no image
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Mary (Arden) Shakespeare (abt. 1538 - bef. 1608)

Mary Shakespeare formerly Arden aka Ardern
Born about in Wilmcote, Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married about 1557 in Wilmcote, Aston Cantlowe, Warwickshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Aug 2008
This page has been accessed 7,146 times.

Contents

Biography

This is the profile for Mary (Arden) Shakespeare, who was the mother of the playwright William Shakespeare.

Parentage; Date and Place of Birth

Mary Arden was the youngest daughter of Robert Arden,[1][2][3][4] a relatively wealthy "husbandman" or farmer of Wilmcote, Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire.[5] Both her parentage and the fact that she was Robert's youngest daughter are established by Robert's 1556 will, which contains a bequest to "my youngste dowghter Marye."[6][7] As discussed in Robert Arden's profile, the identity of Robert's first wife, and the mother of Mary and all of Robert's other children, is unknown.

Mary's date of birth is uncertain. Stopes, in her 1901 Shakespeare's Family, stated that it was probable the Mary was born about 1535, based on the argument that, since she was named as a co-executor in Robert's 1556 will,[6][7] she was probably 21 at the time.[2] If Mary had been born in 1535, however, she would have been an oldish 44 or 45 when her youngest child was baptized in May 1580. Eccles, in his 1961 Shakespeare in Warwickshire, focused on that fact and stated that she must have been born within a few years of 1540.[4] If Mary had been born in 1540, however, she would only have been a very youngish 16 when named as a co-executor in her father's November 1556 will and only 16 or 17 when she was married about 1557. Pogue, without discussion, simply states that Mary was born about 1538,[3] which seems a very reasonable mid-point estimate.

Since Robert Arden appears to have lived in Wilmcote, Aston Cantlow, Warwickshire his entire life,[5] Mary was almost certainly born there.

Marriage

Mary Arden married John Shakespeare. The fact that Mary Arden was the Mary who was John Shakespeare's wife is established, in part, by records relating to the sale by John and Mary Shakespeare of Mary's inheritance in Robert Arden's estates in Wilmcote[8][9] and Snitterfield.[10][9]

The date and place of their marriage is uncertain. They were probably married sometime in 1557, based on (1) the fact that Mary is not referred to as John Shakespeare's wife in Robert Arden's November 1556 will and (2) the fact that their first-born child was baptized in September 1558.[11][12][13] Since it was most common for women to be married in their home parish, they were probably married in Aston Cantlow.[12][13]

Children

Mary and John Shakespeare had the following children, all born in Stratford-on-Avon:

  1. Jone/Joan, bpt. September 15, 1558,[14] no further record, presumed to have died young
  2. Margaret, bpt. December 2, 1562,[15] bur. April 30, 1563 at Stratford-on-Avon[16]
  3. William, bpt. April 26, 1564, m. November 1582 Ann Hathaway, bur. April 25, 1616 at Stratford-on-Avon. (See discussion and sources in William's profile.)
  4. GIlbert, bpt. October 13, 1566,[17] never married,[18] bur. February 3, 1612 at Stratford-on-Avon[19]
  5. Jone/Joan, bpt. April 15, 1569,[20] m. by 1600 William Hart,[21][22] bur. November 4, 1646 at Stratford-on-Avon[23]
  6. Anna/Anne, bpt. September 28, 1571,[24] bur. April 4, 1579 at Stratford-on-Avon[25]
  7. Richard, bpt. March 11, 1573/4,[26] never married,[27] bur. February 4, 1612/3 at Stratford-on-Avon[28]
  8. Edmund, bpt. May 3, 1580,[29] never married,[30] bur. December 31, 1607 at St. Giles, Cripplegate, London[30]

