Friederike Wilhelmine von Holstein-Gottorp, She was the daughter of HH Duke Constantine Friedrich Peter von Holstein-Gottorp, Duke of Oldenburg and Therese Prinzessin von Nassau-Weilburg.

By they had two children:

1) Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia the Younger (1856–1929)
2) Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (1864–1931)

AFFAIR WITH CHISLOVA AND FIVE NIKOLAYEV CHILDREN

According to Wikipedia: "The marriage was in trouble from the start and four years later [in 1860] Nicholas developed a permanent relationship with Catherine Chislova, a dancer from the Krasnoye Selo Theater. Their affair was quite open and Grand Duke Nikolai had five children by Chislova:

1) Olga Nikolaevna Nikolaeva (1868–1950)
2) Vladimir Nikolaevich Nikolaev (1873–1942)
3) Catherine Nikolaevna Nikolaeva (1874–1940)
4) Nicholas Nikolaevich Nikolaev (1875–1902) and
5) Galina Nikolaevna Nikolaeva (1877–1878)

"The Grand Duke arranged a change of class into the gentry for his mistress and the couple’s illegitimate children took the surname Nikolayev. Tsar Alexander II ignored his brother's affair but advised him to be discreet."


MILITARY CAREER

Trained for the military, as a Field Marshal, Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich commanded the Russian army of the Danube in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878.

From Wikipedia:

"His father arranged for Nicholas Nikolaevich a career in the army. On the day he was born, he was appointed honorary colonel in the Life Guard Lancers and enlisted into the Life Guard Sappers battalion.

A soldier most of his life, he first saw active service in the Crimean War, when he was in his early twenties, taking part in the battle of Inkerman (1854).

Grand Duke Nicholas Nicolaievich showed a special interest in military engineering. In 1856, he was appointed as general Inspector of engineers and in 1864, he became commander of the Imperial Guard.

In 1873, he accompanied his brother, Alexander II, to Berlin at the meeting of the three emperors: Russia, Germany and Austria.

The epitome of his career was the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878, when Nicholas Nicolaievich was appointed Commander-in- Chief of the Russian armies of the Danube, although his reputation as a strategist was very low.

The Grand Duke had no particular distinction in early successes in the conflict and these were followed by terrible reverses of the armies under his orders. After the expulsion of the Russian troops from Rumelia and unsuccessful attacks at Plevna, Nicholas Nicolaievich was removed from actual command, although in theory he remained in his post.

The victory of his subordinates allowed him to participate in the success at Adrianople and the Treaty of San Stefano, but after the war ended, he was criticized for not seizing Constantinople when his headquarters were already established in Adrianople.

The Grand Duke also suffered the acute embarrassment of being charged with financial irregularities, of receiving bribes and embezzling money from the government.

His brother, Alexander II promoted Nicholas Nicolaievich's career and named him Commander of the St. Petersburg military region. Eventually he received the ranks of Field Marshal-General, Inspector General of Cavalry and Inspector General of the Russian engineering forces.

Nicholas Nicholaievich was an influential military figure; he also served on the State Council.

He died on 25 April 1891 at age 59 at Tsarskoie Selo, Russia.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Николай Николаевич by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Николай Николаевич:

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Grand Duke Nicholai Nicholaevich Romanov (1831 - 1891)
Grand Duke Nicholai Nicholaevich Romanov (1831 - 1891)

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On 27 Jun 2015 at 03:55 GMT Mark Shernick wrote:

Romanov-18 and Romanov-54 appear to represent the same person because: Would you be interested to merge our two profiles of Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich? I think this will solve for you the mystery of his unknown wife, Alexandra (Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg).

It will also add a detailed branch of descendants to your tree. Alexandra's family, the Oldenburgs, were really quite a fascinating group, hovering quietyl in the background of the Romanovs and linking their family by marriage to several royal houses in Europe.

Thanks! Mark S.



Николай Николаевич is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 4 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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