He married first 1682 Mary Chapin (1662-1687) daughter of Josiah and Mary (King) Chapin.
He married second Hannah Bass 1688 (1667-1705) daughter of John and Ruth (Alden) Bass.
He married third, about 1708, Elizabeth Hobart (1666-1738/9) daughter of Caleb and Mary (Eliot) Hobart.
"He was elected selectman in 1699, constable 1700, surveyor of highways 1715, selectman 1716, 1717, surveyor 1720. He was in King Philips War in 1676 (Register Vol 43-268-71)."
"Lived on the Captains Plain at North end near present Granite & Center Sts. Quincy, and left most of his homestead to son Ebenezer by will who also lived there and probably built a new house as at Ebenezer's death there were two houses on the place."
Adams died 12 February 1736/7 in Braintree and was buried at Hancock Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk, Mass.
S.P. 33:83 Will of Joseph Adams Mar.1,1733/4 - Mar.22,1736(7)
"being through the decays of nature by reason of age but weak in body but of perfect mind". To wife Elizabeth £30 in bills of credit & the privilege of the 3 lower rooms in E. end of house & so much of the cellar as for her conveniency during life & 1 cow kept for her use & income of 1/3 of all rest & all moveables she brought to me & the Irish wheel to be disposed of as she shall please. To son Joseph £5 in bills of credit. To son John 70 a. meadow & upland in my homestead beginning at lower end of the brook & 1/4 of my wood lot in the 600 acres & £10 in bills of credit. To son Samuel half of salt meadow at Rock Island & a small piece of swampy land lying between the towns common & his own land, he paying £3 as directed. To son Josiah other half of salt meadow at Rock Island & a small piece of swampy land lying between the towns common & his own meadow he paying £3 as directed. To dau. Hannah Owen £20 in bills of credit & half of household moveables. To dau. Ruth Webb 40/ in bills of credit. To dau. Bethiah Adams £90 in bills of credit £6 to be paid by her brothers Samuel & Josiah & £84 by brother Ebenezer & half of moveables. To heirs of dau. Abigail Chaping £6 in bills of credit equally amongst the three. To son Ebenezer my dwelling house & barn, orchard & all lands & meadow & stock of cattle if any & he to be executor.
Witness: Thomas Baxter, Susanna Boylstone, Richard Thayer.
2. Abigail b. 17 Feb 1685/5 m. Seth Chapin of Mendon, her cousin
By 2nd wife Hannah
3. Joseph b. 4 Jan 1688/9. Grad of Harvard. Minister. Died Newington, New Hampshire 26 May 1783
4. John b. 8 Feb 1690/1
5. Samuel b. 28 Jan 1693/4
6. Josiah b. 18 Feb 1695/6
7. Hannah b. 21 Feb 1697/8; m. Benjamin Owen
8. Ruth b. 21 Mar 1699/700; m. Nathan Webb
9. Bethiah b. 13 June 1702; m. (1) Ebenezer Hunt; m. (2) Benjamin Bicknell; (3) Lt. Joshua Hayward
10. Ebenezer b. 30 Dec 1704
By 3rd wife Elizabeth
11. Caleb b. 26 May 1710; died 4 Jun 1710.
↑ 1.01.11.21.18.104.22.168.71.8 Sprague, Waldo Chamberlain. Genealogies of the Families Of Braintree, Norfolk, Mass., 1640-1850 Including the modern town of Randolph & Holbrook and the city of Quincy, after the separation from Braintree in 1792-3... Pages 14, 15. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register 2001) Electronic Version
↑ Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 13 May 2020), memorial page for Joseph Adams, Jr (24 Dec 1654–12 Feb 1736), Find A Grave: Memorial #3067, citing Hancock Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, USA ; Maintained by Plantagenet Princess (contributor 49922906).
Braintree, Massachusetts Published Town Records, including Vital Records. Samuel A. Bates. Higginson Book Co., Salem, MA, 2001 reprint.
American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI). Godfrey Memorial Library, comp. Online : Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data - Godfrey Memorial Library, Middletown, CT: Godfrey Memorial Library.
American Marriages Before 1699. Online -Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.Original data - Clemens, William Montgomery. American Marriage Records Before 1699. Pompton Lakes, NJ, USA: Biblio Co., 1926.
Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775
Mayflower Births and Deaths, Vol. 1 and 2
John Alden, Volume 16, Part One, A "Mayflower Families" GSMD Publication, part of the Silver Books., Compiled by Esther Littleford Woodworth - Barnes; edited by Alicia Crane Williams. (2002), page 142
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: