Alfonso  (Aragón) de Aragón

Alfonso (Aragón) de Aragón (1157 - 1196)

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Alfonso (Alfonso II) "Ramón, Rey de Aragón, Conde of Barcelona, the Chaste, the Troubadour" de Aragón formerly Aragón
Born in Huesca, Huesca, Spainmap
Husband of — married in Zaragozamap
Died in Perpignan, Pyrenees-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, Francemap
Aragón-205 created 11 Feb 2014 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 1,760 times.



Contents

Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Aragon-98 created through the import of Mears Family Tree as Oct 200.ged on Dec 24, 2011 by David Mears. See the Changes page for the details of edits by David and others.
  • Source: S-2100314565 Repository: #R-2140967628 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. Page: Ancestry Family Trees Note: Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=11448774&pid=3306
  • Repository: R-2140967628 Name: Ancestry.com Address: http://www.Ancestry.com Note:




Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: /Alfonso I/
Name Prefix: King
Surname: Alfonso I

Couldn't find any valid first name.

Birth

Birth:
Date: MAY 1152
SDATE 15 MAY 1152
Place: Aragon, Spain

User ID

User ID: 2A7790952293F2498AAD35D6A9EE044CDF31

Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 6 MAR 2004

Prior to import, this record was last changed 6 MAR 2004.

COLOR

COLOR 3

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Alfonso I-2 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton. See the I-2 Changes page for the details of edits by Mike and others.



Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Reference

Reference: 645

Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 8 FEB 2008
Time: 05:18:16

Prior to import, this record was last changed 05:18:16 8 FEB 2008.

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Aragon-85 created through the import of Grant_David_Meadors_2008-02-17.ged on Sep 18, 2011 by Grant Meadors. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Grant and others.



Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: Alphonso The /Chaste/[1][2][3][4]

Birth

Birth:
Date: 25 MAR 1157
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Aragon, Spain[5]

Death

Death:
Date: 25 APR 1196
Place: Perpignan, , Pyrbenbees Orientales, France[6]

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Chaste-7 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Ted and others.
  • Source: S004336 Title: US & British Isle, Joseph Thomas Biographical Dictionary: 1890 Author: Barghouti, Kim, comp. Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.Original data - Lippincott's Pronouncing Biographical Dictionary, University of Nevada, Reno Library. Philadelphia, PA, USA: J.B. Lippincott, Joseph Thomas M. D. LL. D, 1890.Original Repository: Note: #NS043363
Note NS043363
NAME Ancestry.com
ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com
NOTE
  • Source: S004386 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: #NS043861

No NOTE record found with id NS043861.

  • Source: S004444 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: #NS044441 Repository: Note: #NS044443

No NOTE record found with id NS044441.

Note NS044443
NAME Ancestry.com
ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com
NOTE
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:


Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: Alphonso The /Chaste/[7][8][9]

Birth

Birth:
Date: 25 MAR 1157
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Aragon, Spain[10]

Death

Death:
Date: 25 APR 1196
Place: Perpignan, Pyrenees-Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon, France[11]

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Chaste-8 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Ted and others.
  • Source: S004336 Title: US & British Isle, Joseph Thomas Biographical Dictionary: 1890 Author: Barghouti, Kim, comp. Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001.Original data - Lippincott's Pronouncing Biographical Dictionary, University of Nevada, Reno Library. Philadelphia, PA, USA: J.B. Lippincott, Joseph Thomas M. D. LL. D, 1890.Original Repository: Note: #NS043363
Note NS043363
NAME Ancestry.com
ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com
NOTE
  • Source: S004444 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: #NS044441 Repository: Note: #NS044443

No NOTE record found with id NS044441.

Note NS044443
NAME Ancestry.com
ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com
NOTE
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:


Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: Alfonso II deAragón /Aragón/[12]

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Aragón-44 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Ted and others.
  • Source: S004444 Title: Ancestry Family Trees Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. Note: #NS044441 Repository: Note: #NS044443

No NOTE record found with id NS044441.

