Ramón IV (Aragón) Barcelona

Ramón Berenguer (Aragón) Barcelona (1113 - 1162)

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Ramón Berenguer (Ramón IV) "Conde de Barcelona" Barcelona formerly Aragón
Born in Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spainmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Piemonte, Italymap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Feb 2014 | Last significant change: 28 Nov 2018
21:26: K. Anonymous edited the Biography for Ramón IV (Aragón) Barcelona. [Thank K. for this]
This page has been accessed 2,424 times.

Biography

Name: Ramon Berenguer IV
Name: Raymond /Berenger/[1]
Birth: 1114
Birth: 1113
Death: 1162-08-06, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Italy
Death: 6 AUG 1162, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Italy, Age: 48-49
Death: 7 AUG 1162
Death: 6 AUG 1162, Cuneo, , Piemonte, Italy
Occupation: Count of Barcelona
Note: Also had Ramon Berengar III of Provence, d 1181.

About Ramon Berenguer IV 'el Sant' de Barcelona, comte de Barcelona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona. Rambon Berenguer lV Prince of Aragbon. Ramon «den Hellige» var

Greve av Barcelona 1131-1162.

Fyrste av Aragon 1137 - 1162.

Greve av Provence 1144-1162 (som Raimond Berenguer I).

Ramon var den siste som hadde titelen greve av Barcelona. Ifølge sin fars testamente arvet han i 1131 som den førstefødte grevskapene Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalù, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdaña, Conflet, Carcasona og Redés. 11.08.1137 ble han konge av Aragon.91

Ramon was the last one to have the title of Conde de Barcelona. Acording his fathers will, He inherit in 1131 as the first born the countys of Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalu, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdana, Conflet, Carcasona and Redes. 08.11.1137 he became king of Aragon.

91 Erich Brandenburg: Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen. Leipzig 1935. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 1001. Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Bind 2 (1933), side 418. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 16, 25.


Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona. Reign 19 August 1131 - 6 August 1162

Predecessor Ramon Berenguer III
Successor Alfonso I
Spouse Petronila of Aragon
Issue
  1. Dulce Berenguer
  2. Alfonso II of Aragon
  3. Peter, Count of Cerdanya
  4. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence
  5. Sancho, Count of Provence
  6. Ramon, Archbishop of Narbonne
Father Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona
Mother Douce I, Countess of Provence
Born c. 1113
Died 6 August 1162, Piedmont, Italy

Raymond Berengar IV or Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162), sometimes called the Holy, was the Count of Barcelona who effected the union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

1. Riley-Smith (1991) p.48. Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.

Villegas-Aristizabal, Lucas (2009), "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148-1180", Crusades 8, pp. 63-129.

Preceded by: Ramon Berenguer III Count of Barcelona, 1131 – 1162.
Succeeded by Alfonso II of Aragon

Preceded by: Agnes of Aquitaine King consort of Aragon, 1150– 1162. Succeeded by Sancha of Castile

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona"

Early reign. He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.[citation needed] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

Crusades and wars. In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of Southern French, Anglo-Normans and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Catalanoaragonese empire.

Death. He died in 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from his mother's abdication Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.


The elder son of Ramon Berenguer III, he continued his father's crusading wars against the Almoravid Muslims. The kingdom of Aragon soon sought Ramon Berenguer IV's aid against Castile. In the course of their negotiations, he was promised the hand of the Aragonese king Ramiro II's daughter and heir, Petronila (Peronella); they were married on Aug. 11, 1137, and a few months later (November 13), Ramiro II abdicated in favour of his daughter and son-in-law. Ramon Berenguer IV thus became the last count of Barcelona to take this as his principal title, for, from 1137, he was also ruler of Aragon (though he himself never assumed the title of king). From the reign of his son, who in 1162 succeeded him with the title of Alfonso II, the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, kings of Aragon.

When Ramon Berenguer IV's father had died, he had left the county of Provence to a younger son. When this son died, his brother Ramon Berenguer IV acted as regent (conventionally with the title Ramon Berenguer II of Provence) until the legitimate heir, his young nephew, reached majority in 1157, as Ramon Berenguer III of Provence. When this count of Provence died in 1166 without a male heir, he was succeeded by Ramon Berenguer IV's son Alfonso II, king of Aragon. By his wars and conquests from the Moors--Tortosa (1148), Lerida, Mequinenza, and Fraga (1149), and Prades and Siurana (1153)--Ramon Berenguer IV definitively established the boundaries of the principality of Catalonia.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.


Ramón Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, was also called Ramon "the Holy." He effected the union between Aragon and Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

On August 11, 1137 in Huesca, Ramón was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon, the "Monk," who sought Barcelona's aid against King Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramón Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never King himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of French and Genoese crusaders. The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenger also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Aragonese empire.

Sources

  1. Source: #S004444
  • Source S553800047 Ancestry. Ancestry.
  • Source S2295565934 Ancestry.
  • Source: S004444 Ancestry. Ancestry.
  • Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.
  • Villegas-Aristizabal, Lucas (2009), "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148-1180", Crusades 8, pp. 63-129.
  • Wikipeida.

Acknowledgements

  • WikiTree profile Berenger-85 created through the import of heinakuu2011-6.ged on Jul 5, 2011 by Johanna Amnelin.
  • This person was created through the import of My Family File.ged on 19 May 2010.
  • This person was created through the import of Luis Manzano Dec 2010.ged on 24 April 2011.
  • This person was created through the import of breesefam.ged on 09 May 2011.
  • Sherri Harder, firsthand knowledge.
  • WikiTree profile Berenger-102 created through the import of mike_walton_2011.ged on Aug 20, 2011 by Mike Walton.
  • WikiTree profile Berenger-83 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams.
  • WikiTree profile Berenger-80 created through the import of WILLIAMS 2011.GED on Jun 22, 2011 by Ted Williams.
  • WikiTree profile Berenger-111 created through the import of Grant_David_Meadors_2008-02-17.ged on Sep 18, 2011 by Grant Meadors.
  • This person was created through the import of Harrington_Wright 2009.ged on 05 May 2011.
  • This person was created on 08 April 2011 through the import of Grant R. Phillips, Jr..ged.
  • This person was created on 06 January 2010 through the import of gl120368.ged,


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Images: 1
Count Raymond Berenguer III
Count Raymond Berenguer III

Collaboration

On 24 May 2017 at 17:44 GMT Steve Selbrede wrote:

Although I have clean up the merges significantly. More work is yet to be done to clean up the Bio.

On 1 Nov 2013 at 22:48 GMT Philip Smith wrote:

Comparing De Barcelona-10 (L) and Aragon-37 (R)

The other side of this proposed merge is an orphan, you can complete the merge, it might be necessary to adopt it first. Thank you. Phil



Ramón IV is 25 degrees from George Bush, 29 degrees from Rick San Soucie and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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