Isoroku Takano was born in Nagaoka, Niigata Prefecture on 4 April 1884. His father was Takano Sadayoshi; his name, Isoroku, translates to 56 in English, which was his father's age upon the birth of Isoroku. He was adopted by the Yamamoto family in 1916, and his name was Isoroku Yamamoto from then on.
In 1918, Isoroku married Reiko Mihashi/Mitsuhashi. They had four children together, two sons and two daughters.Isoroku served in many positions in the Imperial Japanese Navy. As Isoroku Takano, he served in the Russo-Japanese War, during which he was wounded at the Battle of Tsushima. He was promoted to lieutenant commander in 1916, and was promoted to captain in 1923. As a captain of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Isoroku was a delegate to the US Naval War College in 1924. At first, he specialised in gunnery before switching to naval aviation, for which he was responsible for developing in the Imperial Japanese Navy.
After Isoroku was promoted to admiral in 1940, he was responsible for overseeing the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. He also participated in the Battle of Midway in 1942, which saw the United States Navy turning the tides of the Pacific War against the Imperial Japanese Navy.
On 14 April 1943, codebreakers for the US Navy decrypted the messages concerning Isoroku's tour throughout the areas occupied by Japan, and on 18 April, the plane Isoroku was piloting was shot down by American fighter aircraft in Operation Vengeance. The next day, the plane and Isoroku's body was found. His death decreased confidence in the Japanese military during World War II. He was posthumously promoted to the rank of Marshal-admiral.
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