NOTE: As of 28 April 2016 this biography is a complete re-write; the previous biography was somewhat disorganized and had much repetitive information. Hopefully I have captured the essential information from that biography and organized it in an easier to read format. Changed by Mike Ackley.
Nicholas Ackley is generally recognized as the first Ackley to arrive in America, and certainly a large number of Ackleys living in the United States today are his descendants. Fun fact: in the 2000 U.S. census (the most recent data available) there were 6,895 people with the Ackley surname; Ackley ranked 4,702 out of 151,671 surnames reported with at least 100 occurrences in that census . Contrast that with Smith, the most frequently occurring surname, which had 2,376,206 occurrences.
- Nicholas is widely reported to have been born around 1635 in Shalford, Essex, England. This date and location appears in many online family trees without any source citations to back this information up. Therefore, the details of Nicholas’ birth should be considered an open question.
- Although it is not known for sure when Nicholas arrived in America, there is speculation that he was here as early as 1649. According to "Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines: A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Mary Beman (Gates) Dawes Vol. II", “Nicholas was of Hartford, Connecticut, probably as early as 1649…”, although no evidence is offered as to why this date might be correct. In a footnote, the same reference speculates that “Nicholas was possibly one of several men and youths brought over by William Wadsworth. The latter is supposed to have reared and employed Daniel Brainerd, who later became a fellow-pioneer at Haddam with Nicholas.” (Wadsworth was one of the original proprietors of Hartford, having moved there from Massachusetts in 1636.)
- There is speculation that Nicholas came as an indentured servant and that he was freed from his indenture at age 16, but no evidence to support that assertion has been found (so at this point this should be considered a family legend that still needs some kind of proof). Another part of this legend is that Nicholas was sent to America by his father to escape the English Civil War, which took place between 1642 and 1651. The indentured servant story would not be surprising, as it is estimated that “Over half of all European immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries arrived as indentured servants.” Fun fact: The Census Bureau estimates that the population of Connecticut in 1650, about the time that Nicholas came, was about 6,000. The total estimated population of the colonies at that time was 51,700.
Early Residence in Hartford
- The earliest date for which written evidence could be found that Nicholas was in Hartford is 1653. According to "History of Northampton Massachusetts from its Settlement in 1654", he is listed as one of the original petitioners, many of whom were from Hartford, who signed a petition in May, 1653 seeking to establish a plantation at Nonotuck, Massachusetts (present-day Northampton; about 45 miles north of Hartford):
- There is no evidence that Nicholas ever settled in Nonotuck; as discussed below, records show that he was living in Hartford in 1655 and beyond.
- Nicholas was surely living in Hartford by 1655, as evidenced by the appearance of his name on the list of inhabitants who paid to have grain milled at the community mill in 1655, 1656, and 1657. He also is shown to have owned land in Hartford, specifically lot 42 on Trumbull Street, in 1655. By 1662 Nicholas was listed as the chimney viewer in Hartford . The duties of a chimney viewer were similar to a fire marshal – Nicholas was expected to inspect the chimneys of the town and ensure they were clean and in good working order to prevent fires. The map on page 613 of Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines shows Hartford in 1640. The lot that Nicholas would own ten years later is adjacent to the lot owned by William Wadsworth, mentioned above.
Original Proprietor of Haddam
- It is well documented that Nicholas was one of the original proprietors of Haddam, Connecticut. Nicholas is listed among the 28 young men who purchased land in what would become Haddam in 1662 according to "Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley" by George S. Roberts:
- This group of men is also honored with a plaque displayed in downtown Haddam:
- The town was established on the Connecticut River. The main part of the town was set up near Haddam Island, also known as Thirty Mile Island. Another group settled about a mile southeast in an area known as the Lower Plantation. A map of the original settlement compiled by Richard M. Bayles in History of Middlesex County, Connecticut can be seen here. Note that the map is actually two maps laid out side by side on the same page. The map on the left is the layout of the Lower Plantation, while the map on the right is the original town plot. You can see that Nicholas had two lots in the lower part of the Lower Plantation; an 8-acre lot and a 5-acre lot right next to it.
- Apparently Nicholas was slow to join his fellow proprietors in Haddam, which prompted them to seek his promise to make the move. From "Memoranda Relating to the Ancestry and Family of Sophia Fidelia Hall" we find this pledge from Nicholas to settle at Haddam:
- Nicholas was married twice. His first wife was Hannah. Hannah's name is given as Hannah Ford Mitchell in many online trees, but there are no sources supporting that name. They were married about 1656 in the United States . Click here to see the page
- Hannah is the mother of all of Nicholas’ children; they were listed in probate records as.:
- Some sources also list Nicholas and Benjamin as sons of Nicholas and Hannah, but p.40 of Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines theorizes that they are actually grandsons. 