Note NS044443
NAME Ancestry.com
ADDR http://www.Ancestry.com
NOTE
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547


This person was created on 08 April 2011 through the import of Grant R. Phillips, Jr..ged.

This person was created on 08 April 2011 through the import of Grant R. Phillips, Jr..ged.

This person was created through the import of Grant R. Phillips, Jr..ged on 08 April 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Birth

Birth:
Date: 1157-03-25
Place: Huesca,Huesca,,Spain
Birth:
Date: 25 Mar 1157
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Spain
Source: #S-2113238222
Note:

Found multiple copies of BIRT DATE. Using 1157-03-25

Death

Death:
Date: 1196-04-25
Place: Perpignan,Pyrbenbees-Orientales,,France
Death:
Date: 25 Apr 1196
Place: Perpignan, Pyrbenbees-Orientales, , France
Source: #S-2113238222
Note:

Found multiple copies of DEAT DATE. Using 1196-04-25Array

Sources

Source S-2113238222
Repository: #R-2113280662
Title: OneWorldTree
Author: Ancestry.com
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: MyFamily.com, Inc.
Note:


Repository R-2113280662
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: 360 West 4800 North, Provo, UT 84604
Note:

This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Name

Name: Alfonso II /of ARAGON/
Source: #S994


Occupation

Occupation: King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona


Education

Education: a noted poet


Note

Note: @N8858@
@N8858@ NOTE
Ancestor of the Queens of England, France, and Sicily, and Queen of the Romans, daughters of Raymond Berengar IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy.
Called Raymond Berenger at birth.

User ID

User ID: 879AC0EAF22B41EA8394B9E97267713349E6


Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 7 JAN 2010

Prior to import, this record was last changed 7 JAN 2010.


Bio

About Ramón Berenguer 'Alfonso el Casto' de Aragón, rey de Aragón Infante don RAMÓN de Aragón (Villamayor del Valle, Huesca 1/25 Mar 1157-Perpignan 25 Apr 1195, bur Poblet, monastery of Nuestra Señora). The "Corónicas" Navarras name (in order) "don Pedro…el rey don Alfonso, que ovo nombre Remón Belenguer et el conte don Pedro de Provença et el conte don Sancho et a la muller del rey don Sancho de Portugal" as the children of the "conte de Barçalona…en esta su muller [dona Peyronela]", stating that the first named Pedro died in Huesca[170]. The Brevi Historia Comitum Provinciæ names "Ildefonsum primogenitum" as son of "Berengarius comes Barchinonæ et Provinciæ, maritus Petronillæ"[171]. He succeeded his father in 1162 as RAMÓN Conde de Barcelona, Girona, Osona, Besalú, Cerdagne/Cerdaña and Roussillon. He founded Teruel 1169-72. He secured the vassalage of Marie Ctss de Béarn 1170. Comte de Roussillon (including the see of Elne) in 1172 on the death of Guinard II Comte de Roussillon without heirs. He succeeded his mother in 1174 as ALFONSO II “el Casto” King of Aragon.

Fødselsdato endret ifølge genall.net


Alfonso II of Aragon

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Contents

[hide]

* 1 Reign * Literary patronage an poetry * 3 Marriage and descendants * 4 External links * 5 References Alfonso II of Aragon

From the Liber feudorum maior

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

* Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor * Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse * Peter the Catholic, successor * Douce (Dolça), nun * Alfonso, Count of Provence * Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227 * Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s [edit] External links

* Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz [edit] References

1. ^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945. 2. ^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179. Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon"

Categories: Roman Catholic monarchs | House of Aragon | Aragonese monarchs | Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | Catalan-language poets | Troubadours | Medieval child rulers | 1157 births | 1196 deaths


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Catalonian influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Catalonian trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Catalan influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commented on Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (Huesca, 1157[1] – Perpignan, 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants


Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.

[edit] External links

Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz

[edit] References

1.^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.

2.^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.

Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]v • d • eInfantes of Aragon



Alfonso II of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king." He was also Count of Provence from 1167 when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce to 1173 when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer.

