||Susan B. Anthony is a part of United States history.|
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Susan B. Anthony was born and raised in West Grove, near Adams, Massachusetts. She was the second oldest of seven children, Guelma Penn, Susan Brownell, Hannah E., Daniel Read, Mary Stafford, Eliza Tefft, and Jacob Merritt, born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read. Susan was close to her sisters throughout her life.
Susan's father was an abolitionist and a temperance advocate. A Quaker, he had a difficult relationship with his traditionalist congregation, which rebuked him for marrying a non-Quaker and then disowned him for allowing a dance school to operate in his home. He continued to attend Quaker meetings anyway and became even more radical in his beliefs. Susan's mother was not a Quaker but helped raise their children in a more tolerant version of her husband's religious tradition. Their father encouraged them all, girls as well as boys, to be self-supporting, teaching them business principles and giving them responsibilities at an early age.
In 1826, when she was six years old, Susan's family moved from Massachusetts to Battenville, New York. Susan went to a local district school, where a teacher refused to teach her long division because of her gender. After hearing about the poor education his child was given, her father quickly had her placed in a group home school, where he taught Susan himself. Mary Perkins, another teacher there, conveyed a progressive image of womanhood to Susan, further developing her growing belief in women's equality.
At the age of 29, Susan became involved in abolitionism. She later became friends with Amelia Bloomer, which led to a meeting with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who would soon become her partner in organizing political groups, especially for women’s rights and woman suffrage. Elizabeth served as the writer for the groups. She was the one who came up with the ideas. Susan was the organizer and the one who traveled. She was very good at public speaking.
Susan never married, but had a relationship with a woman named Anna Dickinson before forming a close companionship in her later years with Emily Gross, a Chicago woman who was the wife of a wealthy businessman, Samuel Gross. Susan wrote about her in letters to friends and relatives. "I shall go to Chicago and visit my new lover — dear Mrs. [Emily] Gross — en route to Kansas. So with new hope & new life…", Susan wrote. Although the two never lived together, they managed to spend long periods of time together until Susan's death.
Susan helped to establish the American Equal Rights Association in 1866. In 1868 with Stanton as editor, Susan became publisher of an equality-themed magazine, Revolution. About that time, Susan pushed against the system, and voted. She was tried, convicted, and fined for the action.
Elizabeth and Susan also founded the National Woman Suffrage Association, larger than its rival American Woman Suffrage Association. In 1890 the organizations merged. Years later, Susan worked closely with Carrie Chapman Catt, retiring from active leadership of the suffrage movement in 1900 and turning over presidency of the NAWSA over to Catt.
In 1888, Susan founded the International Council of Women. She was the head of the U.S. delegation to the meetings held in 1899 in London and in 1904 in Berlin. Susan’s commitment to women’s education was toughened at the end of the 19th century by her diligent fundraising to secure the funds necessary to allow for the admission of women to the University of Rochester. She was finally able to raise enough money by 1900 and women were admitted, thanks to all her hard work and effort. On 14 January 1901, Susan wrote a letter to Anna May Soule, a professor of history at Mt. Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts, regarding a book she had written.
At her last public event about woman’s suffrage in Baltimore in February 1906, she stated her belief that “Failure is impossible.”  Soon after in March of 1906, she died in her home in Rochester  of heart failure and pneumonia in both lungs. She was buried in Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York. Her efforts and struggles were a great contribution to the lives of many women of her time and of our present time and future.
Susan B. Anthony Day celebrates the birth of Susan B. Anthony and the Women's suffrage in the United States each February 15th. It has been celebrated since 1920, after 31 of 48 states had ratified the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, giving women the right to vote, also known as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. She helped write the amendment.
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Susan B. is 9 degrees from John Alden, 12 degrees from Bridget Bishop, 10 degrees from Mary Bradbury, 11 degrees from Sarah Cole, 11 degrees from Deliverance Dane, 10 degrees from Mary Estey, 11 degrees from Sarah Good, 15 degrees from Margaret Mattson, 11 degrees from Mary Parsons, 18 degrees from Grace Sherwood, 11 degrees from Samuel Wardwell and 16 degrees from Kie Zelms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.
Categories: This Day In History February 15 | This Day In History March 13 | Daughters of the American Revolution | Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York | Women's History | Abolitionists | American Suffragettes | US Civil Rights Activists | Quaker Notables | LGBT | National Women's Hall of Fame (United States) | Example Profiles of the Week | United States Project-Managed | Activists and Reformers | United States of America, Notables | Notables