Julia (Angelique) St. Cyr

Julia Nausaresca (Angelique) St. Cyr (abt. 1822)

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Julia Nausaresca [uncertain] St. Cyr formerly Angelique
Born about in Wisconsin, Michigan Territory, United Statesmap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 16 Apr 1838 (to before 1850) in Iowa County, Wisconsin Territory, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified 21 Feb 2020 | Created 26 Oct 2019
This page has been accessed 80 times.
Julia (Angelique) St. Cyr was a Native American and member of the Ho-Chunk tribe.

Contents

Biography

Name

The name "Angelic" is an Anglicized spelling of the French Angelique. Her marriage record has the name Angelioue where the /O/ is a misreading of the letter /Q/. She married Michel "St. Cur" on 16 April 1838. The record makes it clear, unlike the 1860 census, that Angelique was her last name, and that "Julia" was her first name. However, the matter quickly becomes even more complicated. Church records in Prairie du Chien give her Indian name as Nausaresca, and her nationality as Sac (Sauk). (Waggoner, Starring, Ch. 1) It is impossible to understand this name as Sauk inasmuch as this language lacks the phonemes /s/ and /r/, and even substituting the phoneme /ϸ/ for /s/ yields no plausible words that could be components of this name. (Whittaker, 16) However, this name does end, as all Hocąk names do, in -ka or -ga. Furthermore, she is characterized as Winnebago, and Michel St. Cyr spoke that language, but is not known to have spoken Sauk. What seems most likely is that a Sauk man married into the tribe (which happened frequently) and raised a daughter in the Hocąk tribe, but the church record is based on the supposition that she belonged to the tribe of her father (on the same principle that a woman belongs to the clan of her father). The name Nausaresca might be analyzed as Nąsereka, "Cuts Through the Tree," from , "tree, wood"; serek, "to cut through"; and -ka, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Although unattested, it is a plausible Thunderbird Clan name. Its obvious defect is that it fails to account for the prepenultimate /s/. There is a version of the name, Nansourerska, but its analysis is no more obvious. (Waggoner, Red Wing, 325 nt 20)

Birth

She told census takers in 1860 that she was born in 1824, but that would make her only 14 when she was married to Michel. Considering that she had been married before, she must have been much older than this date suggests.

Sources



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Categories: Ho-Chunk