Susan B. Anthony
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Susan Brownell Anthony (1820 - 1906)

Susan Brownell (Susan B.) Anthony
Born in Adams, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United Statesmap
Ancestors ancestors
Died in Rochester, Monroe, New York, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 19 Oct 2009
This page has been accessed 16,375 times.
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Susan B. Anthony was a part of the Suffragette Movement.
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Biography

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Susan B. Anthony is Notable.

Susan B. Anthony was born and raised in West Grove, near Adams, Massachusetts.[1][2] She was the second oldest of seven children, Guelma Penn, Susan Brownell, Hannah E., Daniel Read, Mary Stafford, Eliza Tefft, and Jacob Merritt, born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read.[1] Susan was close to her sisters throughout her life.

Susan's father was an abolitionist and a temperance advocate. A Quaker, he had a difficult relationship with his traditionalist congregation, which rebuked him for marrying a non-Quaker and then disowned him for allowing a dance school to operate in his home. He continued to attend Quaker meetings anyway and became even more radical in his beliefs. Susan's mother was not a Quaker but helped raise their children in a more tolerant version of her husband's religious tradition. Their father encouraged them all, girls as well as boys, to be self-supporting, teaching them business principles and giving them responsibilities at an early age.[3]

In 1826, when she was six years old, Susan's family moved from Massachusetts to Battenville, New York.[1] Susan went to a local district school, where a teacher refused to teach her long division because of her gender. After hearing about the poor education his child was given, her father quickly had her placed in a group home school, where he taught Susan himself.[3] Mary Perkins, another teacher there, conveyed a progressive image of womanhood to Susan, further developing her growing belief in women's equality.

Susan taught school in New Rochelle and Canajoharie, New York.[4] She learned that her salary was far less than her male counterparts', which fired some of her drive towards equality.[4]

At the age of 29, Susan became involved in abolitionism.[4] She later became friends with Amelia Bloomer, which led to a meeting with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who would soon become her partner in organizing political groups, especially for women’s rights and woman suffrage.[4] Elizabeth served as the writer for the groups. She was the one who came up with the ideas. Susan was the organizer and the one who traveled. She was very good at public speaking.[4]

Susan never married, but had a relationship with a woman named Anna Dickinson before forming a close companionship in her later years with Emily Gross, a Chicago woman who was the wife of a wealthy businessman, Samuel Gross. Susan wrote about her in letters to friends and relatives. "I shall go to Chicago and visit my new lover — dear Mrs. [Emily] Gross — en route to Kansas. So with new hope & new life…", Susan wrote. Although the two never lived together, they managed to spend long periods of time together until Susan's death.

Susan and Mary S. Anthony's housekeeper and secretary to at their house on 17 Madison Street in Rochester was Miss Anna E. Dann.[5]

Susan helped to establish the American Equal Rights Association in 1866. In 1868 with Stanton as editor, Susan became publisher of an equality-themed magazine, Revolution.[4] About that time, Susan pushed against the system, and voted. She was tried, convicted, and fined for the action.[4]

Elizabeth and Susan also founded the National Woman Suffrage Association, larger than its rival American Woman Suffrage Association.[3] In 1890 the organizations merged. Years later, Susan worked closely with Carrie Chapman Catt, retiring from active leadership of the suffrage movement in 1900 and turning over presidency of the NAWSA over to Catt.

In 1888, Susan founded the International Council of Women. She was the head of the U.S. delegation to the meetings held in 1899 in London and in 1904 in Berlin. Susan’s commitment to women’s education was toughened at the end of the 19th century by her diligent fundraising to secure the funds necessary to allow for the admission of women to the University of Rochester. She was finally able to raise enough money by 1900 and women were admitted, thanks to all her hard work and effort. On 14 January 1901, Susan wrote a letter to Anna May Soule, a professor of history at Mt. Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, regarding a book she had written.

At her last public event about woman’s suffrage in Baltimore in February 1906, she stated her belief that “Failure is impossible.” [4] Soon after in March of 1906, she died in her home in Rochester [6] of heart failure and pneumonia in both lungs.[2] She was buried in Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York.[2] Her efforts and struggles were a great contribution to the lives of many women of her time and of our present time and future.

