Howard Adams
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Howard Joseph Adams (1921 - 2001)

Dr. Howard Joseph Adams
Born in Saint Louis, Saskatchewan, Canadamap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadamap
Profile last modified | Created 18 May 2017
This page has been accessed 750 times.
Howard Adams was a Canadian First Peoples and member of the Metis Nation.
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Joseph Howard Adams was born in St. Louis, Sask. on 8 September 1921. He married first Gladys Waldie (with no issue). Secondly, he married Marge Baxter. He was employed with the Vancouver school board as he held both a teaching degree and Doctor of Philosophy. He also was a professor at University of Saskatchewan and also in California.


Howard Adams was one of the most important Aboriginal thinkers and activists to emerge from the radical cauldron of the 1960s. Imbued with anger at the centuries-old colonization of Canada’s Aboriginal population and infused with the self-determining ideology of the American Indian Movement, he developed Indigenous colonization theory for a Canadian context. To date, his books are perhaps the most searing indictment of Canada’s failed colonial policy towards its First Peoples. In his capacity as a Native Studies professor and author, he instructed hundreds of Aboriginal people to be proud of their heritage and history and provided them with the intellectual framework to decolonize themselves. Howard Adams was also a self-identified “Halfbreed” patriot and a Métis icon: he was the first Métis to obtain a PhD; and he was, for a time, the President of the Métis Society of Saskatchewan and the founder of the longest-running Métis-specific publication, New Breed Magazine. Later in life he was a much beloved Native Studies professor in GDI’s Saskatchewan Urban Native Teacher Education Program. Marge Adams, Howard’s widow, graciously donated dozens of images of her late husband, friends and family to the Institute’s archives. The photographs that are presented in this section are a sampling of this donation.


  • The Education of Canadians 1800-1867: The Roots of Separatism, Harvest House, 1968
  • Prison of Grass: Canada from a Native Point of View New Press, 1975, ISBN 9780887702112; Fifth House, 1989, ISBN 9780920079515
  • Tortured People: The Politics of Colonization Theytus Books Ltd., 1999, ISBN 9780919441378


  • National Aboriginal Achievement Award, now the Indspire Awards, for education, 1999.


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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Howard by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Howard:

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