- Also mentioned in probate records was Nicholas’ second wife, Miriam. Miriam’s surname is given as Moore (without a good source) in many online trees, but a note in Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines disputes that: “Sometimes surmised to have been Miriam Moore (Miles), but that can not be true, for she married first John Willey, and married secondly, 1689, Samuel Spencer (Gerrard) and became his widow in 1705.”
Death and Probate
- There is a record of his probate in the Hartford district of Connecticut. Nicholas died on 29 April 1695 in Haddam, Connecticut. An inventory was taken 8 May 1695, valuing Nicholas' estate at 188-11-0 (188 pounds, 11 shillings). On 5 September 1695, administration of the estate was assigned to his son John, and on 20 March 1696 an agreement on the settlement of the estate was reached among his widow Miriam and his children. Here is a summary of this record from Charles William Manwaring’s "A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records 1635-1700 Vol. I":
- ↑ https://www.census.gov, "Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (database on-line)". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, 2014.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Ferris, Mary Walton, Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines: A Memorial Volume Containing the American Ancestry of Mary Beman (Gates) Dawes Vol. II (Wisconsin: Cuneo Press, 1931), p. 33-54.
- ↑ Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, s.v. "Immigration to the United States," (accessed January 21, 2016), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_to_the_United_States#cite_note-mertsahinoglu-14.
- ↑ www2.census.gov, Population in the Colonial and Continental Periods [pdf on-line]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce (accessed January 21, 2016), http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/00165897ch01.pdf.
- ↑ Trumbull, James Russell, History of Northampton Massachusetts from its Settlement in 1654 (Northampton, Massachusetts: Press of Gazette Printing Co., 1898), p. 5-6.
- ↑ Hinman, Royal Ralph, Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut (Hartford, Connecticut: E. Gleanson, 1846), p. 110.
- ↑ Roberts, George S., Historic Towns of the Connecticut River Valley (Schenectady, New York: Robson & Adee, 1906), p. 75.
- ↑ Bayles, Richard M., “Town of Haddam”, History of Middlesex County, Connecticut with Biographical Sketches of Its Prominent Men. Henry Whittemore. (New York: J. B. Beers, & Co., 1884), p. 370-371.
- ↑ Coe, Sophia Fidelia Hall, Memoranda Relating to the Ancestry and Family of Sophia Fidelia Hall (Meriden, Connecticut: Curtiss-Way Co., 1902), p. 219.
- ↑ Torry, Clarence Almon, Elizabeth Petty Bentley, New England marriages prior to 1700 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1985), p. 3.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Manwaring, Charles William, A Digest of the Early Connecticut Probate Records 1635-1700 Vol. I (Hartford, Connecticut: R. S. Peck, & Co., 1904), p. 393
On 27 Apr 2012 M Lechner wrote:
The first two hundred years in Muskegon
books.google.com1976 - 174 pages - Snippet view To top it off, Mr. Haight had Gustave Anjoy, a Hasbrouck Heights, NJ, professional genealogist, trace the Hackley "family tree" back to Hughe De Hackluite in Herefordshire, England in 1377, and from then forward to the life of Charles ...
"A professional genealogist" were is his sources? mrl
Descendants of Hughe De Hackluite Nicholas Ackley listed in 12th generation
Generation No. 1
1. Hughe1 De Hackluite was born Abt. 1340 in Easton Roster, Leominster Co., Hereford, Engl., and died in England.
More About Hughe De Hackluite: Occupation: Sheriff of Hereford
Child of Hughe De Hackluite is: + 2 i. Walter2 Hackluite, born Abt. 1370 in England; died in England.
Generation No. 2
2. Walter2 Hackluite (Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Abt. 1370 in England, and died in England. He married Elizabeth Oldcassell Abt. 1390, daughter of Thomas Oldcasell.
Child of Walter Hackluite and Elizabeth Oldcassell is: + 3 i. Richard3 Hackluite, born Bet. 1391 - 1420 in England; died in England.
Generation No. 3
3. Richard3 Hackluite (Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Bet. 1391 - 1420 in England, and died in England. He married Maulde Vaughn Bet. 1412 - 1480, daughter of Roger Vaughn.
Child of Richard Hackluite and Maulde Vaughn is: + 4 i. Henry4 Hackluite, born Bet. 1448 - 1480 in England; died Bet. 1505 - 1567 in England.
