||Eleanor Aquitaine was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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On 3 Dec 2011 Roger Wehr wrote:
Eleanor succeeded her father as suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine and Countess of Poitiers at the age of fifteen, and thus became the most eligible bride in Europe. Three months after her accession she married Louis VII, son and junior co-ruler of her guardian, King Louis VI of France. As Queen of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon after the Crusade was over, Eleanor asked Louis for a divorce, as their marriage had only produced a daughter, Marie. Instead, Eleanor was forced by Pope Eugene III to reconcile with Louis, which led to the birth of Alix, another daughter, whose gender proved to be the final blow to the union. The royal marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152, on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody was awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.
As soon as the annulment was granted, Eleanor became engaged to Henry II, Duke of the Normans, her cousin within the third degree, who was nine years younger. On 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of her first marriage, Eleanor married the Duke of the Normans. On 25 October 1154 her husband ascended the throne of the Kingdom of England, making Eleanor Queen of the English. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become king, and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. She was imprisoned between 1173 and 1189 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husband.
Eleanor was widowed on 6 July 1189. Her husband was succeeded by their son, Richard the Lionheart, who immediately released his mother. Now queen dowager, Eleanor acted as a regent for her son while he went off on the Third Crusade. Eleanor survived her son Richard and lived well into the reign of her youngest son King John. By the time of her death she had outlived all of her children except for King John and Eleanor, Queen of Castile.
On 29 Jun 2011 Ted Williams wrote:
Eleanor succeeded her father as suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine and Countess of Poitiers at the age of fifteen, and thus became the most eligible bride in Europe. Three months after her accession she married Louis VII, son and junior co-ruler of her guardian, King Louis VI of France. As Queen of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon after the Crusade was over, Louis VII and Eleanor agreed to dissolve their marriage, because of Eleanor's own desire for divorce and also because the only children they had were two daughters – Marie and Alix. The royal marriage was annulled on 11 March 1152, on the grounds of consanguinity within the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custody of them awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.
As soon as she arrived in Poitiers, Eleanor became engaged to Henry II, Duke of the Normans, her cousin within the third degree, who was nine years younger. On 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of her first marriage, Eleanor married the Duke of the Normans. On 25 October 1154 her husband ascended the throne of the Kingdom of England, making Eleanor Queen of the English. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight children: five sons, three of whom would become king, and three daughters. However, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. She was imprisoned between 1173 and 1189 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husband, King Henry II.
Eleanor was widowed on 6 July 1189. Her husband was succeeded by their son, Richard the Lionheart, who immediately moved to release his mother. Now queen dowager, Eleanor acted as a regent for her son while he went off on the Third Crusade. Eleanor survived her son Richard and lived well into the reign of her youngest son King John. By the time of her death she had outlived all of her children except for King John and Eleanor, Queen of Castile.
The exact date and place of Eleanor's birth are not known. A late 13th century genealogy of her family listed her as 13 years old in the spring of 1137. Some chronicles mentionned a fidelity oath of some lords of Aquitaine on the occasion of Eleanor's fourteenth birthday in 1136. Her parents almost certainly married in 1121. Her birth place may have been Poitiers, Bordeaux, or Nieul-sur-l'Autise, where her mother died as she was 6 or 8.
Eleanor or Aliénor was the oldest of three children of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, whose glittering ducal court was on the leading edge of early–12th-century culture, and his wife, Aenor de Châtellerault, the daughter of Aimeric I, Viscount of Châtellerault, and Dangereuse, who was William IX's longtime mistress as well as Eleanor's maternal grandmother. Her parents' marriage had been arranged by Dangereuse with her paternal grandfather, the Troubadour.
Eleanor was named for her mother Aenor and called Aliénor, from the Latin alia Aenor, which means the other Aenor. It became Eléanor in the langues d'oïl (Northern French) and Eleanor in English. There is, however, an earlier Eleanor on record: Eleanor of Normandy, William the Conqueror's aunt, who lived a century earlier than Eleanor of Aquitaine.