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Catalonian influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Catalonian trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Catalan influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

King Alfonso died in 1196.

[edit]Works and poetry

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commented on Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit]Marriage and descendants

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona; 1157[1] – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

Contents [hide]

1 Reign

2 Literary patronage and poetry

3 Marriage and descendants

4 External links

5 References


[edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer) at Huesca, he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He died at Perpignan in 1196.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants


Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse

Peter the Catholic, successor

Douce (Dolça), nun

Alfonso, Count of Provence

Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227

Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s

Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241.

[edit] External links

Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz

[edit] References

1.^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945.

2.^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179.

Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]v • d • eInfantes of Aragon


1st Generation Sancho I · Infante García


2nd Generation Peter I · Alfonso I · Ramiro II


3rd Generation Crown Prince Peter


4th Generation Infante Peter · Alfonso II · Peter, Count of Cerdanya · Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence · Sancho, Count of Provence · Infante Ramon


5th Generation Peter II · Alfonso II, Count of Provence · Infante Sancho · Infante Ferdinand · Infante Ramon Berenguer


6th Generation James I


7th Generation Crown Prince Alfonso · Peter III · James II of Majorca · Infante Ferdinand · Infante Sancho · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Ayerbe


8th Generation Alfonso III · James II · Frederick III of Sicily · Infante Pedro · Infante James* · Sancho of Majorca* · Infante Philip* · Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas* · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Ayerbe


9th Generation Crown Prince James · Alfonso IV · Infante John · Peter, Count of Ribagorza · Ramon Berenguer, Count of Ampurias · Peter II of Sicily** · Infante Roger** · Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · William II, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · John, Duke of Randazzo** · James III of Majorca* · Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas* · James, Lord of Jérica · Peter, Lord of Jérica · Alfonso, Lord of Cocentaina


10th Generation Crown Prince Alfonso · Peter IV · James I, Count of Urgell · Infante Fadrique · Infante Sancho · Ferdinand, Marquis of Tortosa · John, Lord of Elche · Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza · John, Count of Prades · Infante Jaime · John, Count of Ampurias · Peter, Count of Ampurias · Louis of Sicily** · Frederick IV of Sicily** · Frederick I, Duke of Athens and Neopatria** · James IV of Majorca*


11th Generation Infante Peter · John I · Martin · Infante Alfonso · Alonso, Count of Morella · Infante Peter · Peter II, Count of Urgell · Infante John of Ribagorza · James, Baron of Arenós · Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza · Peter, Marquis of Villena · Peter, Count of Prades · James, Count of Prades · Infante Louis of Prades


12th Generation Infante James · Infante John · Infante Alfonso · James, Duke of Gerona · Infante Fernando · Pedro, Duke of Gerona · Martin I of Sicily · Infante James · Infante John · Infante Antonio of Urgell · James II, Count of Urgell · Infante Peter of Urgell · John, Baron of Etenza


13th Generation Martin, Crown Prince of Sicily*


14th Generation Alfonso V · John II · Henry, Duke of Villena · Peter, Count of Alburquerque · Infante Sancho


15th Generation Charles, Prince of Viana · Ferdinand II


16th Generation Juan, Prince of Asturias · John, Prince of Gerona


17th Generation Charles I of Spain · Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor


•also a prince of Majorca •also a prince of Sicily

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon"

Categories: Roman Catholic monarchs | House of Aragon | Aragonese monarchs | Counts of Barcelona | Counts of Provence | Catalan-language poets | Troubadours | Medieval child rulers | 1157 births | 1196 deaths


Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfons_II_of_Aragon#Marriage_and_descendants

Alfonso II of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Alfons II of Aragon) Jump to: navigation, search

Alfonso II of AragonFrom the Liber feudorum maior

Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona; 1157[1] – 25 April 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, which he acquired from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.[2]

Contents

[show]

* 1 Reign * 2 Literary patronage and poetry * 3 Marriage and descendants * 4 External links * 5 References [edit] Reign

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer) at Huesca, he ascended the united throne of Aragon and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honour Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

Apart from common interests, kings of Aragon and Castile were united by a formal bond of vassalage the former owed to the latter. Besides, on January 18, 1174 in Saragossa Alfonso married Infanta Sancha of Castile, sister of the Castilian king.

