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Thomas Alcock (bef. 1614 - 1657)

Thomas Alcock
Born before in Englandmap
Son of [uncertain] and [mother unknown]
Husband of — married about 1636 in Massachusettsmap
Descendants descendants
Died after age 43 in Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusettsmap
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Profile last modified | Created 31 Dec 2009
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The Birth Date is a rough estimate. See the text for details.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Alcock migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1621-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. 1, p. 18)
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Disputed Parents

While we know that George Alcock, Thomas Alcock and Elizabeth (Alcock) Whitehead were siblings, there is no proof of who their parents are.

John Alcock and Alice Alrich have been disconnected as parents of the three Alcock siblings. Thomas's birth place is sometimes reported as Riding, Northumberland, without evidence or source.


According to Robert Charles Anderson in The Great Migration Begins, the origins of Thomas Alcock are unknown.[1]

Judging from his dates of church admission (1630) and freemanship 1635), he was born no later than 1614. Although his parents are unknown, he had a brother of George Alcock of Roxbury and a sister Elizabeth Whitehead of Leamington Prioris, Warwickshire, whose sons were in New Haven.[1]

He emigrated to New England by 1630.[1]

Thomas was admitted to the church in Boston in 1630 [BChR 14] and then 8 Sep 1639 he and his wife Margery were recommended to the church at Dedham.[BChR26][1][2]

He was a freeman 6 May 1635 [MBCR 1:370][1] and was chosen as the Boston cowkeeper from 1651-1656.[1]

Thomas married by 1635 Margery _______; she m2 Boston 16 Nov 1660 John Benham (BVR 77), and moved to New Haven; she m3 Charlestown 20 Feb 1666/7 Richard Pritchard [ChVR 1:24][1]

Most secondary sources assign two wives to Thomas Alcock: Mary, mother of the first two children, and Margery, the mother of the rest. But Mary is attested on only one record, the Dedham birth record for daughter Elizabeth. We are claiming, though, that this is the same as the Elizabeth baptized in Boston. The abbreviated form for Margery ("Margy") can be misread as Mary, and this may well be what has happened here. Our conclusion is that Thomas probably had only one wife, Margery.[1]

He was granted land in Dedham and was on the Dedham tax lists.[1]

Thomas Alcock died in Boston 14 Sept 1657.[1][3]



  1. Mary Alcock, bp Boston 8 Nov 1635; d bef 4 Oct 1644
  2. Elizabeth Alcock, bp Boston 10 Dec 1637; m Boston 6 May 1656 Joseph Soper
  3. Sarah Alcock, b Dedham 28 Dec 1639; no further record
  4. Hannah Alcock, b Dedham 25 May 1642
  5. Mary Alcock b Dedham 4 Oct 1644; m Dorchester 27 Sep 1664 James Robinson
  6. Rebecca Alcock, b Dedham 21 Oct 1646; no further record
  7. (possibly) Philip Alcock, b abt 1648; m1 New Haven 5 Dec 1672 Elizabeth Mitchell; m2 Wethersfield 4 Apr 1699 Sarah Butler, widow of Nathaniel.[4]
  8. John Alcock, b Boston 2 Jul 1651; m by 1678 Constance Mylam, dau of Humphrey Mylam.

"There is no deed or probate record which accounts for all the children of Thomas Alcock, and that there are three daughters unaccounted for beyond their births: Sarah, Hannah and Rebecca. They may well have married, and, given the residences of their mother and known siblings, they might be anywhere in Massachusetts or Connecticut."[1]


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Anderson, Robert Charles, (1995) "Thomas Alcock," featured name, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III. NEHGS (Volumes I-III, Page 18).
  2. Information in [ ] are the source references used by Anderson.
  3. (1908) Boston births, baptisms, marriages and deaths, 1630-1699. Boston: Municipal Printing Office, (p. 61).
  4. Philip may fit in this family, and if so would have accompanied his mother from Boston to New Haven after her marriage with John Benham.

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Thomas Alcock Birthdate: January 20, 1609 Birthplace: Impington, Cambridgeshire, England (United Kingdom) Death: July 14, 1657 (48) Dedham, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, British Colonial America Immediate Family: Son of John Richard Alcock and Elizabeth "Alice" Alcock Husband of Mary Alcock and Margery Alcock Father of Elizabeth Soper; Sarah Alcock; Mary Alcott; Rebecca Alcock; Phillip Olcott and 3 others Brother of Elizabeth Whitehead; Dea. George Alcock and Thomas Alcock Occupation: cowkeeper Managed by: Private User Last Updated: November 6, 2022

posted by Timothy Alcott
The following was sent through the pvt messaging system; but it really belongs here.