By all accounts, Eleanor's father ensured that she had the best possible education. Although her native tongue was Poitevin, she was taught to read and speak Latin, was well versed in music and literature, and schooled in riding, hawking, and hunting. Eleanor was extroverted, lively, intelligent, and strong willed. In the spring of 1130, when Eleanor was six, her four-year-old brother William Aigret and their mother died at the castle of Talmont, on Aquitaine's Atlantic coast. Eleanor became the heir presumptive to her father's domains. The Duchy of Aquitaine was the largest and richest province of France; Poitou (where Eleanor spent most of her childhood) and Aquitaine together were almost one-third the size of modern France. Eleanor had only one other legitimate sibling, a younger sister named Aelith but always called Petronilla. Her half brothers, William and Joscelin, were acknowledged by William X as his sons, but not as his heirs. Later, during the first four years of Henry II's reign, all three siblings joined Eleanor's royal household.  Inheritance
In 1138, Duke William X set out from Poitiers to Bordeaux, taking his daughters with him. Upon reaching Bordeaux, he left Eleanor and Petronilla in the charge of the Archbishop of Bordeaux, one of the Duke's few loyal vassals who could be entrusted with the safety of the duke's daughters. The duke then set out for the Shrine of Saint James of Compostela, in the company of other pilgrims; however, he died on Good Friday 9 April 1137.
Eleanor, aged about fifteen, became the Duchess of Aquitaine, and thus the most eligible heiress in Europe. As these were the days when kidnapping an heiress was seen as a viable option for obtaining a title, William had dictated a will on the very day he died, bequeathing his domains to Eleanor and appointing King Louis VI of France as her guardian. William requested the King to take care of both the lands and the duchess, and to also find her a suitable husband. However, until a husband was found, the King had the legal right to Eleanor's lands. The Duke also insisted to his companions that his death be kept a secret until Louis was informed – the men were to journey from Saint James across the Pyrenees as quickly as possible, to call at Bordeaux to notify the Archbishop, and then to make all speed to Paris, to inform the King.
The King of France himself was also gravely ill at that time, suffering "a flux of the bowels" (dysentery) from which he seemed unlikely to recover. Despite his immense obesity and impending mortality, however, Louis the Fat remained clear-minded. To his concerns regarding his new heir, Louis, who had been destined for the monastic life of a younger son (the former heir, Philip, having died from a riding accident), was added joy over the death of one of his most powerful vassals – and the availability of the best duchy in France. Presenting a solemn and dignified manner to the grieving Aquitainian messengers, upon their departure he became overjoyed, stammering in delight.
Rather than act as guardian to the Duchess and duchy, he decided, he would marry the duchess to his heir and bring Aquitaine under the French Crown, thereby greatly increasing the power and prominence of France and the Capets. Within hours, then, Louis had arranged for his 17 year-old son, Prince Louis, to be married to Eleanor, with Abbot Suger in charge of the wedding arrangements. Prince Louis was sent to Bordeaux with an escort of 500 knights, as well as Abbot Suger, Theobald II, Count of Champagne and Count Ralph. First marriage On 25 July 1137 the couple was married in the Cathedral of Saint-André in Bordeaux by the Archbishop of Bordeaux. Immediately after the wedding, the couple were enthroned as Duke and Duchess of Aquitaine. However, there was a catch: the land would remain independent of France until Eleanor's oldest son becomes both King of the Franks and Duke of Aquitaine. Thus, her holdings would not be merged with France until the next generation. She gave Louis a wedding present that is still in existence, a rock crystal vase, currently on display at the Louvre.
Eleanor's tenure as junior Queen of the Franks lasted only few days. On 1 August, Eleanor's father-in-law died and her husband became sole monarch. Eleanor was anointed and crowned Queen of the Franks on Christmas Day of the same year.
Possessing a high-spirited nature, Eleanor was not popular with the staid northerners (according to sources, Louis´ mother, Adélaide de Maurienne, thought her flighty and a bad influence) – she was not aided by memories of Queen Constance, the Provençal wife of Robert II, tales of whose immodest dress and language were still told with horror.
Her conduct was repeatedly criticized by Church elders (particularly Bernard of Clairvaux and Abbot Suger) as indecorous. The King, however, was madly in love with his beautiful and worldly bride and granted her every whim, even though her behavior baffled and vexed him to no end. Much money went into beautifying the austere Cité Palace in Paris for Eleanor's sake
Conflict Eleanor's grandfather, William IX of Aquitaine, gave her this rock crystal vase, which she in turn gave to Louis as a wedding gift. He later donated it to the Abbey of Saint-Denis. This is the only known surviving artifact of Eleanor's.