Susan B. Anthony Day celebrates the birth of Susan B. Anthony and the Women's suffrage in the United States each February 15th.[3] It has been celebrated since 1920, after 31 of 48 states had ratified the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, giving women the right to vote, also known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. She helped write the amendment.[3]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MCW5-1XJ : 13 December 2017), Susan B Anthony in entry for Daniel Anthony, 1860.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 12 May 2019), memorial page for Susan B. Anthony (15 Feb 1820–13 Mar 1906), Find A Grave: Memorial #31, citing Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, Monroe County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Susan B. Anthony
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Susan B. Anthony on the National Women's Hall of Fame
  5. 1900 US Census: Rochester, Monroe County, NY, 7 Jun 1900, Enumeration District 73, Sheet 8B; Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls; Roll: 1075; Page: 8B; Enumeration District: 0073; FHL microfilm: 1241075
  6. "New York State Census, 1905," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MKMH-3FQ : 19 July 2018), Suzan B Anthony, Rochester, Ward 11, E.D. 02, Monroe, New York; citing p. 23, line 30, various county clerk offices, New York; FHL microfilm 833,787.
  • National Geographic: Vol 166 Vol. 1 July 1984 "Underground Railroad"
  • 1880 US Census: Rochester, Monroe County, NY, 7 Jun 1880, Enumeration District 88, Pg. 22; Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.; Roll: 863; Page: 365B; Enumeration District: 088; Image: 0426; FHL microfilm: 1254863
  • A Brief History of Boston Marriage: Susan B Anthony (link no longer works), with source Faderman book
  • Aldridge, B. B. B. (1953). Laphams in America: Thirteen thousand descendants including descendents of John from Devonshire, England to Providence, R.I., 1673, Thomas from Kent, England, to Scituate, Mass., 1634, and genealogical notes of other Lapham families. Victor, N.Y.: publisher not identified. p.95
  • Daughters of the American Revolution. Genealogy Research System (GRS) [database]. Ancestor: Daniel Reed, A094223. Retrieved from http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search/?Tab_ID=1
  • This WikiTree profile is referenced from Wikidata: Item Q192245, en:Wikipedia help.gif
  • Harper, J.E. Susan B Anthony: A Biographical Companion. New York: ABC-CLIO Inc., 1998. Print.
  • Susan B. Anthony on Western New York Suffragists: Winning the Vote
  • History of Women Suffrage…:1848-1861
  • Susan B. Anthony on ThoughtCo.
  • Susan B. Anthony Biography on SusanBAnthony.net
  • Women Protests-The Fights for Rights For All on AncientFaces.com

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Memories: 9
Enter a personal reminiscence or story.
She and I are 7th cousins four times removed. Cool!
posted 24 Mar 2020 by Susan (Oliver) Talley   [thank Susan]
We share a great grandfather, Will Curtis, my 12th and her 8th, which makes us 9th cousins 4x. Strong Woman she was.
posted 26 May 2019 by Shirley (Jones) Garmon   [thank Shirley]
She's my 8th cousin 5x removed maternal side.
posted 24 May 2019 by Krystal Davison   [thank Krystal]
4th cousin 4x - what a gutsy lady! - wish I were like her
posted 19 May 2019 by Patricia (Long) Kent   [thank Patricia]
8th cousin 6x removed very proud of ancestor
posted 18 May 2019 by Nancy (Bennett) Contoupe   [thank Nancy]
We are related to her through her marriage into the family. Was told they had no children.
posted 15 May 2019 by L (Brock) McMahon   [thank L]
"The fact is, women are in chains, and their servitude is all the more debasing because they do not realize it. "
posted 30 Oct 2009 by Valeria Castillo
Her last public words, "Failure is impossible," became the suffrage rallying cry.
posted 30 Oct 2009 by Valeria Castillo
Susan Anthony was an inspiration to most women in the United States; who wouldn't want the same rights as men? She created an amendment that allowed us to vote and actually have a voice in our government. She was great!
posted 29 Oct 2009 by April Lamar
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Comments: 7

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My 15th cousin. Susan B. and Janine are 15th cousins five times removed
Chris, thank you for this great profile.
posted by C Ryder
She is my 4th cousin 4 times removed.

As a child, I was told she was a great aunt. For years my cousins and I wondered whether this was just family lore or whether the story was true.

It wasn't until I got interested in genealogy that I found her!

Very proud to be related to her.

posted by Marilyn Kenyon
Yes, connected 8th cousin 5x removed maternal side.
posted by Krystal Davison
My 6th cousin 4 times removed, our country would not be what it is today with out her contribution. I am sure she would be very proud of all the women who heard her call.
posted by Randy Howard
My 6th cousin 6xr. Congrats on getting a place on America's money!
posted by Summer (Binkley) Orman