Roger Alling was born before his christening date 06 December 1612, in Kempston, Bedford, England. His father was James Allen. James was a blacksmith in Kempston, Bedford, and named Roger in his will: "I give and bequeath unto my Sonne Roger Allen nowe liveinge in Newe England." 
Roger Alling married Mary Nash, daughter of Thomas and Margery Nash, about 1642/43, probably in New Haven, Connecticut, where they both resided. There first child was baptized November 1643.
"Roger Ailing Deacon of ye church of chrift in Newhauen dyed ye 27th of September 1674"
Roger came to America about 1638, definitely by 1640, at about 26 years of age on an un-named ship with the Lamberton Company. He was paid by Captain Lamberton for taking the job of the steward. The original steward died during the voyage.(p. 33)
Roger Alling was a signer of the New Haven Fundamental Agreement, not among the first signers of 1939 but in the next couple of years, (p18). He became a member of the church about 1640/41, was received as a member of the court of New Haven29 November 1641, (p59) and was on the first list of New Haven Freeman (p9). On a 1643 list of planters, his estate of one person (himself) was valued at 40L. He owned 4 ½ acres first division land, 24 ¾ in the neck, 2 ½ meadow, 10 2nd div, and was taxed at the rate of 4s 3d (p.91)
On 1 July 1644, the oath of allegiance and fidelity was administered and taken by Roger and the other full residents of New Haven. (p.138) 
In addition to the town grants of land he received, Roger was able to purchase additional pieces of property, a sign of prosperity. (p233, 295) (p151,121) (p279/81)
As early as Jan 1646/7 Roger was in a position to take on an apprentice, John Potter, to learn the trade of blacksmith. (p279) He also had servants in his employ. (p23)
Membership in the church was a prerequisite to becoming a freeman in New Haven, and status can be partly measured by one's seat in the meeting house. In Mar 1646, Roger sat in the #5 crosse seats at the end. His wife had the equivalent seat on the women's side. (p302,303). By the seating of 1655/6, older, and of highter status, Roger is in the #5 long seat in the middle. Roger's wife was seated in the short seats with her mother.(p270). Roger became a Deacon of the church in 1669.
Roger, like many of the residents of New Haven was occasionally fined: for coming late to training Nov 1650. (p. 477) and for neglecting to watch carefully in Feb 1653. (p194)
Roger held many positions of leadership and trust:
He was fence viewer many times. 1645 (p228); 1651 (p65); 1653 (p187)
He inventoried and appraised estates on numerous occaisions
Served on Committees (p167, 489) (p35, 57, 296, 311)
He served on Juries (157 162 169 188 190 200 206 227 268)
As the town blacksmith, he evidently could handle a horse, and had a hot fire, so he was given the job as the towns horse brander (p213, 361), and reported the brand marks to the town for recording (p213). One of the horses kept for town business was kept by Roger Alling. (p310) In 1658, and again in 1665, he was asked to keep a record of the horses that were sold out of town. (p361) (p 155)
He was elected New Haven Townsman (modern equivalent: Board of Selectmen) 1657, 1659 to 1668. (pp 313, 402, 448, 479, 518) (pp 40, 86, 141, 176, 202, 229), During two of those years 1661, 1662 he also served as town treasurer. (p484, 521) In 1669, Alling was again elected treasurer but later realizing that he was being elected Deacon of the Church, another was chosen (p248/9)
He was treasurer of the Colony of New Haven from 1661 until the end of the Colony in 1664. (p403, 451, 488, 548)
Like all men of New Haven, Roger was part of the trainband, the local militia. He was elected corporal in June 1652. (p131) He became sergeant, which position he requested to be freed from in 1669, because of his position as Deacon. (p249/50)
His father, James Allen, died in 1657 in England at which time, Roger returned to his native land to receive his inheritance and that of his sister, Joana Doolittle, who stayed in New England.
Roger Alling left a noncupative will, which was accepted by his heirs. His estate was valued at 394 pounds, 17 shillings.
Children: baptisms, births, marriages, deaths in New Haven
Mary Alling, bp. Nov. 26, 1643; d. Mar. 18, 1715/6.. She married Joseph Moss.
Samuel Alling, bp. Nov. 4, 1645; d. Aug. 28, 1709.
John Alling, bp. Oct. 2 1647; d. Mar. 25, 1717.
Elizabeth Alling. Mentioned in the will of her mother.
Susanna Alling. Mentioned in the will of her mother.
James Alling, Rev., b. June 24, 1657; d. Mar. 3, 1696, at Salisbury, Mass.
Note: When the Rev. Mr. Davenport proposed to found Yale College, Roger Alling was the first to respond and say he "would send his son" there. Roger Alling's eldest son Samuel married Sarah Winston, of the old Cecil (Churchill, Marlborough) families; their eldest son, Samuel, Jr., married, at New Haven, in 1690, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Curry, and removed to Newark, New Jersey, 1702.
↑ 1.01.11.2 Jacobus, Donald Lines (compiler). Families of Ancient New Haven, Vol I-VIII. and Index Vol IX New Haven: 1931. Reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1974, 1981, 1997. Originally published as New Haven Genealogical Magazine, Volumes I-VIII. Rome, NY and New Haven, CT 1922-1932. (p. 15/16)
Allen, George P. A History and Genealogical Record of the Alling-Allens of New Haven, Conn: the Descendants of Roger Alling, First, and John Alling, sen., from 1639 to the present time ... (Google eBook). The Price, Lee & Adkins Co., 1899
↑ 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Vital Records of New Haven 1649-1850 Part I. Hartford: The Connecticut Society of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of America, 1917
Dexter, Franklin Bowditch (compiler). Historical catalogue of the Members of the First Church of Christ in New Haven, Connecticut (Center church) A. D. 1639-1914. Compiled by . New Haven, 1914.
↑ "Abstracts of the Early Probate Records of New Haven, Book I, Part I, 1647-1687." New England Historical and Genealogical Register 81:121/3. Boston: NEHGS, 1927. p 121-135 At AmericanAncestors
Connecticut Church Records Index: New Haven First Congregational Church 1639-1937. Vol. A-I. Hartford: Connecticut State Library, 1947.
William Richard Cutter, A.M., New England Families, CD-Local and Family Histories: CT, 1600's - 1800's, (Produced in collaboration with the Genealogical Publishing Company, 2000), vol 3, p 1072.
Allen, John Kermott Edwin Salter. Genealogical Sketches of Roger Alling : of New Haven, Conn., 1639, Gilbert Allen of Morristown, N.J., 1736, and Thomas Bancroft of Dedham, Mass., 1640, and some of their descendants. Lansing, Mich. : Journal Steam Printing House, 1883. Link at Archrve.org
Find A Grave memorial no. 12316390.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Roger by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Was Roger using the last name of Allen at the time of his death? If not, it might make more sense to include it in the Other Last Name field along with the other two that are there. If he wasn't using it as a last name, would you please either add it to the Other Last Names field, or delete it? Thank you.