"Hi PGM Project Members:

I am a 10th great-granddaughter of Thomas Alcocke and Margery through their son Philip who was born about 1646 and moved with his widowed mother Margery Alcock who married as her second husband widower John Benham of New Haven Colony.

I have used Thomas Alcocke to join the lineage society Daughters of Founders and Patriots as Thomas' 2nd great-grandson Daniel Alcox (variant on the original Alcocke) was a Lieutenant in the CT militia during the American Revolutionary War.

For more info on this Alcocke family to include George, Thomas' older brother and their sister Elizabeth Alcocke Whitehead (Elizabeth remained in England but sent two of her sons to Massachusetts), please read the article by Patricia Law Hatcher, CG, 'Details, Details, Details: Reviewing Existing Scholarship for Alcock Origins'; National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 85, Number 3, September 1997, pgs 195-218, to be found

If the article cannot be found online, I will be glad to scan the copy I have and email to someone on the PGM team.

My lineage from Thomas Alcocke:

Thomas m. Margery (unk) Philip m. Elizabeth Mitchell (lst) John m. Susannah Heaton John m. Deborah Blakeslee/Blakesley Daniel m. Elizabeth Dutton Benjamin m. Chloe Norton (she descends from Ann (Lloyd) Yale Eaton of New Haven Colony, left New Haven Colony after the death of her second husband Governor Theophilus Eaton and died a widow at Seven Oaks in England about 1659) Amon m. Louisa Skinner (She was a descendant of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower) Harvey N. m. Sally Holiday/Halliday Amon H. m. Mary Jane Lamphere Jay H. m. Alida Bills (She was a descendant of Isaac Allerton, Sr. and Richard Warren of the Mayflower) Carlton R. m. Rose Elizabeth Greengrow, b. England Russell Jay m. Lois Lometa Ray Linda Lea Alcott m. James H. Maples

I also have a couple of pages of info regarding Thomas Alcocke's time at Dedham, MA from about 1643 to his return to Boston about 1652 where he was appointed the town 'cow keeper'. I hope he got paid well for that job.

The information about Dedham was compiled by the librarian at Dedham, MA's library.


Linda Alcott Maples (alcott-171)

        • Who within the PGM googlegroup Crew would like to contact her and get email copy of the article by Patricia Law Hatcher? I did a quick check for the article online, but didn't find it.
posted by Cheryl (Aldrich) Skordahl
edited by Cheryl (Aldrich) Skordahl
Cheryl, it looks like Anne B. corresponded with this woman back in May of this year and read that article, based on comments on the profile of Thomas sister Katherine Alcock-419. Maybe Anne has an opinion on whether it's worth adding to this profile? I'm not sure how to tag multiple people on a comment like this, if it's possible.
posted by Brad Stauf
I have the article (and access to NGSQ issues). Certainly the information on Thomas life in Dedham (not in the article), if sourced, would be a nice addition to the profile, if someone wants to add the information. I think most of the other information has been covered in the respective profiles already.
posted by Anne B
Please see G2G post
posted by Anne B
anne you sure put alot of time in fixing what the family search matches alter on his profile. I am removing me as manager to stop that from happening anymore
Please see G2G post
posted by Anne B
Alcocke-17 and Alcock-13 appear to represent the same person because: Same name (same father's name, although this is assumed), same birth date, same death place, and similar death dates (could be as a result of old-style dating). Please also note son, Philip, mentioned in bio of Alcock-13 with same birth date for him, too. We have here three matching generations. No doubts.

Please approve if you agree. Thanks!

posted by Cynthia (Billups) B
Alcock-13 and Alcocke-17 do not represent the same person because: not the same
I've tracked down what may be a source for this family. The Alcocks of Maine, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire: John Alcock and His Wife Elizabeth Wrightman, Anne Alcock and Her Husband Nicholas Needham, and Katherine Alcock and Her Husband Gregory Belcher published in New Hampshire Genealgical Register Vol 26 nos 2 & 3. I'm going to see if I can locate a copy. Do you have a copy?
posted by Anne B
A second (better) option would be to rename John as Unknown Alcock. We need a place holder to stick the siblings together.
posted by Anne B
This is clearly a duplicate of Alcock-13. The father John is unsourced and is going to be disconnected for lack of proof. Objections?
posted by Anne B
Parents John Alcock and Alice Alrich on this profile are going to be disconnected for lack of proof. Objections?
posted by Anne B
Alcocke-17 and Alcock-13 do not represent the same person because: some things are the same, most are not, the project he belongs to should be asked
More on Thomas here:

Starts about the middle of Page 18

posted by Michael Stills

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