Ruggero II (Altavilla) di Altavilla

Ruggero (Altavilla) di Altavilla (1095 - 1154)

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Ruggero (Ruggero II) "Re di Sicilia" di Altavilla formerly Altavilla aka Hauteville
Born in Mileto, Catanzaro, Calabria, Italiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Palermo, Sicilia, Italiamap
Profile last modified | Created 29 Oct 2017
This page has been accessed 500 times.
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Contents

Biography

Preceded by
Roger, King of Sicily
1130-1154
Succeeded by
Guillaume I (1154-1166)

Ruggero or Roger of Sicily (b. 22 Dec 1095 - 26 Feb 1154 Palermo, bur Palermo Cathedral),[1] was a young child when his father and brother Simon, Count of Sicily (b. 1093 - d. 28 Sep 1105) died. So he succeeded as Count of Sicily,[2] under the regency of his mother Adelaide Vasto.[1].

Titles

  • 1105: Count of Sicily
  • 1127: Duke of Apulia
  • 27 Sep 1130: Roger II, King of Sicily

Parents

  • Father: Roger de Hauteville, Count of Sicily (b. 1031 - d. 22 Jun 1101 Mileto; bur Mileto, Abbey of the Holy Trinity).
  • Mother: Adelaide di Savona [Monferrato]

Marriage

m.1 (1117) Infanta doña Elivira de Castilla y León (b. 1100/16 Mar 1104 - d. 06 Feb 1135), dau. of don Alfonso VI, King of Castile and León and Isabel née Zaïda.[3] Issue: 6.[4]

  • Roger of Sicily (b. c. 1118 - d. 12 May 1148 d.v.p)
  • Tancred, Prince of Taranto (b. c. 1119 - d. 1135/45), .[5]
  • Alphonse, Prince of Capua (b. c. 1120/1 - d. 10 Oct 1144).[6]
  • (dau) UNKNOWN (d. 1135).[7]
  • Guillaume I "le Mauvais", King of Sicily ( b. c. 1131 - d. 07 or 15 May 1166).[8]
  • Henri of Sicily (b. ante Aug 1135 - d. 1135/45).

m.2 (1149) Sybille de Bourgogne (b. c. 1126 - d. 16 Sep 1150 Salerno), dau. of Hugues II "Borel / le Pacifique" Capet, Duke of Burgundy and Mathilde de Mayenne.[9] Issue: 2.[10]

  • Henri "died young" of Sicily (b. 29 Aug 1149).
  • UNKNOWN (stillborn 16 Sep 1150)

m.3 (1151) Beatrice de Rethel (b. 1130/32 - d. 30 Mar 1185), dau. of Ithier de Vitry, Comte de Rethel and Beatrice de Namur.[11] Issue: 2.[12]

  • (unproven) UNKNOWN "died young"
  • Constance of Sicily (b. 02 Nov 1154 d. 28 Nov 1198 Palermo).
m. Heinric VI, King of Germany

Mistress

mistress.1: UNKNOWN di Molise, dau. of Hugues I, Conte di Molis.[13] Issue: 1.[14]

  • Simon "Tancredi" (d. after 1156)

mistress(es) UNKNOWN.[15] Issue: 4.[16]

  • (dau) UNKNOWN (d. after 1134/5).
m. Adam UNKNOWN.
  • (dau) UNKNOWN
m. (1167) don Rodrigo Garcés de Navarra (d. after Jan 1172), illegitimate son of don Garcia VI "el Restaurador" King of Navarre
  • (dau) UNKNOWN
m. m as his first wife, HUGO Conte di Molise, son of [HUGO I Conte di Molise & his wife ---] (-29 Oct or 28 Dec [1156]).
  • Adelisa of Sicily.[17]
m.1 (separated) Joscelin Iozzelino, Conte di Loreto (d. 1189), son of Rambotus, Conte di Loreto
m.2 Robert, Conte di Loritello (d. 15 Sep 1182), son of ROBERT de Bassonville Conte di Conversano and Judith of Sicily

Education

Raised in a cosmopolitan Palermo court with Greek and Muslim teachers, he was fluent in Latin, Greek, and Arabic (Italian / Sicilian did not exist at the time, being an unwritten dialect of the lower classes, which gradually formed from Latin) and therefore was able since young age to treat and discuss with other rulers in Sicily or abroad.[1]

Reign

He started a policy to consolidate his position and to extend it to Malta and to the Muslim coast of Africa. Reaching majority in 1112, he took control of the government and showed political and administrative skill. He granted equal rights to all citizens, including Muslims, Catholics, Byzantine Greeks, Lombards, and northern Europeans.[1]

