John (Allen) Anderson

John (Allen) Anderson (abt. 1844)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Private John Anderson formerly Allen
Born about in Columbia, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United Statesmap
Husband of — married before 1870 [location unknown]
Died [date unknown] in United Statesmap
Profile manager: K Raymoure private message [send private message]
Profile last modified 2 Feb 2020 | Created 1 Mar 2018
This page has been accessed 134 times.



John A. (Allen) Anderson was born about 1844 in Columbia, Pennsylvania. He was the child of Rebecca and John Anderson. He and his sisters Mary and Rebecca shared the Allen surname in 1850, but thereafter were Andersons. Mostly likely they were Rebecca's children from a previous marriage and took their stepfather's surname, but it's also possible the couple adopted the Allen children.

He served with the famous 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War.

He was a lifelong resident of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.


In 1860, he is attending school, probably in or near Marietta, Pennsylvania.


  • 1870, 1880: Laborer
  • 1863: Shoemaker


  • 1880: Front, Marietta, Pennsylvania with his wife and children
  • 1870: East Donegal Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania with his wife, children, and 60-year-old Hanna Jones
  • 1863: Lancaster, Pennsylvania (military enlistment)
  • 1860: Marietta, Pennsylvania with his parents and siblings
  • 1850: Marietta, Pennsylvania with his parents, siblings, 21-year-old James Allen, and 22-year-old Andrew W. Allen

Military Service

During the Civil War, he served as a Private in Company D of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the second[1] regiment in the United States made up entirely of enlisted men of color. He was about 19 years old, single and working as a shoemaker[2] when he enlisted on 19 March 1863 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Mustered out 20 August 1865 with his regiment.[3]

Note: There is also a John W. Anderson in Co. D.


Military Pension Application No. 1089736 (22 January 1892)


Military Pension Application No. 721623 Certificate No. 589359 (12 August 1889)
Military Pension Widow Application No. 697771


  • 1850, 1860, 1870: Black
  • 1880: Mulatto


He is buried at Zion Hill Cemetery in Columbia, Pennsylvania.

Research Notes

To do:

☐ Death record on Library Edition?



  1. and the first with federal recognition; the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry regiment was against the wishes of the Secretary of War and filled only six companies, but did see action a full year before the 54th
  2. the McKay roster in Emilio erroneously lists his profession as farmer, but the Regimental Descriptive Book confirms "farmer" was for John W. Anderson of the same company
  3. Emilio, Roster p. 354
  • 1850 United States Federal Census Year: 1850; Census Place: Marietta, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Roll: M432_787; Page: 398B; Image: 799 (as John A. Allen)
  • 1860 United States Federal Census Year: 1860; Census Place: Marietta, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Roll: M653_1122; Page: 372; Family History Library Film: 805122 (as John Anderson)
  • 1870 United States Federal Census Year: 1870; Census Place: East Donegal, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Roll: M593_1355; Page: 347A; Family History Library Film: 552854 (as John Anderson)
  • 1880 United States Federal Census Year: 1880; Census Place: Marietta, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1141; Page: 337C; Enumeration District: 137 (as John Anderson)
  • Emilio, Luis Fenollosa. History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1863-1865, Boston, Massachusetts: Boston Book Co., 1891 (1st ed.) and 1894 (2nd ed.)
  • Find A Grave: Memorial #61287489
  • "Records of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (Colored), 1863-1865." National Archives, Catalog #577134. "Regimental and Company Books of Civil War Volunteer Union Organizations, compiled 1861 - 1865."

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