Death

Mary was buried at Stratford-on-Avon on September 9, 1608.[31][32]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 French, George Russell. Shakspeareana Genealogica. McMillan and Co., 1869. p. 468. Link to page at archive.org.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Stopes, Mrs. C.C. Shakespeare's Family, Being a Record of the Ancestors and Descendants of William Shakespeare with Some Account of the Ardens. James Pott & Company, 1901. p. 36. Link to page at archive.org.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Pogue, Kate Emery. Shakespeare's Family. Praeger, 2008. Kindle edition location 651 of 3128.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Eccles, Mark. Shakespeare in Warwickshire. The University of Wisconsin Press, 1963. p. 22.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 See the profile for Mary's father, Robert Arden.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 French, George Russell. Shakspeareana Genealogica. McMillan and Co., 1869. p. 470. Link to page at archive.org.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Halliwell-Phillipps, J.O. Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare. Seventh Edition. Volume the Second. Longmans, Green and Co., 1887. p. 53. Link to page at hathitrust.org.
  8. 8.0 8.1 French, George Russell. Shakspeareana Genealogica. McMillan and Co., 1869. pp. 484-485. Link to pages at archive.org.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Chambers, E.K. William Shakespeare: A Study of Facts and Problems. Vol. II. 1930. pp. 35-41. Link to pages at archive.org.
  10. 10.0 10.1 French, George Russell. Shakspeareana Genealogica. McMillan and Co., 1869. pp. 480-481. Link to pages at archive.org.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Stopes, Mrs. C.C. Shakespeare's Family, Being a Record of the Ancestors and Descendants of William Shakespeare with Some Account of the Ardens. James Pott & Company, 1901. p. 51. Link to page at archive.org.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Eccles, Mark. Shakespeare in Warwickshire. The University of Wisconsin Press, 1963. p. 25.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Pogue, Kate Emery. Shakespeare's Family. Praeger, 2008. Kindle edition location 677 of 3128.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 1. Link to page at archive.org.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 6. Link to page at archive.org.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 8. Link to page at archive.org.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 12. Link to page at archive.org.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Pogue, Kate Emery. Shakespeare's Family. Praeger, 2008. Kindle edition location 869 of 3128.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 81. Link to page at archive.org.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 15. Link to page at archive.org.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Pogue, Kate Emery. Shakespeare's Family. Praeger, 2008. Kindle edition location 990 of 3128.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Schoenbaum, S. William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life. Oxford University Press. 1977. pp. 27-28. Link to pages at archive.org.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 143. Link to page at archive.org.
  24. 24.0 24.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 18. Link to page at archive.org.
  25. 25.0 25.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 29. Link to page at archive.org.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 20. Link to page at archive.org.
  27. 27.0 27.1 Pogue, Kate Emery. Shakespeare's Family. Praeger, 2008. Kindle edition location 883 of 3128.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 83. Link to page at archive.org.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Baptisms, 1558-1652. 1897. p. 30. Link to page at archive.org.
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Stopes, Mrs. C.C. Shakespeare's Family, Being a Record of the Ancestors and Descendants of William Shakespeare with Some Account of the Ardens. James Pott & Company, 1901. p. 110. Link to page at archive.org.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Savage, Richard. The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick. Burials, 1558-1622/3. 1905. p. 76. Link to page at archive.org.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Stopes, Mrs. C.C. Shakespeare's Family, Being a Record of the Ancestors and Descendants of William Shakespeare with Some Account of the Ardens. James Pott & Company, 1901. p. 60. Link to page at archive.org.

See also:



More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Is Mary your ancestor? Please don't go away!
 star icon Login to collaborate or comment, or
 star icon contact private message the profile manager, or
 star icon ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com

DNA
No known carriers of Mary's DNA have taken a DNA test.

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.

Simplified.

Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments: 3

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Hi Eowyn, the England Project would like to co-manage this profile with you due to Mary’s historical significance for England. Please contact me if you would like to discuss. Regards, Gillian, Leader, England

Project.

posted by Gillian Thomas
Disconnecting the "Glebe Farm" painting image from this profile, since it is not a painting of the Mary Arden's Glebe Farm, but a different one in Essex
posted by Chase Ashley
Constable's painting called "Glebe Farm" is not of the Ardens' so-called Glebe Farm in Wilmcote, Warwickshire but a painting of Church Farm in Langham. See https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/constable-the-glebe-farm-n01823

A "glebe" is just a generic term for land within a parish used to support the parish priest.

Langham is on the Essex side of the Stour River, which forms the border of Essex and Suffolk. For more on the painting, see https://archive.org/details/constable00tomp/page/n123

posted by Chase Ashley

A  >  Arden  |  S  >  Shakespeare  >  Mary (Arden) Shakespeare

Categories: Arden Family | Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire