Samuel Adams
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Samuel Adams (abt. 1617 - 1689)

Captain Samuel Adams
Born about in Barton St. David, Somerset, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married before 1646 in British American Coloniesmap [uncertain]
Husband of — married 8 Oct 1652 in Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Husband of — married 7 May 1668 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died at about age 72 in Charlestown, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 14 Dec 2008
This page has been accessed 17,985 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Samuel Adams migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1621-1640).
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This profile is part of the Adams Name Study.

Samuel Adams was born about 1617 probably in Barton St. David, Somerset, England, or nearby. His gravestone says he was age 72 when he died in 1689.[1] His brother was baptized in Barton St. David.[2] He was the son of Henry Adams and his wife Edith Squire.

He emigrated to New England with his parents in 1638 and lived with them in Braintree, Massachusetts. He was admitted as a free man of the Massachussets Bay Colony on 10 May 1643[3] and was one of 32 Braintree petitioners for a land grant in Oct. 1645. During the next few years he lived in Charlestown and Concord where he acquired land as did his brothers Thomas and John. The land was sold on 8 March 1654 to Richard Temple. He joined his brother Thomas in Chelmsford where he erected and conducted mills (now Lowell). He was appointed captain of the Chelmsford military company and was town clerk in 1679 .

Samuel had four hundred and fifty acres of land granted him, near where the city of Lowell now is, and exclusive right to erect and run a sawmill, provided he would sell boards at three shillings per one hundred; and another grant of one hundred acres and right to build and run a grist mill or corn mill, provided he would keep a sufficient mill and miller; he was commissioner to the court, 1667, from Chelmsford.[4]

He died January 24, 1688-89..[1] And was buried about 25 January 1688/89 Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts.


Captain Samuel Adams married
(1) Mary [Eglesfield], in England, by 1646;[5]
(2) Rebecca, daughter of Thomas Graves; [5]
(3) Esther, daughter of Nathaniel Sparhawk, on 7 May 1668.[6]

Death & Probate

In Charlestown, Capt. Samuel Adams of Chelmsford, falling sick here, d. Jan. 24, 1688. [1688/9][7]

Inventory taken 26 Feb 1688/9 valued at about £320. Named in the distribution records were Widow Hester, sons in law Daniel Waldo, John Waldo and Samuel Webb, Joseph Adams and Benjamin Adams (to his guardian Joseph Thompson)[8]


Children of Samuel Adams and his 1st wife Mary Eglesfield;

  1. Samuel Adams. b. 3 (5) 1647 (3 July 1647) in Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts.[7]

Children of Samuel Adams and his 2nd wife Rebecca Graves; a total of 11 children including 2 sets of twins who died young

  1. Thomas b. 1652. b. in Concord c. 1651/2 m. Charlestown Thomas Adams & Marie [Blacknuden?] [Blackmore, Co. Rec. 4:5], m. by Capt. Samuell Adams, Commr. in Chelmsford, Apr. 28, 1680.[6] Died childless before his father.
  2. Rebecca Adams. (1654 - 1727). Rebeckah Adams, d. Samuell, and John Walldo, s. of Cornelias, m. Mar __ 16 [torn 1673-4?][6] John Waldo was called son-in-law in her father's probate record.[8]
  3. John Adams. (1657 - 1657). b. 1656 d. young. Claimed by the Bartlett "Henry Adams Genealogy[9]
  4. Katharine Addams, b. 29 Oct 1657, Charlestown.[7] The Andrew Adams Genealogy claims that Katherine had a twin brother John. He is not named in the vital records.
  5. Katherin Adames b. 1658, Charlestown[7]
  6. Susanna Adams. b. c 1662. m. Samuel Walldow 20 9m 1683 (20 Nov 1683)[6] Samuel Waldo was called son-in-law in her father's probate record.[8]
  7. Nathaniel 28 Feb 1662, Chelmsford.[6]
  8. Marah Addams. (1664 - 1744) b. 8 Sep 1664.[6] Mary married Samuell Web of Braintree 16 Dec 1686.[6] Samuel Webb was called son-in-law in her father's probate record.[8] The Andrew Adams Genealogy claims that Marah had a twin brother Nathaniel. He is not named in the vital records.

Children of Samuel Adams and his 3rd wife Esther Sparhawk;

  1. Ester [Hester] Adames. b. 9 Apr 1669 in Chelmsford, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay.[6]
  2. Samuel Adames. b. 7 Mar 1671 in Chelmsford, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay.[6]
  3. Joseph Adams. b. 27 11 m 1672 (27 Jan 1672/3) in Chelmsford, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay[6]
  4. Benjamin Adams. b. 29 May 1679 in Chelmsford, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay.[6]


Caution: The Vital Records of Chelmsford[10] lists 3 different Samuel Adams who married women named Esther/Ester/Hester between 1668 and 1746.