Generation No. 4
4. Henry4 Hackluite (Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Bet. 1448 - 1480 in England, and died Bet. 1505 - 1567 in England. He married ? Cassey Abt. 1500 in Whitefield, E, daughter of ? Cassey.
Child of Henry Hackluite and ? Cassey is: + 5 i. Richard5 Hackluite, born Bet. 1456 - 1489 in England; died in England.
Generation No. 5
5. Richard5 Hackluite (Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Bet. 1456 - 1489 in England, and died in England. He married Sybill (Sibill) Maylborne Abt. 1500, daughter of Symonde Maylborne.
More About Richard Hackluite: Property: Yetton, Co. Hereford (Eaton in Leominster)
Child of Richard Hackluite and Sybill Maylborne is: + 6 i. Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, born in England; died Bet. 1471 - 1533 in England.
Generation No. 6
6. Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley (Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born in England, and died Bet. 1471 - 1533 in England. He married Anne Hadey 1466, daughter of Anne Hadey.
More About Roger/Rogeris Hackley/Atcherley: 1: Aka Rogeris Ackley or Atcherly of Akton, Co. Salop (Shropshire) 2: born Roger Hackluite
Child of Roger/Rogeris Hackley/Atcherley and Anne Hadey is: + 7 i. Roger7 Hackley, born Bet. 1452 - 1482 in Stanwardine, Shropshire, E; died in England.
Generation No. 7
7. Roger7 Hackley (Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Bet. 1452 - 1482 in Stanwardine, Shropshire, E, and died in England. He married Margaret Wythem Mar 17, 1499/00, daughter of Richard Wythem.
Child of Roger Hackley and Margaret Wythem is: + 8 i. Richard8 Hagley, born May 4, 1503 in Acton, Shropshire, E; died Jun 17, 1591 in Hopson Castle, Eng..
Generation No. 8
8. Richard8 Hagley (Roger7 Hackley, Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born May 4, 1503 in Acton, Shropshire, E, and died Jun 17, 1591 in Hopson Castle, Eng.. He married Mathilda (Maud) Wall Oct 29, 1548 in Hopton Castle, daughter of Richard Wall.
Notes for Richard Hagley: "Richus Ragley, duxit inuxorum suam Maud Wall" (marriage 29 Oct 1548)
Hopson Castle Parish Register.
He died there and was buried, "sep." 17 June, 1591, and his widow Matilda Hagley, buried 22 Sept 1593.
More About Richard Hagley: 1: Hopton Castle is a few miles SE of Acton 2: Richard Hackley, AKA Richard Hagley. 3: Appeared early at Hopson Castle with his brother, Johannes, and his sister, Matilda.
Child of Richard Hagley and Mathilda Wall is: + 9 i. William9 Ackley, born Jan 11, 1550/51 in Hopton Castle, Engl.; died in England.
Generation No. 9
9. William9 Ackley (Richard8 Hagley, Roger7 Hackley, Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Jan 11, 1550/51 in Hopton Castle, Engl., and died in England. He married Joanna Chattfield Jun 9, 1581 in St. Andrew Hubbard.
More About William Ackley: 1: Born, William Hagley Aka William Ackley Occupation: Grocer in London, E
Notes for Joanna Chattfield: She was widow of John Chatfield who had been constable of Lewes, Sussex, John Chatfield had a brother, Richard, whose g-grandsons, Francis, Thomas, and George emigrated from Oving Sussex to Guilfors, Conn., 1639.
Child of William Ackley and Joanna Chattfield is: + 10 i. John10 Hackley, born Mar 24, 1581/82 in England, John Ackley AKA John Hackley.
Generation No. 10
10. John10 Hackley (William9 Ackley, Richard8 Hagley, Roger7 Hackley, Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Mar 24, 1581/82 in England, John Ackley AKA John Hackley. He married Mary Gates May 3, 1603, daughter of Peter Gates and Mary Joselyn.
Child of John Hackley and Mary Gates is: + 11 i. John11 Hackley, born Bet. 1604 - 1637 in Hopton Castle, Shropshire, England; died in England.
Generation No. 11
11. John11 Hackley (John10, William9 Ackley, Richard8 Hagley, Roger7 Hackley, Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born Bet. 1604 - 1637 in Hopton Castle, Shropshire, England, and died in England. He married (1) Elizabeth Bailey in St. Anselm, daughter of Peter Bailey. He married (2) Elizabeth Bailey Jun 3, 1652 in St. Anselm, daughter of Peter Bailey.
