no image
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Peter Adams (bef. 1622 - bef. 1690)

Peter Adams
Born before in Kingweston, Somerset, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1650 in Braintree, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died before at about age 68 in Medfield, Suffolk, Massachusetts Baymap
Profile last modified | Created 14 Dec 2008
This page has been accessed 7,750 times.
This profile is part of the Adams Name Study.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Peter Adams migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
Discuss: pgm

Your help with the bio is eagerly invited!



Peter was born or christened 1 March 1622 in Kingweston, England, son of Henry Adams and Edith Squire. He arrived in New England abt.1638. probably one of the thirty-two Braintree petitioners of Oct. 1645 but with his name erroneously written Christopher. [1] [Christ = X so Christoper was often written Xopher which Peter could look like to a translator.]

He was mentioned in his father's will in 1646 and was admitted Freeman of Massachusetts Colony May 22, 1650, being then a resident of Braintree. [2]

He married abt. 1650 in Braintree Rachel, who is recorded as the mother of his children. She is believed to Rachel Newcomb, eldest daughter of Francis Newcomb and Rachel Bracket of Braintree.[3] but no marriage record exists.

In 1651 Peter, his new wife and child, moved with his brothers Henry and Edward and his mother and step-father to Medfield, a new town recently set off from Dedham, the town’s western frontier area. The first 13 lots were issued 19 June 1650. In the spring or summer of 1651 Peter and his kin received their lots. Peter’s 2-1/2 acres [on Bridge Street near Dale Street just east of the Charles River ] was the first in a line of Adams house lots - to the northwest lay his brother Edward's lot, next a clay pit, then his stepfather John Fussell ’s lot and finally his brother Henry's lot.] [4]

His older brother Henry was the active one, serving as town clerk from the beginning.

On 21 Feb 1675/6, when Peter was in his mid-50s, the Indians, as a part of the general uprising known as King Philips War, made a surprise early dawn raid on Medfield. They burned half of the houses in town, including the homes of the Adams families near the river, and killed fifteen people, including Peter's aged stepfather, who was unable to leave his burning house, and his brother Henry, who was shot at his front door. The homes of sons-in-law George Fairbank and John Fisher were also burned. [5]

After the attack, Peter rebuilt and continued to live in Medfield. At the time of his death, twenty years later, in 1690, his homestead, per his estate papers, totaled 8-1/2 acres, described as upland and meadow on the lower (west) side of the way (Bridge St.).

The date of Rachel's death is not known. She died before Peter for she is not mentioned in the division of his estate.

Peter died in 1690 [age c.67]. [His death was not recorded in the Medfield vital records nor he did not leave a will.] His estate was inventoried on October 23, 1690 and appraised at £234. The following April the court divided the estate among the following heirs [the men signed and the women put their mark to the document]: Peter Adams, John Fisher and wife Hannah, John Adams, Joseph Adams, Mary Adams, Ruth Adams, and [brother] Ens. Edward Adams for Samuel Adams. The 8-1/2 acre homestead was divided 1/4 each to Hannah Fisher, John Adams, Joseph Adams and Mary Adams; about 26 acres on the west side of the Charles River went to Peter Jr.; and the large 101-acre tract as well as his horse went to to Ruth. The two children of deceased daughter Rachel were not mentioned. [For a copy and more, see:[6]]

They had nine more children, all born in Medfield.[7]

[8] Note: Although Tilden, p. 291, says the first born was John, according to the estate papers, Peter Jr. was the eldest son. That makes Rachel the eldest child and likely the baby who arrived with them.


