John Alden(Jr) was the first son and second child of John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, who both came to Plymouth in 1620 on the Mayflower. It is known that his parents married in Plymouth, and therefore calculated that John was born in Plymouth.
The Division of Cattle made 22 May 1627, placed John Alden(Sr), Priscilla Alden, and their children Elizabeth and John Alden(Jr) in a lot together. Using the death record of Elizabeth Alden (eldest child of John and Priscilla), we can guess that she was born about 1624-5, placing the marriage of his parents about 1623. This allows a calculated date of birth for John Alden(Jr) 1625-6.
The Alden family began building their home in Duxbury during the summers, possibly completing the home by 1631, and likely living in Duxbury year round. By April, 1632 the family was returning to Plymouth during the winter. The burden of getting the family to public worship and church meetings became great for all families living in Duxbury; and the Alden family was one of many that returned to living in Duxbury year round.
John(Jr) was a member of the Old South Church of Boston. He married at Boston, Massachusetts on April 1, 1660. His wife and mother of their 13 children was Elizabeth Phillips, widow of Abiel Everill. Little is known of Elizabeth (Philips) (Everill) Alden. It is believed she was born before 1640. Although John and Elizabeth had 13 children, only five lived long enough to marry.
For most of his adult life he maintained his residence at Boston. He was a freeman. He was a mariner (Sea Captain), and later he became a naval commander of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was involved with trade from Virginia to England. He also traded with the French in Nova Scotia. He lost cargo to the Bermuda Company and lost a ship to the Dutch. As a prominent and respected citizen, he also negotiated for the release of captives taken by Indians.
Deputy governor of MA from 1664-1665, 1667.
Once, on a trip to Salem, he was accused of witchcraft, spending 15 weeks in a Boston jail. He escaped shortly before nine others accused of witchcraft were executed. Later he was exonerated.
He was a partner with his father-in-law, William Phillips, in a saw mill at York, Maine and was involved with the settling of Maine.
On January 13, 1686, John Alden(Sr) willed “for that natural love and affection which I bear to my firstborn and dutiful son John Alden of Boston,” 100 acres at Pekard Neck, 100 acres at Rootey Brook, and other deeds of property to John Alden(Jr). The will stipulated that should John(Jr) decide to sell the Rootey Brook property, he was required to give first right of purchase to his brother, David Alden. (Plymouth County Land Records, 5:437)
Elizabeth Phillips Alden was buried at Boston, February 16, 1695/6.
John Alden(Jr) passed away on March 14, 1701/02 at Boston, Massachusetts His ancient slate headstone remains embedded in the wall of the Old South Church of Boston.
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