Notes for John Hackley: Baptized 16 Sept 1625 in Hapton Castle, Shropshire, called "Sr", married St. Anselm, June 3, 1652, Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Bailey (whose brother Simeon Bailey, of London, wirth wife, Elizabeth Morris, had a son, John Bailer, who (with wife Margeret Reeve) emigrated to Salisbury, Mass, a weaver by trade. Nicholas Ackley, of St. Anselm, on May 3, 1661, conveyed to his brother, John Hackley, of Hampton Castle, four acres of land there. Peter Bailey, of Hampton Castle, late of St. James parish, Clerkenwell, London, on Sept. 18, 1679 made the following disposition, aged 58 (hence born in 1621). "He saith that about five weeks since on a tewsday, the said John Hackley did Cause his wife Jane to call on his examinate, going in the street before his doors, to come to him, which he, the examinate did. John Hackley said: "Neighbors, here is neither Minister nok clerk at home, and I would make my will how I dispose of my goods..." Jane, here mentioned was a second wife of John H., whom she had married, Feb.2,1659 at Broome, Shropshire. She dies and was buried at Hampton Castle, Shr., Mar 14, 1680: "Jane wife of John Hackley bur: "John Hackley of Hopton, Senr., bur. Oct, 1684" Administration was granted, Oct. 23, 1684 after John Hackley, Senr., to the eldest son then in England, Nicholas Hackley, the eldest son, Peter, being"across the seas". relatives of Peter Hackley, the Ogdens, Richardsons, Budd, Beach, Hintington, Baileys, eetc., had emigrated to the New World, some settling in Conn., and his own uncle, Nicholas Hackley (or as written, phonetically probably) Ackley, had settled at Hartford, Conn., and later on at East Haddam.
More About John Hackley: Baptism (LDS): Sept. 16, 1625, Hapton Castle, Shropshire Burial: Oct 1684
Child of John Hackley and Elizabeth Bailey is: + 12 i. Nicholas12 Ackley, born 1635 in Shalford, Essex, England; died Apr 29, 1695 in E. Haddam, Middlesex, Ct.
Generation No. 12
12. Nicholas12 Ackley (John11 Hackley, John10, William9 Ackley, Richard8 Hagley, Roger7 Hackley, Roger/Rogeris6 Hackley/Atcherley, Richard5 Hackluite, Henry4, Richard3, Walter2, Hughe1 De Hackluite) was born 1635 in Shalford, Essex, England, and died Apr 29, 1695 in E. Haddam, Middlesex, Ct. He married (1) Hannah Ford Mitchell Abt. 1656 in Hartford, Hartford, CT.. He married (2) Miriam Moore Aft. 1687.
Notes for Nicholas Ackley: Nicholas may have been one of several young men brought over to America by William Wadsworth. Daniel Brainerd and Nicholas were pioneers of Haddam CT. Nicholas had two pieces of land recorded to him in Hartford, one piece bought after 1655 and sold on Mar 20 1667/8 to a John Mitchell. The second piece he sold to Nathaniel Standley in Dec 1663. (or 1668) He was one of 28 young men who bought land in 1662 at "30 Mile Island" later called Haddam. He moved his family to this land in 1667. Nicholas owned in Haddam a 14 Acre home lot as well as the "little Island at thelowerend of the cove" and a "6 acre lot towards Saybrook. This cove is where the Salmon River enters the CT River. At his death his estate showed a valuation of 188-11-00 pounds. He did not leave a will and on 5 Sep 1695, adm. of his estate was granted to his son John. On 20 Mar 1696 the widow his 2nd wife and his children signed an agreement giving 12 pounds and the estate she bought to the "house" to his 2nd wife and to the eldest son John a double share and to each of the other children a single share.
More About Nicholas Ackley: 1: 1630, Possibly sailed on the "Mary and John" from Plymouth, Engl. to Nantucket, Mass. Occupation: Fire Marshall in Hartford Property: 1662, "30 Mile Island" later called Haddam. Residence: 1655, Hartford, CT The street became known as Trumbull St. (one of his great grandchildren was named Trumbull.
Login to add your own memory.
Searching for someone else?
Do you have a GEDCOM? Login to have every name in your tree searched. It's free (like everything on WikiTree).
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Nicholas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.
- Login to edit this profile.
- Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Katherine Patterson and Deborah Ann Pridgen. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
- Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
- Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)
On 24 Sep 2015 at 14:56 GMT Leigh (Hoolihan) Murrin wrote:
Nicholas is 15 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 14 degrees from Abraham Lincoln, 22 degrees from Ayn Rand, 18 degrees from Peter Roberts and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.