Another milestone in this alliance was the Treaty of Cazorla between the two kings in 1179, delineating zones of conquest in the south along the watershed of the rivers Júcar and Segura. Southern areas of Valencia including Denia were thus secured to Aragon.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragon. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc, which would cost the life of his successor, Peter II of Aragon, for the moment proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragon.

In 1186, he helped establish Aragonese influence in Sardinia when he supported his cousin Agalbursa, the widow of the deceased Judge of Arborea, Barison II, in placing her grandson, the child of her eldest daughter Ispella, Hugh, on the throne of Arborea in opposition to Peter of Serra.

Alfonso II provided the first land grant to the Cistercian monks on the banks of the Ebro River in the Aragon region, which would become the site of the first Cistercian monastery in this region. Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda was founded in the year 1202 and utilized some of the first hydrological technology in the region for harnessing water power and river diversion for the purpose of building central heating.

He died at Perpignan in 1196.

[edit] Literary patronage and poetry

He was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonoured by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

[edit] Marriage and descendants

Alfonso and Sancho, surrounded by the women of court. From the Liber feudorum maior.

Wife, Sancha of Castile, daughter of king Alfonso VII of Castile, b. 1155 or 1157, d. 1208

* Constance, married Emeric of Hungary and later Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor * Eleanor, married Raymond VI of Toulouse * Peter the Catholic, successor * Douce (Dolça), nun * Alfonso, Count of Provence * Ferdinand, Abbot of Montearagon, d. after 1227 * Ramon Berenguer, d. in the 1190s * Sancha of Aragon, married Raymond VII, in March 1211. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241. [edit] External links

* Miroslav Marek, genealogy.euweb.cz [edit] References

1. ^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 8475286941, ISBN 9788475286945. 2. ^ T. N. Bisson, "The Rise of Catalonia: Identity, Power, and Ideology in a Twelfth-Century Society," Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations, xxxix (1984), translated in Medieval France and her Pyrenean Neighbours: Studies in Early Institutional History (London: Hambledon, 1989), pp. 179. Preceded by

Petronila King of Aragon

1162-1196 Succeeded by

Peter II

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer IV Count of Barcelona

1162-1196

Preceded by

Douce II of Provence Count of Provence

1167-1171 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer III

[show]

v • d • e

Infantes of Aragon


BIOGRAPHY: b. 1152, Barcelona

d. 1196, Perpignan, Roussillon

count of Barcelona from 1162 and king of Aragon from 1164.

The son of Ramón Berenguer IV, Alfonso succeeded his father as count of Barcelona and his mother as ruler of Aragon, thus associating the two countries under the house of Barcelona--a union that was destined to be permanent. Aragonese involvement in France became steadily greater during Alfonso's reign. Nevertheless, the conquest of Teruel (1171) opened the way for the conquest of Valencia; and, in 1179, the pact of Cazorla with his ally, Alfonso VIII of Castile, fixed the future zones of reconquest for the two countries. In his will Alfonso followed the Spanish custom of dividing his kingdom; Provence was thus lost to the Aragonese crown.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

History: Aragon, history of

After the Romans defeated the Carthaginians during the Punic Wars, Aragón became part of the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis. The Visigoths conquered the region late in the 5th century, the Moors in the 8th century. Subsequently the region was incorporated with the kingdom of Navarre. In 1035 Ramiro I , a son of the Navarrese ruler Sancho III , established Aragón as an independent kingdom. Navarre was annexed in 1076, and during the next 100 years additional territory was added by successful wars against the Moors. In 1137 Aragón was united with Catalonia and Barcelona. Aragón grew into a leading Mediterranean naval power around the port of Barcelona. The kings of Aragón gained possession of the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Sardinia, and Naples during the next two centuries. In 1238 the important city of Valencia was captured by Aragón from the Moors. The marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragón (later Ferdinand V of Castile) to Isabella I of Castile united those two regions. Formal merger of the two kingdoms took place on the accession of Charles I in 1516, but Aragón retained its own administration and representative institutions until the end of the 17th century. Area, 47,669 sq km (18,405 sq mi).


