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Henry Adams (1609 - 1676)

Lt. Henry Adams
Born in Barton St. David, Somerset, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married 17 Oct 1643 in Braintree, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 67 in Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Dec 2008
This page has been accessed 12,030 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Henry Adams migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1621-1640).
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This profile is part of the Adams Name Study.

Henry Adams II was born in 1609 in England, emigrated to Massachusetts with his father Henry. mother, and six siblings on the ship Mary & John in 1638 [1], settled first in Braintree, and then removed to Medfield to help found that town in 1651.

He was the first town clerk of Braintree, Massachusetts, and later also of Medfield, Massachusetts. He was Representative of the latter town in the General Court for 1659, 1665,1674, and 1675.

He was Lieutenant of the Medfield military company, which fought against the Indians in 1675-76. He was killed by Indians waiting in ambush in his doorway, as he responded; to the alarm for their raid on Medfield on Feb. 21, 1675/6 [2], the second year of the war. His wife was accidentally shot the same day, at Rev. Mr. Wilson's house, and died 29th of February. She was confined to the house by sickness, and was in a bed in the chamber, when the gun in the hands of Capt. John Jacob of Hingham, who had charge of a company of about 80 men stationed at Medfield, was accidentally discharged in the room below her, the ball passing through her bed."

Henry was also considered to have been a resident of neighboring Sherborn, where he owned property. His is the first name recorded on Sherborn's monument to its sons who died in war. See image at right.

He married Elizabeth Paine on October 17, 1643 in Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts. He was the father of at least eight children in New England, first three in Braintree, [3] the last five in Medfield. [4]:

  1. Eleazer, born August 5, 1644
  2. Jasper, born June 23, 1647
  3. Elizabeth born November 11, 1649,
  4. John, born July 14, 1652,
  5. Henry, born July 14, 1652, died 1653
  6. Moses, born October 26, 1654
  7. Henry, born November 19, 1657
  8. Samuel , born December 2, 1661

Research Notes

  • Henry Adams III reportedly was earlier married to a Rachel _____, and perhaps had a child by her, Elizabeth born 1632. Two other possible children were Joseph, reportedly born in Braintree on June 23, 1647, and another John, reportedly born in Medfield on February 18, 1656. (No primary sources identified for those events. Further research needed.)
  • Adams-16917 15:12, 29 March 2018 (EDT) Shouldn't this be Henry !! ?

Henry was massacred at his front door in 1676. [5] [6]


  1. See father's profile
  2. The New England Historical and Genealogical Society, Vital Records of Medfield, Massachusetts to the Year 1850 (Boston, Mass. 1903)(Free e-book) (Records are also available at p. 190.
  3. Bates, Samuel A., Records of the Town of Braintree 1640-1793, ( D.H. Huxford, 1886) pp. 628
  4. NEHGS, Vital Records of Medfield, Massachusetts to the year 1850, (Boston, Mass. : NEHGS, 1903 pp. 11-13.
  5. Colonial Families of the USA, 1607-1775,
  6. Find a Grave, database and images ( accessed 24 June 2023), memorial page for Lieut Henry Adams Jr. (1609–21 Feb 1675), Find A Grave: Memorial #57938698, citing Sherborn Center Cemetery, Sherborn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA; Maintained by Mad (contributor 47329061). (No gravestone,

See also:

  • Bodge, George Madison, Soldiers in King Philip's War, ( Boston, Mass., Printed for the author, 1906) p. 284.
  • Tilden, William S., Ed., History of the Town of Medfield, Massachusetts, 1650-1880, p. 281.
  • Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Wisconsin. 1906. Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Wisconsin: list of officers and members, including pedigrees and a record of the services performed by ancestors in the wars of the colonies. Milwaukee, Wis: Burdick & Allen. Page 76.
  • By Single Threads a Fabric: The Lineage and Heirs of Simon Willoughby Smith

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Comments: 12

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Adams-56757 and Adams-54 appear to represent the same person because: Everything matches except marriage on -56757 date is likely a typo (see bio of -56757 for correct year). Son Moses on both profles. Please merge
posted by S (Hill) Willson

According to his death record Henry died on February 21, 1675. I add a photo copy of his record

posted by Kathy (Brown) Lamm
This is a case of an old style date, it was 21 Feb 1675/6. There is an account of the fight during King Philip's war in the History of the town of Medfield, Massachusetts, 1650-1886, p. 85. You'll need to leaf back through the chapter to see that it refers to events beginning in the summer of 1675 and continuing through the winter of 1676.
posted by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
edited by Bobbie (Madison) Hall
Adams-21263 and Adams-54 appear to represent the same person because: same person
posted by Summer Seely
Adams-34623 and Adams-54 appear to represent the same person because: same parents and death
posted by Robin Lee
Does anyone have a passenger list for the Mary & John from 1638 ? The only listings I have were from 1630 and 1634.

Thank you, Rebecca

posted by Rebecca Snider
I added some primary sources and rearranged part of the biography in this profile of my 8th great-grandfather, and added a research note that raises issues about three relationships in the profile for which I found no primary source: the first wife recorded in the profile, first child named Elizabeth, and a second son with the name John.
posted by Halsey Bullen
Al is Henry's 9th great grand nephew
posted by Al Adams
Died in 1675 or 1676.
posted by Krissi (Hubbard) Love

Featured German connections: Henry is 17 degrees from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 18 degrees from Dietrich Bonhoeffer, 21 degrees from Lucas Cranach, 18 degrees from Stefanie Graf, 18 degrees from Wilhelm Grimm, 20 degrees from Fanny Hensel, 23 degrees from Theodor Heuss, 14 degrees from Alexander Mack, 31 degrees from Carl Miele, 15 degrees from Nathan Rothschild, 20 degrees from Hermann Friedrich Albert von Ihering and 19 degrees from Ferdinand von Zeppelin on our single family tree. Login to see how you relate to 33 million family members.