In 1126 his cousin Guglielmo duke of Apulia died without heirs, so he had the opportunity of expanding to the continental part of the Altavilla domains without fighting and moved across the Messina straits to take possession of the south of Italy, merging all Norman possession and in the yars '28-'29 his domains were extended also to Naples, Bari, Capua that were still independent.[1]

However Pope Onorio and his successor Innocenzo II did not want to be bordered by a large and well administered modern state, that was unwilling to fight non catholics religions as Greek Orthodox, Hebrew, Moslem and considered equal rights of all citizens. The same was true for some of more important Dukes and Counts,among them his son- in- law Rainulfo di Alife, not used to a central government. This caused some years of unrest, civil war and excommunication, but ended with Roberto being crowned King of Sicily at Palermo in 1134. This is considered the origin of the Kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily which merged in 1816 into the "Kingdom of two Sicilies".[1] If Ruggero I and Roberto ilGuiscardo founded the Norman domain in the south of Italy, Ruggero II completed their task by founding a real state also from the political point of view.The court in Palermo was considered the richest in Europe. The arts and sciences were promoted until Ruggero II died.[1]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 stupormundi.it/it/ruggero-ii-daltavilla ;

<www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/ruggero-II-re-di-sicilia; www.Stupormundi.it/it/ruggero-ii-daltavilla; see also references in those two links />


  • Cawley, C. (2006). Medieval Lands v.4. Fmg.ac. Web.[18]

See also:

  • Burkhardt, S. & Foerster, T. (2013). Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage. Ashgate. 2013. Amazon.com
  • Norwich, John Julius (2011). Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy, pp. 147. NY: Random House Publishing. eBook.


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Images: 2
Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage
Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage

Cristo incorona Ruggero II
Cristo incorona Ruggero II

Collaboration

On 2 Dec 2017 at 11:36 GMT Gino Baracchi wrote:

Second comment:

I do not object to the use of names in the same language used to write the biography, provided that they are in accordance with the names used in the first part of the profile and with the guidelines . But brothers with different family names or names unrelated to their parents generate a lot of confusion as well as mixing titles with family names (house of....) and other small mistakes. But , above all, I do not consider a real "biography" just a list of names of relatives and dates added as duplicates (often in a slightly different and confusing form) that are or should be already written in the first part of the profile accordig to the template provided. More details on wives, siblings, children can be introduced in most cases by adding to or opening their profiles . G.B

On 2 Dec 2017 at 11:08 GMT Gino Baracchi wrote:

First comment:

I have not copied the biography, but written a summary in English of historical data that can be found on all books about Ruggero II, Normans in Italy, and in general the Italian history of that period, as we study at school, quoting two Italian authoritative sources among many existing ( see also the the text in English that was added as image N°1 not by myself). G.B.

On 1 Dec 2017 at 21:26 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

I've restored the biography for the moment, but basically biographies shouldn't be copied from other sources and should be have inline citations to show sources for the facts. Names in biographies don't necessarily have to be in the correct language, eg if the bio is in English then the names could be in English. Bios can be written in a range of different languages, so there could be a bio in Italian, where obviously the names would be in Italian as well.

On 1 Dec 2017 at 19:16 GMT Gino Baracchi wrote:

A proper Biography, i.e. mentioning the relevant actions, achievements, historical events, personal features of Ruggero II giving an idea of the personage and of his contibution to History was removed. Why? What remains is only a double, with more details, of the list of relatives that should already appear on the first part of profile (with correct names in accordance to guidelines!!!)

On 29 Nov 2017 at 21:39 GMT Gino Baracchi wrote:

Sicily-11 (Roger II, King of Sicily) is endeed the same person as Altavilla-5 an shall be merged .

count and King of"Sicily" were titles held by different families from XI to IX century and an "house of Sicily" never existed nor families having this name. Therefore the names of members of the Altavilla family that ruled in the south of Italy after Roger I Hauteville, conte di Sicilia (born in Normandy,present France) shall be corrected into "Altavilla", as well as their siblings, childs, etc. Moreover Roger I and his brothers are designated with the latin name "Alta Villa" even on the Bayeux tapestry made at the court of William the Conqueror. All profile managers are kindly invited to standardize avoiding "Sicilia, Sicily, Hauteville, d'Hauteville for the southern Italian branch

On 27 Nov 2017 at 00:15 GMT Gino Baracchi wrote:

Sicily-11 and Altavilla-5 appear to represent the same person because: Names, dates, wife are coincident

On 10 Aug 2014 at 21:15 GMT Jay Byrne Jr. wrote:

Sicily-11 and Hauteville-12 do not represent the same person because: These do not look like the same person - can you provide more details on how/why you think they should be merged?



Ruggero II is 31 degrees from Rosa Parks, 29 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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