Alfonso II Raimond, Rey de Aragón also went by the nick-name of Alfonso 'the Chaste' (?).3 He succeeded to the title of Conde de Barcelona in 1162.4 He gained the title of Rey Alfonso II de Aragón in 1162.2 He succeeded to the title of Comte de Provence in 1166.5


Alfonso II (Aragon) or Alfons I (Provence and Barcelona) (1152 – 1196), called the Chaste or the Troubadour, was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was the son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He is thus sometimes called, like his successors, especially by Catalan historians, the "count-king". He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite all the Occitan-Catalan speaking lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.


Alfonso II (in Aragon) or Alfons I (in Provence and Barcelona), called "the Chaste," or "the Troubadour," was the King of Aragón and Count of Barcelona from 1162 until his death. He was also Count of Provence from 1167, when he unchivalrously wrested it from the heiress Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer.

Alfonso's reign has been characterized by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, with little following, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona.

Born Raymond Berengar (Ramon Berenguer), he ascended the united throne of Aragón and Barcelona as Alfonso, changing his name in deference to the Aragonese, to honor King Alfonso I.

For most of his reign he was allied with King Alfonso VIII of Castile, both against Navarre and against the Moorish taifa kingdoms of the south. In his Reconquista effort Alfonso pushed as far as Teruel, conquering this important stronghold on the road to Valencia in 1171. The same year saw him capturing Caspe.

During his reign Aragonese influence north of the Pyrenees reached its zenith, a natural tendency given the affinity between the Occitan and Catalan dominions of the Crown of Aragón. His realms incorporated not only Provence, but also the counties of Cerdanya and Roussillon (inherited in 1172). Béarn and Bigorre paid homage to him in 1187. Alfonso's involvement in the affairs of Languedoc proved highly beneficial, strengthening Aragonese trade and stimulating emigration from the north to colonise the newly reconquered lands in Aragón.

Alfonso was a noted poet of his time and a close friend of King Richard the Lionheart. One tensó, apparently composed by him and Giraut de Bornelh, forms part of the poetical debate as to whether a lady is dishonored by taking a lover who is richer than herself. The debate had been begun by Guilhem de Saint-Leidier and was taken up by Azalais de Porcairagues and Raimbaut of Orange; there was also a partimen on the topic between Dalfi d'Alvernha and Perdigon.

Alfonso and his love affairs are mentioned in poems by many troubadours, including Guillem de Berguedà (who criticized his dealings with Azalais of Toulouse) and Peire Vidal, who commended Alfonso's decision to marry Sancha of Castile rather than Eudokia Komnene that he had preferred a poor Castilian maid to the emperor Manuel's golden camel.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon#cite_ref-0 for more information.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_II_of_Aragon

When this person was created on 06 January 2010 through the import of gl120368.ged, certain information could not be interpreted. Could you help clean this up?

NAME 1 NAME Alfonso "the Chaste" // II, King of Arag�n 2 GIVN Alfonso "the Chaste" 2 NSFX II, King of Arag�n Couldn't find any valid last name at birth.

BIRT 1 BIRT 2 DATE BEF 25 MAR 1157 2 PLAC Huesca, , Arag�n, Spain 2 SOUR @S33691@ 3 PAGE Pedigree chart for Raymond Berenger V - AFN=8XJ8-D1 - 10 Apr 2005 3 QUAY 3 2 NOTE @N1652@ Did not import SOUR. Did not import NOTE.