  1. Rachel Adams, b.est.1651, m. Dec 1 1671 George Fairbanks. Jr., d. May 12 1678. Lived in Medfield MA.
  2. Peter Adams Jr. Dea. b. Apr 1653, m. May 27 1680 Experience Cooke, d. Dec 8 1723. Lived in Medway [Millis].
  3. Hannah Adams, b. Jan 16 1655/6, m.1 Mar 6 1673/4 widower John Fisher, m.2 Mar 12 1729/30 widower Joseph Metcalf, d. Nov 1 1746. Lived in Medfield.
  4. John Adams, b. c.1658, m. Apr 2 1685 Michall Bloyse, d. Feb 16 [or 26] 1724/5. Moved to Canterbury, CT.
  5. Mary Adams, b. Mar 1 1661, d. Mar 19 1703/4. Single.
  6. Jonathan Adams, b. Jul 11 1663, d. May 15 1664.
  7. Ruth Adams, b. Jun 20 1665, m. Dec 22 1691 Amos Fisher, d. Nov 26 1745. Lived in Dedham's West End [Westwood], died in Needham MA.
  8. Joseph Adams, b. Aug 25 1668, m. abt.1690 Mary Davenport, d. Dec 9 1748. Moved to Canterbury CT.
  9. Samuel Adams, b. Apr 2 1671, m. Nov 11 1703 Sarah Sabin, d. Feb 15 1730/1. Lived in Medfield.
  10. Henry Adams, b. Jan 6 1673/4. Not named in division of estate.

Research Notes

  • Deleted links to photos on as they require login; also deleted links to private family trees


  1. Mackenzie, George Norbury, and Nelson Osgood Rhoades, editors. Colonial Families of the United States of America: in Which is Given the History, Genealogy and Armorial Bearings of Colonial Families Who Settled in the American Colonies From the Time of the Settlement of Jamestown, 13th May, 1607, to the Battle of Lexington, 19th April, 1775. 7 volumes. 1912. Reprinted, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1966, 1995.
  2. Waldo C. Sprague, Genealogies of the Families of Braintree, Massachusetts, 1640-1850, including the Modern Towns of Randolph and Holbrook and the City of Quincy, Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society (2001), p12
  3. Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages Before 1700, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985 Reprint.
  4. Tilden, William Smith. History of the town of Medfield, Massachusetts. (1886), p. 48.
  5. Tilden, p.84, 85.
  6. Adams, Eleanor Enid, Ancestors and Descendants of Jeremiah Adams (1974), p. 35. [Family Search]
  7. Norfolk, Vital Records of Medfield to the year 1850, pp9-13
  8. Tilden, William S., The History of the Town of Medfield, Massachusetts 1650-1886, (Boston, Geo. H. Ellis, 1887), p.291

See also:

  • Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots; Volume: 1; Serial: 10572; Volume: 12


  • Created through the import of David Rentschler Family Tree_2010-09-30.ged on 01 October 2010.
  • Created through the import of Schauman Skinner Tree_2011-05-21.ged on 22 May 2011.
  • Adams-5488 created through the import of DeMarco-Gaffney Family Tree.ged on Jul 1, 2011 by Regina DeMarco.
  • Adams-6169 created through the import of Adele Schauman Skinner_2011-07-11.ged on Jul 11, 2011 by Adele Schauman.
  • Adams-6437 created through the import of 2e4y9w_6792005b2a92y72e4mejcc.ged on Jul 27, 2011 by Allan Stuart.
  • Thank you to Barbara Corley for creating WikiTree profile Adams-11860 through the import of export-BloodTree.ged on May 12, 2013.

Sponsored Search

Sponsored Search by

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Peter by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Peter:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.


Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments: 4

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Adams-34621 and Adams-59 appear to represent the same person because: same parents and dates
posted by Robin Lee
Updated the Sprague reference to the 2001 NEHGS version, and added page numbers for references.
posted by Walter Howe
Elizabeth Sparhawk was born in 1644. She was probably the sister of Esther who married Samuel Adams. She married Peter Adams , son of Henry Adams and Edith Squire, on 7 May 1668. Her death date has not been found.
posted by Al Adams
Peter Adams married as his second wife Elizabeth Sparhawk on 7 May 1668.
posted by Al Adams