Although Louis was a pious man, he soon came into a violent conflict with Pope Innocent II. In 1141, the archbishopric of Bourges became vacant, and the King put forward as a candidate one of his chancellors, Cadurc, whilst vetoing the one suitable candidate, Pierre de la Chatre, who was promptly elected by the canons of Bourges and consecrated by the Pope. Louis accordingly bolted the gates of Bourges against the new Bishop; the Pope, recalling William X's similar attempts to exile Innocent's supporters from Poitou and replace them with priests loyal to himself, blamed Eleanor, saying that Louis was only a child and should be taught manners. Outraged, Louis swore upon relics that so long as he lived Pierre should never enter Bourges. This brought the interdict upon the King's lands. Pierre de la Chatre was given refuge by Theobald II, Count of Champagne.
Louis became involved in a war with Count Theobald of Champagne by permitting Raoul I, Count of Vermandois and seneschal of France, to repudiate his wife Eléonore of Blois, Theobald's sister, and to marry Petronilla of Aquitaine, Eleanor's sister. Eleanor urged Louis to support her sister's illegitimate marriage to Raoul of Vermandois. Champagne had also offended Louis by siding with the Pope in the dispute over Bourges. The war lasted two years (1142–44) and ended with the occupation of Champagne by the royal army. Louis was personally involved in the assault and burning of the town of Vitry. More than a thousand people (1300, some say) who had sought refuge in the church died in the flames.
Horrified, and desiring an end to the war, Louis attempted to make peace with Theobald in exchange for supporting the lift of the interdict on Raoul and Petronilla. This was duly lifted for long enough to allow Theobald's lands to be restored; it was then lowered once more when Raoul refused to repudiate Petronilla, prompting Louis to return to the Champagne and ravage it once more.
In June, 1144, the King and Queen visited the newly built cathedral at Saint-Denis. Whilst there, the Queen met with Bernard of Clairvaux, demanding that he have the excommunication of Petronilla and Raoul lifted through his influence on the Pope, in exchange for which King Louis would make concessions in Champagne, and recognise Pierre de la Chatre as archbishop of Bourges. Dismayed at her attitude, Bernard scolded her for her lack of penitence and her interference in matters of state. In response, Eleanor broke down, and meekly excused her behaviour, claiming to be bitter because of her lack of children. In response to this, Bernard became more kindly towards her: "My child, seek those things which make for peace. Cease to stir up the King against the Church, and urge upon him a better course of action. If you will promise to do this, I in return promise to entreat the merciful Lord to grant you offspring."
In a matter of weeks, peace had returned to France: Theobald's provinces had been returned, and Pierre de la Chatre was installed as Archbishop of Bourges. In April 1145, Eleanor gave birth to a daughter, Marie.
Louis, however still burned with guilt over the massacre at Vitry-le-Brûlé, and desired to make a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land in order to atone for his sins. Fortuitously for him, in the Autumn of 1145, Pope Eugenius requested Louis to lead a Crusade to the Middle East, to rescue the Frankish Kingdoms there from disaster. Accordingly, Louis declared on Christmas Day 1145 at Bourges his intention of going on a crusade.
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On 24 Oct 2018 at 11:38 GMT Helen (Coleman) Ford wrote:
On 13 Sep 2018 at 04:32 GMT Jerie Leep wrote:
On 19 May 2018 at 15:17 GMT Christine (Raffo) Zakary wrote:
On 21 Apr 2018 at 16:01 GMT Stephen McCallum wrote:
On 27 Feb 2018 at 03:13 GMT Kathleen (Rogan) Foster wrote:
Direct Relationship Found There is a direct ancestral relationship. Eleanor Aquitaine is the great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great grand mother of Kathleen (Rogan) Foster.