DEAT 1 DEAT 2 DATE 25 APR 1196 2 PLAC Perpignan, , Midi-Pyr�n�es, France 2 SOUR @S33691@ 3 PAGE Pedigree chart for Raymond Berenger V - AFN=8XJ8-D1 - 10 Apr 2005 3 QUAY 3 2 NOTE @N1653@ Did not import SOUR. Did not import NOTE.

SOUR 1 SOUR @S33691@ 2 PAGE Pedigree chart for Raymond Berenger V - AFN=8XJ8-D1 - 10 Apr 2005 2 QUAY 3 1 SOUR @S33690@ 2 NOTE Record originated in... Did not import SOUR.

NOTE 1 NOTE @N1651@ Did not import NOTE.

CHAN 1 CHAN 2 DATE 6 MAR 2008 3 TIME 22:27:14 Did not import CHAN.


Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: Alfonso II 'The Chaste' // [13][14][15]

Couldn't find any valid last name at birth.

Birth

Birth:
Date: BEF 25 MAR 1157
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Spain[16]

Death

Death:
Date: 25 APR 1196
Place: Perpignan, Pyrénées-Orientales, France[17]

Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 24 JAN 2011

Prior to import, this record was last changed 24 JAN 2011 .

LDS Endowment

LDS Endowment:
Date: 14 DEC 1933[18]

Event

Event:
Type: Event-Misc
Place: 9HM0-WX[19]

Marriage

Husband: Alfonso II 'The Chaste' UNKNOWN
Wife: Sancha UNKNOWN
Child: Constanza UNKNOWN
Child: Pedro II 'The Catholic' UNKNOWN
Child: Alfonso II UNKNOWN
Child: Leonor UNKNOWN
Child: Sancho UNKNOWN
Child: Sancha UNKNOWN
Child: Ramon Berenguer UNKNOWN
Child: Fernando UNKNOWN
Child: Dulce UNKNOWN
Marriage:
Date: BET 18 JAN 1174 AND 1175
Place: Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain[20]

Imported only 18 JAN 1174 from Marriage Date and marked as uncertain.

Sources

  • WikiTree profile UNKNOWN-78594 created through the import of FAMILY 6162011.GED on Jun 20, 2011 by Michael Stephenson. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Michael and others.
  • Source: S2 Title: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Abbreviation: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Publication: (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2002)
  • Source: S3 Title: Ancestral File (TM) Abbreviation: Ancestral File (TM) Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SAINTS Publication: June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998 Repository: #R1
  • Repository: R1 Name: Unknown
  • Source: S3762 Title: Type: Ancestral File Number Abbreviation: Type: Ancestral File Number
  • Source: S4 Title: hofundssonAnces.ged Abbreviation: hofundssonAnces.ged Repository: #R1
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547
  13. Source: #S2
  14. Source: #S3
  15. Source: #S4
  16. Source: #S4
  17. Source: #S4
  18. Source: #S4
  19. Source: #S3762
  20. Source: #S4



Biography

This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

Name

Name: Alfonso I /Aragon/
Given Name: Alfonso I
Surname: Aragon
Name Suffix: [King of]

The suffix [King of] is non-traditional and may be too long for the WikiTree suffix.

Reference

Reference: 9HM0WX

User ID

User ID: AC0CB75810B9D511B844080009DD8EDAC809

Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 5 Oct 2001
Time: 00:40

Prior to import, this record was last changed 00:40 5 Oct 2001.

Note

Note: #NI2153

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Aragon-45 created through the import of heinakuu2011-6.ged on Jul 5, 2011 by Johanna Amnelin. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Johanna and others.

Notes

Note NI2153!(1) Also AFN 91M0SG, 8XPZ0C
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547
  13. Source: #S2
  14. Source: #S3
  15. Source: #S4
  16. Source: #S4
  17. Source: #S4
  18. Source: #S4
  19. Source: #S3762
  20. Source: #S4





Biography

No more info is currently available. Can you add to this biography?