  1. 1.0 1.1 Find A Grave: Memorial #25943969 Phipps Street Burying Ground, Charlestown, Suffolk County, Massachusetts,
  2. Bartlett, Josiah Gardner, Henry Adams of Somersetshire, England and Braintree, Mass.: His English Ancestry and Some of His Descendants, (New York, 1927, privately published), p. 51,
  3. Andrews, H.F. (arranger). [ List of Freemen Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1630 to 1691]. Exira, Iowa: Exira Printing, 1906.
  4. Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs: Adams
  5. 5.0 5.1 Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700. (Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.) Volume 1, page 10. Originally published as: New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 Vital records of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, to the end of the year 1849 (Salem, Mass. : The Essex Institute, 1914) birth pp 9-15; marriages about pp. 171-173.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Vital Records of Charlestown to the Year 1850. (Boston: NEHGS 1984. Published as Massachusetts: Vital Records, 1621-1850 (Online Database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001-2016). Samuel; Katherine 1 Katherin 2; Thomas p. 63; death p. 140
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Middlesex County, MA: Probate File Papers, 1648-1871.Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2014. (From records supplied by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Archives. Digitized mages provided by
  9. Bartlett, Joseph Gardner, 1872-1927. Henry Adams of Somersetshire, England, And Braintree, Mass.,: His English Ancestry And Some of His Descendants. New York: Priv. print., 1927. p. 77
  10. Vital Records of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849 (The Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts, 1914) [ pp. 171, 175].
  • Adams, Andrew Napoleon. A Genealogical History of Henry Adams, of Braintree, Mass. (The Author, The Tuttle Co., Printers, Rutland, VT, 1898); p.5 From the Genealogical History of Henry Adams, of Braintree. Mass by Andrew Adams, 1898: Captain Samuel', b. in England, 1617; m. (1) Rebecca Graves, dau. of Thomas Graves; d. 8 Oct,,1662-1. m. (2) May 7, 1668, Esther Sparhawk, dau. of Nathaniel Sparhawk of Cambridge, Mass.; d. 4 Nov., 1745.
  • Jones, Hank. The Palatine Families of New York. A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710 (Universal Studios, Universal City, California, 1985) 2 Volumes.

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Comments: 15

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Changes were made recently to the birth and death data for the profile, without any discussion. I've reverted the changes. [The father was also changed to "non-biological" which should be used for adopted parents...not sure if that was the intent].

I've reverted the changes. They may be correct, but should be discussed first, and then bio and sources updated so the data fields match the biography.

posted by M Cole
Have restored the change made just earlier that added a middle name "Henry"; a reliable source was not cited and there was no collaboration.

Separately, I note FindAGrave gives his name as "Capt. Samuel Henry Adams" but I didn't see the middle name further mentioned and the narrative there. Inscription is reported giving the name as "Captain Samuel Adams."

posted by GeneJ X
That's a different Samuel Adams elected in 1794, after this one was long deceased.
posted by Anne B
Mention in

"A History of Farmington Franklin County, Maine, From the Earliest Explorations to Present Time, 1775 - 1885" by Francis Gould Butler .. Farmington Press of Knowlton, McLFaky and co. 1885

posted by Betty Jo Bunker
Correction.. No Abraham, my bad, it was Benjamin..
posted by Betty Jo Bunker
Just about every male Adams have a Samuell.. but this one, in his 3rd marriage, named their first child, a daughter after her mother.. I am looking for this Samuell's son named Abraham.
posted by Betty Jo Bunker
"The Vital Records of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, to the End of the Year 1849"

By Chelmsford ( Mass.) Essex Institute ( Scholar Select) has Adames, Samuell, and Ester [ Hester. CT. R.] Sparhawk, May 7, 1668. {Married in Chelmsford,} page 171

posted by Betty Jo Bunker
Adams-13114 and Adams-55 do not represent the same person because: Adams-13114 has no details so the profile could be representative of any Samuel Adams.
posted by Allan Stuart
Adams-13114 and Adams-55 appear to represent the same person because: please merge
posted by Al Adams
Adams-34626 and Adams-55 appear to represent the same person because: same parents and dates
posted by Robin Lee
Does he need to be ppp?
posted by Anne B
*The Granberry Family & Allied Families (1945), p. 355 qualifying ancestor for Society of Colonial Dames of America
posted by Lydia Vierson