Eleanor is the 26th great grandmother of Kathleen (Uncertain) 1. Kathleen is the daughter of Lillian (Cauldwell) Rogan [unknown confidence] 2. Lillian is the daughter of Vesta Elizabeth Ann Kinnear [unknown confidence] 3. Vesta is the daughter of Millicent Alberta (Noble) Kinnear [unknown confidence] 4. Millie is the daughter of Thomas Henry Noble [unknown confidence] 5. Thomas is the son of Hezekiah Noble [unknown confidence] 6. Hezekiah is the son of Thomas Smith Noble [unknown confidence] 7. Thomas is the son of Stephen Noble [unknown confidence] 8. Stephen is the son of Stephen Noble [unknown confidence] 9. Stephen is the son of Sarah Root [confident] 10. Sarah is the daughter of Sarah (Stebbins) Root [unknown confidence] 11. Sarah is the daughter of Edward Stebbins [unknown confidence] 12. Edward is the son of Hannah (Wright) Stebbins [unknown confidence] 13. Hannah is the daughter of Margaret (Stratton) Wright [unknown confidence] 14. Margaret is the daughter of Anne (Derehaugh) Stratton [uncertain] 15. Anne is the daughter of Mary (Wright) Derehaugh [confident] 16. Mary is the daughter of Frances (Spring) Wright [confident] 17. Frances is the daughter of Dorothy (Waldegrave) Spring [confident] 18. Dorothy is the daughter of Margery (Wentworth) Waldegrave [confident] 19. Margery is the daughter of Elizabeth (Howard) Wentworth [confident] 20. Elizabeth is the daughter of Henry Howard [unknown confidence] 21. Henry is the son of John Howard [unknown confidence] 22. John is the son of Robert Howard [unknown confidence] 23. Robert is the son of John Howard [unknown confidence] 24. John II is the son of Joan (Cornwall) Howard [unknown confidence] 25. Joan is the daughter of Richard (Plantagenet) of Cornwall [unknown confidence] 26. Richard is the son of Richard (Plantagenet) of England [confident] 27. Richard is the son of John (Plantagenet) of England [confident] 28. John is the son of Eleanor of Aquitaine [confident] This makes Eleanor the 26th great grandmother of Kathleen.
On 17 Nov 2017 at 19:33 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:
On 30 Oct 2017 at 16:39 GMT Eren Hatton wrote:
1. Eren is the daughter of Bobby Hatton [confident] 2. Bobby is the son of Leroy Hatton [unknown confidence] 3. Leroy is the son of Roy Hatton [unknown confidence] 4. Roy is the son of Callie Louisa Couch [unknown confidence] 5. Callie is the daughter of William Lewis Couch [unknown confidence] 6. William is the son of Charity Powell [unknown confidence] 7. Charity is the daughter of Lewis Powell [unknown confidence] 8. Lewis is the son of Ambrose Powell [unknown confidence] 9. Ambrose is the son of John Powell II [unknown confidence] 10. John is the son of Robert Powell [unknown confidence] 11. Robert is the son of John Powell [unknown confidence] 12. John is the son of William Thomas Powell [uncertain] 13. William is the son of Margaret (Whitney) Powell [uncertain] 14. Margaret is the daughter of Robert Whitney [confident] 15. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [unknown confidence] 16. Robert is the son of Robert Whitney [confident] 17. Robert is the son of Blanche (Milbourne) Whitney [confident] 18. Blanche is the daughter of Simon Milbourne Esq [confident] 19. Simon is the son of Elizabeth Ann Devereux [unknown confidence] 20. Elizabeth is the daughter of Agnes (Crophull) Devereux [unknown confidence] 21. Agnes is the daughter of Thomas (Crophull) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 22. Thomas is the son of Margery (Verdun) de Crophull [unknown confidence] 23. Margery is the daughter of Maud (Mortimer) de Verdun [unknown confidence] 24. Maud is the daughter of Edmund (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 25. Edmund is the son of Roger (Mortimer) de Mortimer Knt [unknown confidence] 26. Roger III is the son of Gwladus (ferch Llywelyn) de Mortimer [unknown confidence] 27. Gwladus is the daughter of Joan FitzJohn [unknown confidence] 28. Joan is the daughter of John (Plantagenet) of England [confident] 29. John is the son of Eleanor of Aquitaine [confident] This makes Eleanor the 27th great grandmother of Eren.
On 9 Aug 2017 at 03:55 GMT Michele Kennedy wrote:
On 1 Apr 2017 at 13:13 GMT Cynthia (Edgemon) Rushing wrote:
On 25 Apr 2015 at 18:53 GMT Linda (Linke) Philipp wrote:
Eleanor is 30 degrees from Rosa Parks, 27 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 18 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.