Sources

  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547
  13. Source: #S2
  14. Source: #S3
  15. Source: #S4
  16. Source: #S4
  17. Source: #S4
  18. Source: #S4
  19. Source: #S3762
  20. Source: #S4




This person was created through the import of Luis Manzano Dec 2010.ged on 24 April 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Birth

Birth:
User ID: A2447CA1-491C-49FA-AF11-989594C50540
Record ID Number: MH:IF1724
Date: 25 MAR 1157
Place: Huesca, España


Death

Death:
User ID: 4CE762C0-5C02-4503-AEB6-A1D99498F826
Record ID Number: MH:IF1725
Date: 25 APR 1196


Record ID Number

Record ID Number: MH:I1805


User ID

User ID: 8811FDE03197B848965530DA824949155C25


Data Changed

Data Changed:
Date: 8 Dec 2010

Prior to import, this record was last changed 8 Dec 2010.


This person was created through the import of 104-B.ged on 12 September 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Birth

Birth:
Date: 1157-03-25
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Spain

Imported only 1157 from Birth Date.

Death

Death:
Date: 1196-04-25
Place: Perpignan, Pyrbenbees-Orientales, France

Imported only 1196 from Death Date.

This person was created through the import of 104-B.ged on 12 September 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Birth

Birth:
Date: 1157-03-25
Place: Huesca, Huesca, Spain

Imported only 1157 from Birth Date.

Death

Death:
Date: 1196-04-25
Place: Perpignan, Pyrbenbees-Orientales, France

Imported only 1196 from Death Date.


Biography

Alfonso was born in 1152. Alfonso Berengar ... He passed away in 1196. [21]

No more info is currently available for Alfonso Berengar. Can you add to his biography?

Sources

  • Sherri Harder, firsthand knowledge. Click the Changes tab for the details of edits by Sherri and others.
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547
  13. Source: #S2
  14. Source: #S3
  15. Source: #S4
  16. Source: #S4
  17. Source: #S4
  18. Source: #S4
  19. Source: #S3762
  20. Source: #S4
  21. Entered by Sherri Harder, Mar 25, 2012



This person was created through the import of Smith-Hunter.ged on 10 March 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Source

Source: #S-923559106
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Note:
Data:
Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=7179083&pid=86609712

Sources

Source S-923559106
Repository: #R-923559107
Title: Ancestry Family Trees
Publication: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members.
Note: This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created.


Repository R-923559107
Name: Ancestry.com
Address: http://www.Ancestry.com
Note:

This person was created through the import of breesefam.ged on 09 May 2011. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Death

Death: Y
Date: 25 APR 1196
Place: Perpignan, Pyrbenbees-Orientales, France
Age: 39


Record ID Number

Record ID Number: MH:I8677


User ID

User ID: D13EA6CA-329E-407E-B89E-58A6D459D58D

Biography

No more info is currently available. Can you add to this biography?

Sources

  • WikiTree profile Chaste-9 created through the import of Rhodes 2011_2011-07-09_01_01.ged on Jul 9, 2011 by Tom Rhodes. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Tom and others.
  1. Source: #S004386 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=6436419&pid=-188772636
  2. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  3. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  4. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=-128825365
  5. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  6. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  7. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  8. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  9. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=338415553
  10. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  11. Source: #S004336 Data: Text: Birth date: 1152Birth place: Death date: 1196Death place:
  12. Source: #S004444 Page: Ancestry Family Trees Data: Text: http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=13078823&pid=302685547
  13. Source: #S2
  14. Source: #S3
  15. Source: #S4
  16. Source: #S4
  17. Source: #S4
  18. Source: #S4
  19. Source: #S3762
  20. Source: #S4
  21. Entered by Sherri Harder, Mar 25, 2012



This person was created through the import of My Family File.ged on 19 May 2010. The following data was included in the gedcom. You may wish to edit it for readability.

Name

Name: Alfonso II of Aragon

Couldn't find any valid last name at birth. Couldn't find any valid first name.



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Alfonso II is 25 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 40 degrees from Charlotte Brontë, 25 degrees from Bob Keniston, 28 degrees from Ben Kingsley and 21 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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